World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Aju

Article Id: WHEBN0019156670
Reproduction Date:

Title: Aju  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mongol invasions of Vietnam, Mongol conquest of the Song dynasty, Battle of Xiangyang, Mongol invasion of China, Mahmud Yalavach
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Aju

Aju (or Achu) (1227–1287) was a general and chancellor of the Mongol Empire and the Yuan Dynasty. He was from the Jarchud clan of the Mongol Uriankhai. His grandfather was Subutai, the honored general and Noyan of Genghis Khan; his father was Uryankhadai.

In 1253 he followed his father and subdued western Chinese people and conquered the Kingdom of Dali. Uryankhadai and Aju led 3,000 Mongols and more than 10,000 troops from Dali tribes to northern Vietnam in 1255. The king of the Trần Dynasty agreed to send tribute after his defeat in open battle;[1] this lasted until the reign of Kublai.[2]

He and his father supported the Great Khan Möngke and Kublai's forces in 1258. Aju commanded a tumen, 10,000 men in his earlier career. They conquered 13 cities within 2 years and destroyed 40,000 troops of the Song Dynasty while his father was ill. After the occupation of Chingzhoua and Yovajiyu, Uryankhadai met prince Kublai at Echjou.

When Kublai succeeded the throne in 1260, Aju stayed in his palace. The following year, he was ordered to lead Yuan troops in Lianshui (涟水). He crushed Song armies and navies from 1261 to 1275. He captured Fancheng (樊城) by using Khotan artillery during the Battle of Xiangyang and its governor committed suicide.

In 1276, Aju was appointed to defend Beshbalik from Kaidu, a grandson of Ögedei. He died after the defeat of prince Sarban, who revolted against his master Kublai, in 1287. But some sources mention he died en route in 1286.

References

  1. ^ Connolly, P. (1998) p. 332
  2. ^ René Grousset Empire of Steppes, Encyclopedia of Mongolia and Mongol Empire: see "Aju"
  • Christopher P. E. Atwood Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol Empire
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.