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Kopp's law

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Kopp's law

Hermann Kopp

Kopp's law can refer to either of two relationships discovered by the German chemist Hermann Franz Moritz Kopp (1817–1892).

  1. Kopp found "that the molecular heat capacity of a solid compound is the sum of the atomic heat capacities of the elements composing it; the elements having atomic heat capacities lower than those required by the law of Dulong and Petit retain these lower values in their compounds."[1]
  2. In studying organic compounds, Kopp found a regular relationship between boiling points and the number of CH2 groups present.[2]

Kopp–Neumann law

Kopp–Neumann law states that the specific heat C per unit mass (in J•kg−1•K−1) for alloys can be calculated from the following equation:

C=\sum_{i=1}^N(C_i \cdot f_i)

where: i - subsequent numbers from 1 to N, N - total number of alloy constituents, Ci and fi - specific heat and mass fraction of the i-th constituent.


  • Frederick Seitz, The Modern Theory of Solids, McGraw-Hill, New York, USA, 1940, ASIN: B000OLCK08
  1. ^ See page 96 of Millard, Earl Bowman (1921). Physical Chemistry for Colleges. New York: McGraw-Hill. 
  2. ^ See page 942 of Miller, William Allen (1869). Elements of Chemistry. London: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer. 

Further reading

  • Thorpe, T. E. (1901). "The Life Work of Hermann Kopp". Memorial lectures delivered before the Chemical Society 25: 774–815. 

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