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Alfred Mond, 1st Baron Melchett

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Title: Alfred Mond, 1st Baron Melchett  
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Subject: Secretary of State for Health, Henry Mond, 2nd Baron Melchett, Christopher Addison, 1st Viscount Addison, Carmarthen (UK Parliament constituency), Baron Melchett
Collection: 1868 Births, 1930 Deaths, Alumni of St John's College, Cambridge, Alumni of the University of Edinburgh, Barons in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, Burials at St Pancras and Islington Cemetery, Conservative Party (Uk) Mps, English Businesspeople, English Jews, Fellows of the Royal Society (Statute 12), Imperial Chemical Industries Executives, Jewish British Politicians, Liberal Party (Uk) Mps, Members of the Inner Temple, Members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for English Constituencies, Members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for Welsh Constituencies, Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Mond Family, People Educated at Cheltenham College, People from Widnes, Politics of Swansea, Tel Mond, Uk Mps 1906–10, Uk Mps 1910–18, Uk Mps 1918–22, Uk Mps 1922–23, Uk Mps 1924–29
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Alfred Mond, 1st Baron Melchett

The Right Honourable
The Lord Melchett
PC FRS
First Commissioner of Works
In office
10 December 1916 – 1 April 1921
Monarch George V
Prime Minister David Lloyd George
Preceded by Lewis Vernon Harcourt
Succeeded by The Earl of Crawford
Minister of Health
In office
1 April 1921 – 19 October 1922
Monarch George V
Prime Minister David Lloyd George
Preceded by Christopher Addison
Succeeded by Sir Arthur Griffith-Boscawen
Personal details
Born Alfred Moritz Mond
23 October 1868 (1868-10-23)
Farnworth, Widnes, Lancashire, England
Died Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter. (aged 62)
London
Nationality British
Political party Liberal
Conservative
Spouse(s) Violet Goetze (d. 1945)
Alma mater St. John's College, Cambridge
University of Edinburgh

Alfred Moritz Mond, 1st Baron Melchett, PC, FRS (23 October 1868 – 27 December 1930), known as Sir Alfred Mond, Bt, between 1910 and 1928, was a British industrialist, financier and politician. In his later life he became an active Zionist.

Contents

  • Early life and education 1
  • Business career 2
  • Political career 3
  • Benefactions, Zionism and honours 4
  • Personal life 5
  • Publications 6
  • Literary references 7
  • Coat of arms 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

Early life and education

Mond was born in Farnworth, Widnes, Lancashire, England, the younger son of Ludwig Mond, a chemist and industrialist who had emigrated from Germany, and his wife Frieda, née Löwenthal, both of Jewish extraction. He was educated at Cheltenham College and St. John's College, Cambridge,[1] but failed his natural sciences tripos. He then studied law at Edinburgh University and was called to the bar by the Inner Temple in 1894.[2][3]

Business career

Following this he joined his father's business, Brunner Mond & Company as director, later becoming its managing director. He was also managing director of his father's other company the Mond Nickel Company. Other directorships included those of the International Nickel Corporation of Canada, the Westminster Bank and the Industrial Finance Investment Corporation. His major business achievement was in 1926 working to create the merger of four separate companies to form Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) one of the world's largest industrial corporations at the time.[2] He became its first chairman.[4]

Political career

Mond was also involved in politics and sat as

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Robert Yerburgh
Member of Parliament for Chester
1906–1910
Succeeded by
Robert Yerburgh
Preceded by
Sir George Newnes, Bt
Member of Parliament for Swansea
1910–1918
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Swansea West
1918–1923
Succeeded by
Howel Walter Samuel
Preceded by
Sir Ellis Ellis-Griffith, Bt
Member of Parliament for Carmarthen
1924–1928
Succeeded by
William Nathaniel Jones
Political offices
Preceded by
Lewis Vernon Harcourt
First Commissioner of Works
1916–1921
Succeeded by
The Earl of Crawford
Preceded by
Christopher Addison
Minister of Health
1921–1922
Succeeded by
Sir Arthur Griffith-Boscawen
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Melchett
1928–1930
Succeeded by
Henry Mond

External links

  1. ^ "Mond, Alfred Moritz (MNT886AM)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Greenaway, Frank (2004) 'Mond family (per. 1867–1973)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press. [1] Retrieved on 9 March 2007.
  3. ^ "Mond, Alfred Moritz". Who's Who, 59: p. 1241. 1907. 
  4. ^ ICI's first chairman Sir Alfred Mond, Picture Stockton, retrieved 25 June 2007 
  5. ^ Bolitho, Alfred Mond: First Lord Melchett; Carmarthen Record Office, Dynevor Papers"
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28400. pp. 5391–5392. 26 July 1910.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 29728. p. 4187. 13 June 1913.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33395. p. 4180. 19 June 1928.
  9. ^ Weintraub, Bob, Alfred Mond (Lord Melchett): Great Zionist Leader, The Israel Chemical Society, p. 6, retrieved 25 June 2007 
  10. ^ Tel Mond, Israel, Sarasota Sister Cities Association, retrieved 25 June 2007 
  11. ^ Shamir, Ronen (2013) Current Flow: The Electrification of Palestine. Stanford: Stanford University Press, pp. 121, 127, 134
  12. ^ www.bartleby.com
  13. ^ "Aldous Huxley's Bokanovsky ("Bokanowski" de Aldous Huxley)".  

References

See also

Arms of Alfred Mond, 1st Baron Melchett
Notes
Coat of arms of the Mond family
Coronet
A coronet of a Baron
Crest
A Demi-Bear holding between the paws a Fountain both proper
Escutcheon
Quarterly: 1st and 4th, Gules a Demi-Lion rampant argent between in chief a Decrescent and an Increscent and in base a Crescent all Or on a Chief Argent an Eagle displayed between two Mullets Sable (Mond); 2nd and 3rd, Azure on a Pile between three Mullets Argent an Eagle displayed Sable (Lowenthal)
Supporters
Dexter: a Doctor of Science of the University of Oxford holding in the exterior hand a Chemical Measure Glass; Sinister: a Labourer holding in the exterior hand a Pick resting on the shoulder, all proper
Motto
Make Yourself Necessary

Coat of arms


Mond is also widely considered to be the inspiration behind Mustapha Mond, one of the ten world controllers in Aldous Huxley's novel Brave New World (1932).[13]

Mond is mentioned in T. S. Eliot's 1920 poem A Cooking Egg.[12]

Literary references

  • Industry and Politics (1927)
  • Imperial Economic Unity (1930)

Publications

In 1894 Mond married Violet Goetze and they had one son, Henry Ludwig, and three daughters. Mond died in his London home in 1930, and his son succeeded in the barony.[2]

The Iconoclast
Sir Alfred Mond: "I'm sorry to have to disturb Your Majesty, but, owing to the shortage of sites—"

(It is understood that a number of London statues, including that of George III in Cockspur Street, are to be removed by the Office of Works to make room for new ones.)
Cartoon from Punch magazine, 18 August 1920.

Personal life

Mond was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1928 and received a number of honorary degrees from Oxford, Paris and other universities.[2]

One of Mond's most enduring contributions to Zionism did not come through direct political means but through his enthusiastic and active support of Pinhas Rutenberg, whom the British Government granted exclusive concessions to produce and distribute electricity in Palestine. Mond sat on the Board of the Palestine Electric Company and actively promoted the case of the company in London's political and industrial circles[11]

He first visited Palestine in 1921 with Chaim Weizmann and subsequently became an enthusiastic Zionist, contributing money to the Jewish Colonization Corporation for Palestine and writing for Zionist publications.[2] He became President of the British Zionist Foundation and made financial contributions to Zionist causes. He was the first President of the Technion in 1925.[9] Melchett founded the town of Tel Mond, now in Israel.[10] Melchett also started building what is now one of the few private houses on the shore of the Sea of Galilee, now known as Villa Melchett. Tel Aviv and several other Israeli cities have a Melchett Street commemorating him.

Mond's father had bequeathed a collection of old master paintings to the National Gallery and Alfred provided housing for them in 1924. In 1929 he provided land in Chelsea for the Chelsea Health Society.[2]

Benefactions, Zionism and honours

Mond was created a Baronet, of Hartford Hill in Great Budworth in the County of Chester, in 1910,[6] and was admitted to the Privy Council in 1913.[2][7] In 1928 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Melchett, of Landford in the County of Southampton.[2][8]

[5][2]

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