World Library  

Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

A Structure Generator for Modelling the Initial Sediment Distribution of an Artificial Hydrologic Catchment : Volume 8, Issue 3 (09/05/2011)

By Maurer, T.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004012914
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 59
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: A Structure Generator for Modelling the Initial Sediment Distribution of an Artificial Hydrologic Catchment : Volume 8, Issue 3 (09/05/2011)  
Author: Maurer, T.
Volume: Vol. 8, Issue 3
Language: English
Subject: Science, Hydrology, Earth
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


APA MLA Chicago

Gerke, H. H., Schneider, A., & Maurer, T. (2011). A Structure Generator for Modelling the Initial Sediment Distribution of an Artificial Hydrologic Catchment : Volume 8, Issue 3 (09/05/2011). Retrieved from

Description: Research Centre Landscape Development and Mining Landscapes, Brandenburg University of Technology, Cottbus, Germany. Artificially-created hydrological catchments are characterized by sediment structures from technological construction processes that can potentially be important for modelling of flow and transport and for understanding initial soil and ecosystem development. The subsurface spatial structures of such catchments have not yet been sufficiently explored and described. Our objective was to develop a structure generator programme for modelling the 3-D spatial sediment distribution patterns depending on the technical earth-moving and deposition processes. For the development, the artificially-constructed hydrological catchment Chicken Creek located in Lower Lusatia, Germany, served as an example. The structure generator describes 3-D technological sediment distributions at two scales: (i) for a 2-D-vertical cross-section, texture and bulk density distributions are generated within individual spoil cones that result from mass dumping, particle segregation, and compaction and (ii) for the whole catchment area, the spoil cones are horizontally arranged along trajectories of mass dumping controlled by the belt stacker-machine relative to the catchment's clay layer topography. The generated 3-D texture and bulk density distributions are interpolated and visualized as a gridded 3-D-volume body using 3-D computer-aided design software. The generated subsurface sediment distribution for the Chicken Creek catchment was found to correspond to observed patterns although still without any calibration. Spatial aggregation and interpolation in the gridded volume body modified the generated distributions towards more uniform (unimodal) distributions and lower values of the standard deviations. After incorporating variations and pedotransfer approaches, generated sediment distributions can be used for deriving realizations of the 3-D hydraulic catchment structure.

A structure generator for modelling the initial sediment distribution of an artificial hydrologic catchment

Brutsaert, W.: Hydrology: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2005.; Barbour, S. L., Chapman, D., Qualizza, C., Kessler, S., Boese, C., Shurniak, R., Meiers, G., O'Khane, M., Hendry, J., and Wall, S.: Tracking the evolution of reclaimed landscapes through the use of instrumented watersheds – a brief history of the Syncrude Southwest 30 Overburden Reclamation Research Program. Proceedings of the Instrumented Watershed Symposium, Edmonton, Canada, 2004.; Benischke, R., Harum, T., Reszler, C., Saccon, P., Ortner, G., and Ruch, C.: Karst water drainage in the Kaisergebirge (Tyrol, Austria) – Catchment delineation combining hydrogeological investigations and isotope methods with hydrological modelling, Grundwasser, 15(1), 43–57, 2010.; Bosch, F. P. and Muller, I.: Improved karst exploration by VLF-EM-gradient survey: comparison with other geophysical methods, Near Surface Geophysics 3(4), 299–310, 2005.; Buczko, U. and Gerke, H. H.: Estimating spatial distributions of hydraulic parameters for a two-scale structured heterogeneous lignitic mine soil, J. Hydrol., 312(1–4), 109–124, 2005a.; Buczko, U. and Gerke, H. H.: Modeling two-dimensional water flow and bromide transport in a heterogeneous lignitic mine soil, Vadose Zone Journal, 5(1), 14–26, 2005b.; Buczko, U., Gerke, H. H., and Hüttl, R. F.: Spatial distributions of lignite mine spoil properties for simulating 2-D variably saturated flow and transport, Ecol. Eng., 17(2–3), 103–114, 2001.; de Marsilly, G., Delay, F., Gonçalvès, J., Renard, P., Teles, V., and Violette, S.: Dealing with spatial heterogeneity, Hydrogeol. J., 13(1), 161–183, 2005.; Gascuel-Odoux, C., Weiler, M., and Molenat, J.: Effect of the spatial distribution of physical aquifer properties on modelled water table depth and stream discharge in a headwater catchment, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 1179–1194, doi:10.5194/hess-14-1179-2010, 2010.; Gauthier, M. J., Camporese, M., Rivard, C., Paniconi, C., and Larocque, M.: A modeling study of heterogeneity and surface water-groundwater interactions in the Thomas Brook catchment, Annapolis Valley (Nova Scotia, Canada), Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 1583–1596, doi:10.5194/hess-13-1583-2009, 2009.; Hooper, R. P.: Applying the scientific method to small catchment studies: A review of the Panola Mountain experience, Hydrol. Process., 15(10): 2039–2050, 2001.; Gee, G. W. and Bauder, J. W.: Particle size analysis, in: Methods of Soil Analysis – Part 1: Physical and Mineralogical Methods, edited by: Klute, A., Soil Science Society of America Book Series 5, Madison, Wisconsin, USA, 1986.; Gerke, H. H.: Exploring preferential flow in forest-reclaimed lignitic mine soil, Adv. Geoecol., 38, 380–387, 2006.; Gerwin, W., Raab, T., Biemelt, D., Bens, O., and Hüttl, R. F.: The artificial water catchment Chicken Creek as an observatory for critical zone processes and structures, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 6, 1769–1795, doi:10.5194/hessd-6-1769-2009, 2009a.; Gerwin, W., Schaaf, W., Biemelt, D., Elmer, M., Maurer, T., and Schneider, A.: The artificial catchment Hühnerwasser (Chicken Creek): construction and initial properties. Ecosystem Development Vol. 1, Scientific Publications of the Brandenburg University of Technology, 2011.; Gerwin, W., Schaaf, W., Biemelt, D., Fischer, A., Winter, S., and Hüttl, R. F.: The artificial catchment Chicken Creek (Lusatia, Germany) – A landscape laboratory for interdisciplinary studies of initial ecosystem development, Ecol. Eng., 35(12), 1786–1796, doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2009.09.003, 2009b.; Gross, L. J. and Small, M. J.: River and floodplain process simulation for subsurface characterization, Water Resour. Res., 34(9), 2365–2376, 1998.; Grunwald, S.


Click To View

Additional Books

  • Modelling Runoff from a Himalayan Debris... (by )
  • On an Improved Sub-regional Water Resour... (by )
  • Use of Laser-scan Technology to Analyse ... (by )
  • Corrigendum to Uncertainty Analysis of a... (by )
  • Exploration of Land-use Scenarios for Fl... (by )
  • The Influence of Constrained Fossil Fuel... (by )
  • Closing the Water Balance with Cosmic-ra... (by )
  • Examining the Effect of Pore Size Distri... (by )
  • From Maps to Movies: High-resolution Tim... (by )
  • Extension of the Representative Elementa... (by )
  • The Effect of Changes in Natural and Ant... (by )
  • A New Stream and Nested Catchment Framew... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.