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Yser

Yser/IJzer
The Yser and West Flemish polders near Diksmuide
Origin Nord
Mouth North Sea
Basin countries Belgium, France
Length 78 km (48 mi)
Source elevation 30 m (98 ft)
Avg. discharge 3 m3/s (110 cu ft/s)
Basin area 1,101 km2 (425 sq mi)

The Yser (Dutch: IJzer, French: Yser) is a river that rises in French Flanders (the north of France), enters the Belgian province of West Flanders and flows into the North Sea at the town of Nieuwpoort.

The source of the Yser is in Buysscheure (Buisscheure), in the Nord département of northern France. It flows though Bollezeele (Bollezele), Esquelbecq (Ekelsbeke), Bambecque (Bambeke) and approximately 30 kilometres (19 mi) of its 78-kilometre (48 mi) run through France before it enters Belgium. It then flows through Diksmuide and out into the North Sea at Nieuwpoort.

During the Battle of the Yser in the First World War, opening the sluices, part of the polder West of the Yser was flooded with seawater between Nieuwpoort and Diksmuide to provide an obstacle to the advancing German Army and keep westernmost Belgium safe from German occupation. The Yser river itself never overflowed its banks.[1]

Tributaries

  • Peene Becque (Penebeek)
  • Sale Becque (Vuilebeek)
  • Ey Becque (Heidebeek)
  • Zwyne Becque (Zwijnebeek)

References

  1. ^ Leper, J., Kunstmatige inundaties in Maritiem Vlaanderen 1316-1945, Michiels, Tongeren, 1957 (327 p.), p.205
  • GéoPortail (French)
  • The Yser at the Sandre database

External links

  • Image of the basin of the Yser


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