World Library  


Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Definitions of Climate and Climate Change Under Varying External Conditions : Volume 5, Issue 1 (10/06/2014)

By Werndl, C.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004007414
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 37
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Definitions of Climate and Climate Change Under Varying External Conditions : Volume 5, Issue 1 (10/06/2014)  
Author: Werndl, C.
Volume: Vol. 5, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, Earth, System
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2014
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Werndl, C. (2014). Definitions of Climate and Climate Change Under Varying External Conditions : Volume 5, Issue 1 (10/06/2014). Retrieved from http://www.hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Description: Department of Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method, London School of Economics, Houghton Street, WC1A 2AE London, UK. Commonly, definitions of climate are endorsed where the external conditions are held constant. This paper argues that these definitions risk being empirically void because in reality the external conditions vary. As a consequence, analogous definitions for varying external conditions are explored with help of the recently developed theory of non-autonomous dynamical systems, and the similarities and differences between the cases of constant and varying external conditions are discussed. It is argued that there are analogous definitions for varying external conditions which are preferable to the definitions where the external conditions are held constant. In this context, a novel definition is proposed (namely, climate as the distribution over time under a regime of varying external conditions), which is argued to be promising.

Summary
Definitions of climate and climate change under varying external conditions

Excerpt
Hulme, M., Dessai, S., Lorenzoni, I., and Nelson, D.: Unstable climates: exploring the statistical and social constructions of climate, Geoforum, 40, 197–206, 2009.; Jacobsen, M. V.: Absolutely continuous invariant measures for one-parameter families of one-dimensional maps, Commun. Math. Phys., 81, 39–88, 1981.; Allen, M.: Liability for climate change, Nature, 421, 891–892, 2010.; Berger, A.: Chaos and Chance, an Introduction to Stochastic Aspects of Dynamics, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, 2001.; Bhattacharya, K., Ghil, M., and Vulis, I. L.: Internal variability of an energy-balance model with delayed albedo effects, J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 1747–1773, 1982.; Buzzi, J.: Exponential decay of correlations for random Lasota–Yorke maps, Commun. Math. Phys., 208, 25–54, 1999.; Checkroun, M. D., Simnnet, E., and Ghil, M.: Stochastic climate dynamics: random attractors and time-dependent invariant measures, Physica D, 240, 1685–1700, 2011.; Daron, J. D.: Examining the Decision-Relevance of Climate Model Information for the Insurance Industry, Ph.D. thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, 2012.; Daron, J. D. and Stainforth, D.: On predicting climate under climate change, Environ. Res. Lett., 8, 1–8, 2013.; Eckmann, J.-P. and Ruelle, D.: Ergodic theory of chaos and strange attractors, Rev. Mod. Phys., 57, 617–656, 1985.; Gallavotti, G. and Cohen, E. G. D.: Dynamical ensembles in stationary states, J. Stat. Phys., 80, 931–970, 1995.; Dymnikov, V. P. and Gritsoun, A. S.: Climate model attractors: chaos, quasi-regularity and sensitivity to small perturbations of external forcing, Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 8, 201–209, doi:10.5194/npg-8-201-2001, 2001.; Goswami, B. N., Wu, G., and Yasunari, T.: The annual cycle, intraseasonal oscillations, and roadblock to seasonal predictability of the Asian summer monsoon, J. Climate, 19, 5078–5099, 2006.; Jin, F.-F., Neelin, J. D., and Ghil, M.: El Niño on the devil's staircase: annual subharmonic steps to chaos, Science, 264, 70–72, 1994.; Kloeden, P. E. and Rasmussen, M.: Nonautonomous Dynamical Systems, Mathematical Surveys and Monographs, Vol. 176, American Mathematical Society, Providence, 2011.; Kurgansky, M. V., Dethloff, K., Pisnichenko, I. A., Gernandt, H., Chmielevski, F.-M., and Jansen, W.: Long term climate variability in a simple, nonlinear atmospheric model, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 4299–4314, 1996.; Lasota, A. and MacKey, M. C.: Probabilistic Properties of Deterministic Systems, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1985.; Lorenz, E.: Deterministic nonperiodic flow, J. Atmos. Sci., 20, 130–141, 1963.; Lorenz, E.: The problem of deducing the climate from the governing equations, Tellus, 16, 1–11, 1964.; Lorenz, E.: Climatic determinism, Meteor. Mon., 8, 1–3, 1968.; Lorenz, E.: Climatic change as a mathematical problem, J. Appl. Meteorol., 9, 325–329, 1970.; Lorenz, E.: Nondeterministic theories of climatic change, Quaternary Res., 6, 495–506, 1976.; Lorenz, E.: Can chaos and intransitivity lead to interannual variability?, Tellus A, 42, 378–389, 1990.; Lorenz, E.: Climate is what you expect, prepared for publication by NCAR, unpublished, 1–33, 1995.; Lucarini, V.: Evidence of dispersion relations for the nonlinear response of the Lorenz 63 system, J. Stat. Phys., 134, 381–400, 1999.; Lucarini, V.: Stochastic perturbations to dynamical systems: a response theory approach, J. Stat. Phys., 146, 774–786, 2012.; Lucarini, V. and Sarno, S.: A statistical mechanical approach for the computation of the climatic response to general forcings, Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 18, 7–28, doi:10.5194/npg-18-7-2011, 2011.; Luzzatto, S., Melbourne, I., and Paccaut, F.: The Lorenz attractor is mixing, Commun. Math. Phys., 260, 393–401, 2005.; Lyubich, M.: Almost every quadratic map is either regular or stochastic, Ann. Math., 156, 1–78, 2002.; Mancho, A. M., Wiggin

 

Click To View

Additional Books


  • Temperature Data Acquired from the Doi/G... (by )
  • Global Hydrological Droughts in the 21St... (by )
  • Compilation of Ozonesonde Profiles from ... (by )
  • Nordic Seas Total Dissolved Inorganic Ca... (by )
  • A Theoretical Framework for the Net Land... (by )
  • Microzooplankton Functional Responses in... (by )
  • The Tropical Atlantic Surface Wind Diver... (by )
  • Nordic Seas Total Dissolved Inorganic Ca... (by )
  • Ceh-gear: 1 Km Resolution Daily and Mont... (by )
  • Epoca/Eur-oceans Data-mining Compilation... (by )
  • The Maredat Global Database of High Perf... (by )
  • Excitation of Equatorial Kelvin and Yana... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.