World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Journal Club

Article Id: WHEBN0003089877
Reproduction Date:

Title: Journal Club  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Scientific journal, William Osler, Publishing, Peer review, List of English inventions and discoveries
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Journal Club

A journal club is a group of individuals who meet regularly to critically evaluate recent articles in the evidence-based medicine to some area of medical practice can be facilitated by a journal club. Typically, each participant can voice their view relating to several questions such as the appropriateness of the research design, the statistics employed, the appropriateness of the controls that were used, etc. There might be an attempt to synthesize together the results of several papers, even if some of these results might first appear to contradict each other. Even if the results of the study are seen as valid, there might be a discussion of how useful the results are and if these results might lead to new research or to new applications.

Journal clubs are sometimes used in the education of graduate or professional students. These help make the student(s) become more familiar with the advanced literature in their new field of study. In addition, these journal clubs help improve the students' skills of understanding and debating current topics of active interest in their field. This type of journal club may sometimes be taken for credit. Research laboratories may also organize journal clubs for all researchers in the lab to help them keep up with the literature produced by others who work in their field.

Online Journal Clubs

Journal clubs continue to adapt to new technology and methods of communication. Recently journal clubs have begun to take advantage of Twitter allowing geographically diverse groups to participate in a single discussion. The first Twitter Journal club was an Allergy Journal Club run by Dr. Ves Dimoz in 2008. They used Twitter to document the discussion of coverage of a traditional in-person Journal club. This journal club established the use of hashtags to organize journal club comments.[1][2]

Wiki Based

WikEM and emergency medicine based wiki powered by MediaWiki provides a journal club that occurs asyncronously during an entire month. Wikijournalclub.com provides a similar service for all medical specialties.

Twitter Enhanced

The first group to run a journal club primarily on Twitter was The Twitter Journal Club started by Natalie Silvey and Fi Douglas in May 2011.[3][4] The original Twitter Journal Club appears to have gone offline. Since then there have been a number of additional Twitter journal clubs:
Name Date Twitter ID Hashtag
Twitter Journal Club May 2011 @twitjournalclub #twitjc
Public Health Twitter Journal Club August 2011 @PHTwitJC #PHTwitJC
British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Journal Club May 2012 @BlueJCHost #bluejc
Microbiology Twitter Journal Club May 2012 @microtwjc #microtwjc
St Emyn's Journal Club October 2012 @JC_StE #JC_StE
Urology November 2012 @iurojc #urojc
Hospice and Palliative Care medicine February 2013 @hpmjc #hpmjc
Respiratory and Sleep Medicine October 2013 @respandsleepjc #rsjc
Academic Life in Emergency Medicine Journal Club November 2013 @M_Lin #ALiEMJC
General Surgery February 2014 @igsjc #igsjc
Primary Care Medicine Journal Club February 2014 @pcmjc #pcmjc
Allergy March 2014 @alleryjc #allergyjc
Nephrology April 2014 @nephjc #nephjc
Radiation Oncology August 2014 @rad_nation #radonc

History

The earliest references to a journal club was found in a book of memoirs and letters by the late Sir James Paget, a British surgeon, who describes a group at St. Bartholomew's Hospital in London in the mid-19th century as "a kind of club ... a small room over a baker's shop near the Hospital-gate where we could sit and read the journals."[5]

Sir William Osler established the first formalized journal club at McGill University in Montreal in 1875. The original purpose of Osler's journal club was "for the purchase and distribution of periodicals to which he could ill afford to subscribe."[6]

Tinsley Harrison, the famous creator of Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine hosted a journal club at his house twice a month where one member of the group would present a research paper and the others would criticize it.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ Esisi, Martina. "Journal clubs." BMJ Careers. 13 Oct. 2007. Web. 09 Jan. 2010. .
  6. ^ Milbrandt, Eric B., and Jean-Louis Vincent. "Evidence-based medicine journal club." Critical Care (2004): 401-02. PubMed. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 3 Nov. 2004. Web. 10 Jan. 2010. .
  7. ^

Further reading

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.