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### Algorithms and Complexity

##### By: Herbert S. Wilf

Mathematics document containing theorems and formulas.

Excerpt: This edition of Algorithms and Complexity is the at the anonymous ftp site. It may be taken at no charge by all interested persons...

### Principles and Pathology of Orthodox Statistics

##### By: Norbert Wiener

Mathematics document containing theorems and formulas.

Excerpt: The development of our theory beyond this point, as a practical statistical theory, involves all the complexities of the use, either of Bayes' Law on the one hand, or of those terminological tricks in the theory of likelihood on the other, which seem to avoid the necessity for the use of Bayes' law, but which in reality transfer the responsibility for its use to the working statistician, or the person who ultimately employs his results...

### New Values for Top Entails

##### By: Julian West

Mathematics document containing theorems and formulas.

Excerpt: The game of Top Entails is introduced in Winning Ways [Berlekamp et al. 1982, p. 376]. It is a nim-like, impartial game played with stacks of coins and the following two types of move. A player may either (1) split just one stack into two strictly smaller stacks; or (2) remove just one coin from just one stack; in this case the opponent is entailed to reply with a move (of either type) in the resulting stack.

### Championship-Level Play of Dots-And-Boxes

##### By: Julian West

Mathematics document containing theorems and formulas.

Excerpt: Dots-and-Boxes, described in Chapter 16 of Winning Ways [Berlekamp et al. 1982], is a game played on a finite rectangular unit lattice of dots (or, individualized form, on an arbitrary graph). A move consists of joining two adjacent dots, that is, dots at distance one; if this completes one or more squares, a point (box) is awarded for each and the player retains her turn. A move after which turn does not pass to the opponent is known as a complimenting move and...

### Championship-Level Play of Domineering

##### By: Julian West

Mathematics document containing theorems and formulas.

Excerpt: Domineering is a game played on subsets of the square lattice by two players, who alternately remove connected two-square regions (dominoes) from play. Left may only place dominoes vertically; Right must play horizontally. The normal win-condition applies, so that the first player unable to move loses.

### If I Could Talk to the Animals

##### By: Dorothy Wallace

Mathematics document containing theorems and formulas.

Excerpt: The title of this essay is a free-floating reference to conversations I have had with my mathematical colleagues over the last few years about the extent to which the classes we teach within our departments ought to inform and connect with the subjects students are studying in other departments. These discussions often end with a complaint such as, You can't talk to our engineers, they won't listen. Or The biologists just don't care about the math their students...

### Orthodox Methods: Historical Background

##### By: H. Von Helmholtz

Mathematics document containing theorems and formulas.

Excerpt: With all this confounded tracking in hypotheses about invisible connections with all manner of inconceivable properties, which have checked progress for so many years, I believe it to be most important to open people's eyes to the number of super uous hypotheses they are making, and would rather exaggerate the opposite view, if need be, than proceed along these false lines.?

### Doing Physics with Quaternions

##### By: Douglas B. Sweetser

Physics Literature

### Emerging Challenges for U. S. Marine Biotechnology

##### By: Robert W. Knecht

Excerpt: Biotechnology has become a rapidly burgeoning industry worldwide. It is expected to have profound impacts on health, agriculture, and aquaculture, by improving food products, enhancing environmental bioremediation, curing fatal diseases, and bringing potential socio-economic changes. Although still in the incipient stage, the field of biotechnology stands at the threshold of the next ?biotech century.?...

### The Origins of the Stratton Commission

##### By: John A. Knauss

Excerpt: The Stratton Commission report of January, 1969 was the culmination of an effort that began almost exactly ten years earlier with the February, 1959 publication of the NASCO report, Oceanography 1960-1970. NASCO was the 10 member National Academy of Science?s Committee on Oceanography, chaired by the Cal Tech geochemist Harrison Brown whose members included Maurice Ewing, Columbus Iselin and Roger Revelle, the directors of the three major oceanographic instituti...

### Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone

##### By: Wendy King

Excerpt: Commissioners, I am a lifelong New Orleanian, and am very concerned about the Gulf of Mexico's dead zone. This area, which seems to grow larger each season, stretches along the Louisiana and Texas Gulf Coasts, and is fed by high levels of farm and industrial run-offs from half of this country and at least two Canadian provinces. Chief among these run-offs are pesticides and fertilizer residues which wash down from farms and industries within the Mississippi Basi...

### Statement of Frederick J. Kenney, U.S. Department of State before ...

##### By: rederick J. Kenney

Excerpt: Mr. Chairman, Distinguished Commissioners. I?m Fred Kenney, Coast Guard Liaison Officer to the Office of Oceans Affairs at the U.S. Department of State. I?m also a member of the U.S. Delegation to the IMO?s Marine Environment Protection Committee and its Ballast Water Working Group. The purpose of my statement today is to provide some amplifying and updated information on the status of the ballast water negotiations at IMO, to clarify the responses to a question...

### Tide and Current Glossary

##### By: avid M. Kennedy

Excerpt: Preface to 1999 Edition. The publication is a revision of the 1989 edition. This edition has been a group effort by Steacy D. Hicks, Richard L. Sillcox, C. Reid Nichols, Brenda Via, and Evette C. McCray. It was subsequently revised by Chris Zervas. Final formatting, layout, and printing has been under the authority of Brenda Via. The author wishes to thank the following for their contributions: C. Reid Nichols (numerous entries), Richard L. Sillcox, Jack E. Fanc...

### Protecting and Restoring Coral Reefs

##### By: avid M. Kennedy

Excerpt: Coral reefs are among the most biologically productive and diverse ecosystems in the world. This diversity supports thriving tourism and fishing industries, which in turn sustain billions of dollars in economic activity each year. Coral reefs are found in U.S. waters of Florida, Hawaii, the Gulf of Mexico, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. These U.S. reef areas cover over 7,500 square mi...

### Office of Response and Restoration

##### By: avid M. Kennedy

Excerpt: OR&R leads NOM's multi-million dollar efforts under the Coral Reef Conservation Act, the U.S. National Action Plan to Conserve Coral Reefs, and the U.S. Coral Reef Force.

### Office of Response and Restoration

##### By: avid M. Kennedy

Excerpt: Program Highlights. OR&R responds to more than 100 coastal oil and hazardous materials emergencies each year. OR&R provides cleanup and restoration solutions at 225 waste sites each year. OR&R has collected over \$300 million from polluters since 1990 to restore coastal resources injured by oil or hazardous materials.

### Seascape Ecology of Reef Fish at Buck Island Reef National Monumen...

##### By: Matthew S. Kendall

Overview: Establish a baseline inventory of reef fish inside and outside Buck Island Reef NM -- 2. Describe a technique to identify patterns between fish and their landscapes...

### Seascape Ecology of Reef Fish at Buck Island Reef National Monumen...

##### By: Matthew S. Kendall

Excerpt: Visual surveys were used to assess habitat utilization patterns of reef fish at Buck Island Reef National Monument, US Virgin Islands. Beginning in 2001, two field missions per year have resulted in 461 surveys conducted over multiple bottom types around the Monument. Survey locations were selected using a random stratified approach with strata including bottom type (hard bottom vs. soft bottom) and, beginning in 2003, position relative to Monument boundaries (i...

### Coastal Management Specialist with Noaa's National Ocean Service

##### By: Jonathan Kelsey

Excerpt: Good Afternoon, my name is Jonathan Kelsey. Over the past day and a half I?ve attended this meeting in my capacity as a coastal management specialist with NOAA?s National Ocean Service. I?m providing these comments as a resident of the State of Hawaii. I?d like to thank the Commission for this opportunity to comment and commend you in your efforts to provide for the representation of all four U.S. Flag Pacific Island jurisdictions at this meeting. From these two...

### Deepwater Offshore Oil Development : Opportunities and Future Chal...

##### By: Paul L. Kelly

Introduction: As we move into the next millennium, a larger percentage of oil and natural gas will come from the oceans. The United States has a significant opportunity to influence the future course of events from both a private sector and government perspective and guarantee that there will be secure access to this important source of energy in the years ahead.

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