Presidents of Moldova

The President of the Republic of Moldova is the head of state of Moldova. The current President of Moldova is Nicolae Timofti, who assumed office on 23 March 2012.

Description

According to the Article 77 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the President of Moldova is the head of the State and represents the State and is the guarantor of national sovereignty, independence, and the unity and territorial integrity of the nation. The President is indirectly elected by the Parliament of Moldova to a four-year term; a candidate must get at least 61 votes to be elected. Presidents are limited to two terms. Nicolae Timofti was elected President by the Parliament on 16 March, 2012.

Acting president

The Acting President of Moldova (Romanian: Preşedinte interimar al Republicii Moldova) is a person who fulfills the duties of President of Moldova when cases of incapacity and vacancy occur. It is a temporary post provided by the Constitution of Moldova.

According to Article 91 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

Suspension from office

According to Article 89 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

  • (1) In the event where the president of the Republic of Moldova commits grave offenses infringing upon constitutional provisions, he may be suspended from office by Parliament if two-thirds of the members cast their vote in support of suspension.
  • (2) The motion requesting the suspension from office must be initiated by at least one third of the members, and it must be brought to the knowledge of the President without delay. The President may give explanations on the actions for which he is being censured before parliament.
  • (3) If the motion requesting suspension from office meets with approval, a national referendum shall be organized within 30 days for removing the President from office.

Vacancy

According to Article 90 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

  • (1) The office of the President of the Republic of Moldova may become vacant in consequence of expiry of the presidential mandate, resignation from office, removal from office, definite impossibility of executing his duties, or death.
  • (2) The request to remove the President of the Republic of Moldova from office will be brought forward in Parliament, which will pass a decision on that request.
  • (3) Within 3 months from the date when the presidential office was announced as vacant elections for a new President will be held in accordance with the law.

List of Presidents of Moldova

Moldavian Democratic Republic (1917–1918)

Party

      Bessarabian Peasants' Party

Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party
1 Ion Inculeț December 15 [O.S. December 2] 1917 April 9 [O.S. March 27] 1918 Bessarabian Peasants' Party

Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (1940–1991)

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

  • Fyodor Brovko (28 June 1940 – 29 March 1951)
  • Ivan Koditsa (29 March 1951 – 5 April 1963)
  • Kirill Ilyashenko (5 April 1963 – 10 April 1980)
  • Ivan Călin (10 April 1980 – 24 December 1985)
  • Alexandru Moșanu (24 December 1985 – 12 July 1989)
  • Ivan Ceban (12 July 1989 – 29 July 1989)
  • Mircea Ion Snegur (29 July 1989 – 27 April 1990)

First Secretaries of the Moldavian Communist Party

Chairman of the Supreme Soviet

Party

      PCM

Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party
1 Mircea Snegur 27 April 1990 3 September 1990 Communist Party of Moldova

Republic of Moldova (1991–present)

Parties

      PDAM       PCRM       PL       PLDM       PDM       Independent

Status
  Acting President
Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party
1 Mircea Snegur 3 September 1990 15 January 1997 Independent
style="background:;"| 2 Petru Lucinschi 15 January 1997 7 April 2001 Democratic Agrarian Party of Moldova
3 Vladimir Voronin 7 April 2001 11 September 2009 Party of Communists
Mihai Ghimpu
(acting)
11 September 2009 28 December 2010 Liberal Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Vlad Filat
(acting)
28 December 2010 30 December 2010 Liberal Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Marian Lupu
(acting)
30 December 2010 23 March 2012 Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
4 Nicolae Timofti 23 March 2012 Incumbent Independent

See also

External links

  • Official website of the President of Moldavia
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