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1964 Summer Paralympics

II Paralympic Games
Host city Tokyo, Japan
Nations participating 21
Athletes participating 375
Events 144 in 9 sports
Opening ceremony November 3
Closing ceremony November 12
Officially opened by Yoshiaki Kasai
Athlete's Oath Shigeo Aono
Paralympic Stadium Oda Field
Summer:
1960 Rome Tel Aviv 1968  >
Winter:
Örnsköldsvik 1976  >

The 1964 Summer Paralympics (第二回パラリンピック冬季競技大会 Dai Ni-kai Pararinpikku Kyōgi Taikai), originally known as the 13th International Stoke Mandeville Games,[1] were the 2nd Paralympic Games to be held. They were held in Tokyo, Japan, they were the last Summer Paralympics to take place in the same city as the Summer Olympics until the 1988 Summer Paralympics. The term "Paralympic Games" was approved by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) first in 1984,[2] while the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) was formed in 1989.

In contrast with the 1960 Games, many events had more than three participants, meaning that athletes were no longer guaranteed a medal upon completing their event.[3]

Also originally known as Paralympic Tokyo 1964.[4]

Tokyo will host the Summer Paralympic Games again in 2020

Contents

  • Sports 1
  • Medal table 2
  • Participating delegations 3
  • Ceremonies 4
  • Media coverage 5
  • Organizing Committee 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Sports

Nine sports were competed at the 1964 games. In athletics, a wheelchair racing event in the form of a 60 m dash was added; previously the athletics program had included only field events. Wheelchair racing has since become one of the most prominent Paralympic events.[5]

Medal table

Athletes from 17 of the 19 National Paralympic Committees (NPCs) won at least one medal. By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a nation have won. The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If nations are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically by IPC country code.

With a few exceptions, each event contributed one medal of each type to the table (although for team events, multiple physical medals were actually awarded). Two bronze medals were awarded in the dartchery, snooker and table tennis events.[6][7][8] Some swimming events did not award silver or bronze medals.[9]

       Host country (Japan)

       First-time Paralympic appearance

  • To sort this table by nation, total medal count, or any other column, click on the icon next to the column title.
Rank NPC Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 50 41 32 123
2 18 23 20 61
3 14 15 16 45
4 12 11 7 30
5 10 5 2 17
6 8 8 3 19
7 7 3 11 21
8 6 15 16 37
9 5 2 5 12
10 4 6 4 14
11 4 2 5 11
12 4 1 7 12
13 1 5 4 10
14 1 0 2 3
15 0 1 0 1
16 0 0 2 2
17 0 0 1 1
Total 144 138 137 419

Fiji also made their debut Paralympic appearance.

Athletes with outstanding performances included Margaret Harriman of Rhodesia who won two gold medals in archery,[10] and Serge Bec of France who won two individuals gold medals, one team gold medal and one team silver medal.[11] Dick Thompson of the United Kingdom won two individual golds, one silver and one bronze in athletics.[12] The United States' Ron Stein won six golds and South Africa's Daniel Erasmus won two golds and two silvers in athletics.[12]

Participating delegations

Nineteen delegations participated in the Tokyo Paralympics.[13]

The 1964 Games marked South Africa's Paralympic Games début. The country had just been banned from taking part in the Olympic Games, due to its policy of apartheid, and was thus absent from the 1964 Summer Olympics. It was not, however, banned from the Paralympics until 1980, and Japan (as host country) did not oppose its participation.[14][15]

Ceremonies

The Opening ceremony was organized in the Oda Field, and the Closing Ceremony at Yoyogi National Gymnasium.[5] About 5000 spectators were present at both of the ceremonies.[5] Akihito and Empress Michiko were present in both of them.[5]

Members of the Australian Team march at the Opening Ceremony of the Tokyo 1964 Summer Paralympic Games

Media coverage

Earlier it was thought that the Games might not get much media coverage, due to the focus on the Olympic Games, but both radio and television media gave high coverage to the Games.[5]

Organizing Committee

  • The Tokyo Games For The Physically Handicapped - Paralympic Tokyo 1964 (Japanese)

External links

  1. ^ a b c d e The Thirteenth International Stoke Mandeville Games for The Paralysed, dinf.ne.jp, March 17, 1999
  2. ^ Rome 1960, International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
  3. ^ IPC searchable database
  4. ^ History and Use of the Term Paralympic, International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
  5. ^ a b c d e "Tokyo 1964".  
  6. ^ "Medallists Tokyo 1964 Paralympic Games Dartchery". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 12 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "Medallists Tokyo 1964 Paralympic Games Snooker". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 12 May 2011. 
  8. ^ "Medallists Tokyo 1964 Paralympic Games Table Tennis". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 12 May 2011. 
  9. ^ "Medallists Tokyo 1964 Paralympic Games Swimming". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 12 May 2011. 
  10. ^ "Medallists-Tokyo 1964 Paralympic Games-Archery". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 17 March 2012. 
  11. ^ "Medallists-Tokyo 1964 Paralympic Games-Wheelchair Fencing". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 17 March 2012. 
  12. ^ a b "Medallists-Tokyo 1964 Paralympic Games-Athletics". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 17 March 2012. 
  13. ^ "Medal Standings - Tokyo 1964 Paralympic Games".  
  14. ^ "'The Netherlands against Apartheid' - 1970s", International Institute of Social History
  15. ^ South Africa at the Paralympics, International Paralympic Committee

References

[1] and the secretary general was K. Ujiie.[1]

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