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Decatur County, Kansas

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Title: Decatur County, Kansas  
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Subject: List of townships in Kansas, Dresden, Kansas, Jennings, Kansas, Oberlin, Kansas, Norcatur, Kansas
Collection: 1873 Establishments in Kansas, Decatur County, Kansas, Kansas Counties, Populated Places Established in 1873
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Decatur County, Kansas

Decatur County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Decatur County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded March 20, 1873
Named for Stephen Decatur, Jr.
Seat Oberlin
Largest city Oberlin
Area
 • Total 894 sq mi (2,315 km2)
 • Land 894 sq mi (2,315 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (2 km2), 0.07%
Population
 • (2010) 2,961
 • Density 3.3/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Decatur County (county code DC) is a county located in Northwest Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 2,961.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Oberlin.[2] The county is named in honor of Commodore Stephen Decatur, Jr.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Law and government 2
  • Geography 3
    • Adjacent counties 3.1
  • Demographics 4
  • Education 5
    • Unified school districts 5.1
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Unincorporated places 6.2
    • Townships 6.3
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • Further reading 9
  • External links 10

History

The county was established March 20, 1873 and organized on December 15, 1879. It is named for the Navy war hero Commodore Stephen Decatur, Jr.,[3] who served during the First Barbary War and the Second Barbary War and the War of 1812. Oberlin was the site of the last Native American (specifically the Northern Cheyenne) Raid in Kansas.

Law and government

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 2002, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 894 square miles (2,320 km2), of which 894 square miles (2,320 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.07%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[11] there were 3,472 people, 1,494 households, and 981 families residing in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,821 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.87% White, 0.52% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.98% of the population.

There were 1,494 households out of which 25.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 5.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.30% were non-families. 32.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 4.70% from 18 to 24, 22.90% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 26.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,257, and the median income for a family was $34,982. Males had a median income of $25,139 versus $17,368 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,348. About 8.00% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.20% of those under age 18 and 6.30% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Unified school districts

  • Oberlin USD 294
  • Prairie Heights USD 295, dissolved as of July 1, 2006; absorbed by USD 294.

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Decatur County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated places

Townships

Decatur County is divided into twenty-five townships. The city of Oberlin is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Allison 01300 39 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.01%
Altory 01650 16 0 (0) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0%
Bassettville 04475 26 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0%
Beaver 05050 86 1 (2) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.11%
Center 11650 60 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.03%
Cook 15375 44 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.08%
Custer 16850 27 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.04%
Dresden 18625 141 2 (4) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.01%
Finley 23425 39 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0%
Garfield 25525 41 0 (1) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0%
Grant 27600 31 0 (1) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.07%
Harlan 30050 51 1 (1) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.05%
Jennings 35400 173 2 (5) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.34%
Liberty 39975 48 1 (1) 91 (35) 0 (0) 0.03%
Lincoln 40600 203 2 (6) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.02%
Logan 41825 52 1 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0%
Lyon 43450 24 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0%
Oberlin 52025 91 1 (3) 89 (34) 0 (0) 0.08%
Olive 52675 68 1 (2) 92 (35) 1 (0) 0.65%
Pleasant Valley 56525 46 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.05%
Prairie Dog 57475 50 1 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.01%
Roosevelt 61025 32 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.07%
Sappa 63050 43 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.04%
Sherman 64900 25 0 (1) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.01%
Summit 69075 22 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.09%
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 102. 
  4. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder".  

Further reading

  • History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
  • Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook), (Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)

External links

  • Decatur County, Blue Skyways
  • Kansas Statistical Abstract
Maps
  • Decatur County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
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