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Unity Party of Russia

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Title: Unity Party of Russia  
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Subject: Vladimir Putin, Yevgeny Primakov, Yury Luzhkov, Sergey Shoygu, Channel One Russia, NTV (Russia), Our Home – Russia, Boris Gryzlov, Conceptual Party Unity, Alexander Gurov (politician)
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Unity Party of Russia

Unity
Единство
Leader Sergey Shoygu
Founded October 15, 1999 (1999-10-15)
Dissolved 2001
Merger of Our Home – Russia (many members)
Merged into United Russia
Headquarters Russia Moscow, Russia
Ideology Centrism
Colors Blue and red
Seats in the State Duma (1999)
Politics of Russia
Elections

Unity ([1] It was also unofficially dubbed "Medved’" (the bear) or "Medvedi" (bears), as "MeDvEd" was an acronym of its full name (Mezhregonalnoye Dvizhenie "Edinstvo"; Interregional movement "Unity"). Later the party adopted a brown bear for its symbol.

The rise of Unity was meteoric given the short time period it had to create an identity, plan its campaign strategy and carry out its ambitious objectives. The establishment of the movement followed a declaration signed by 39 governors expressing their dissatisfaction with the political battles being fought in Russia. The initial meeting of these governors to form a new electoral movement was held on 24 September 1999. It was at this meeting that Minister of Emergency Situations Sergey Shoygu was selected as Unity’s leader.

Prime Minister Putin immediately pledged support for the new bloc, saying it could help stabilize the political situation in Russia. On November 24, 1999 he told reporters that in his capacity as premier, he "should not define his political preferences" with respect to election blocs but "as an ordinary citizen" he will vote for Unity. The party’s leading candidates in Sergey Dorenko's Program".

The Unity party had no clear ideology or program beyond its support of the war in Chechnya. [3]

In the 1999 State Duma elections on December 19, Unity received 23.32 percent of the vote and won 72 of 441 seats (second result after the Communist Party of the Russian Federation). Boris Gryzlov leader of its faction.

The party supported Vladimir Putin in the 2000 presidential elections.

In April 2001 the Unity party and the Fatherland - All Russia movement took the decision to unite into a single political party, United Russia.

External links

  • Sudden rise of the Unity party, BBC News, 20.12.1999
  • Interregional political movement "Unity"("Edinstvo"). An analysis of recent trends in Russian politics
  • Political groups and parties: Unity
  • Results of previous Duma elections
  • Yedinstvo (Medved’) (In Russian)
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