World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Attorney General of Hawaii

 

Attorney General of Hawaii

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Hawaii

The Attorney General of Hawaii is the chief legal and law enforcement officer of Hawaii. In present-day statehood within the United States, he or she is appointed by the elected governor with the approval of the state senate and is responsible for a state department charged with advising the various other departments and agencies of state government. He or she is responsible for the prosecution of offenses to the constitution and prescribed laws called Hawaii Revised Statutes. The Attorney General can only be removed by an act of the state senate. In rare occasions, the Attorney General serves as acting governor in the absence of both the governor and lieutenant governor from the state for an extended period of time.

The office has existed in several forms throughout the history of the Hawaiian Organic Act and made an appointed office after statehood was achieved in 1959.

Though a non-partisan office, in territorial days the office of Attorney General has traditionally been appointed from the political party of the sitting President of the United States who appoints the territorial governor. Similarly in statehood, the office of Attorney General has traditionally been appointed from the incumbent governor's political party, usually Republican or Democrat.

The current Attorney General is David M. Louie, who was appointed by Governor Neil Abercrombie.

Contents

  • Agencies 1
  • History 2
    • Origins 2.1
    • Revival 2.2
    • Controversies 2.3
  • List of Attorneys General 3
    • Kingdom of Hawaii 3.1
    • Republic of Hawaii 3.2
    • Territory of Hawaii 3.3
    • State of Hawaii 3.4
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Agencies

The Attorney General presides over an executive department administered from 425 Queen Street in the state capital of Honolulu, in a historic district that includes Aliʻiōlani Hale, Hawaii State Capitol, Honolulu Hale, ʻIolani Palace, Kamehameha Statue, Kawaiahaʻo Church, Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace, St. Andrew's Cathedral, Territorial Building and Washington Place. The department also has relative offices elsewhere.

The department oversees various public services. These include the processing of Hawaii State Identification Cards and administering the Hawaii Criminal Justice Data Center, running the Missing Child Center, Child Support Enforcement Agency, Hawaii Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force, Hawaii Internet and Technology Crimes Unit, Office of Child Support Hearings, Tobacco Enforcement Unit, among others.[1] In accordance with Chapter 846E of the Hawaii Revised Statutes, the Criminal Justice Data Center maintains a registry of sex offenders in the state and publishes information like the following: name, prior names, aliases, nicknames and pseudonyms, year of birth and alias year of births, physical description including scars and tattoos, photograph, residence, temporary and future addresses, personal vehicles(s) driven, street name of employment and volunteer location, college/university affiliation, and crime for which convicted, judgment of conviction, judgment of acquittal, or judicial determination of unfitness to proceed for which the offender is registered, and the provision of law defining the criminal offense.[2] Likewise, the agency provides other criminal history information through the statewide criminal history record information system and Automated Fingerprint Identification System.[3]

History

Origins

Charles Coffin Harris was one of the first attorneys general and was instrumental in the creation and promulgation of the 1864 Constitution under Kamehameha V.
Prussian-born Paul Neumann served as Attorney General of Hawaii under Liliuokalani. In Washington, D.C., he argued against the overthrow of the monarchy. He later defended the deposed queen in trial for misprision of treason. She was convicted.
William Owen Smith (third from left) was Attorney General of the provisional government and succeeding Republic of Hawaii. From left to right: Interior Minister James A. King, President Sanford B. Dole, Smith, Finance Minister Peter Cushman Jones.
Herbert Young Cho Choy served as a territorial Attorney General. He was the first Korean American to be admitted to the bar and the first Asian American to serve as Federal judge. During his tenure on the U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit, there were no other Asians sitting on any Federal bench.

William Little Lee.

Revival

On August 26, 1862, Kamehameha IV revived the office and appointed Charles Coffin Harris as Attorney General.[10] Having an attorney general proved useful on constitutional matters. Kamehameha V insisted on a new constitution that would restore some of the power to the monarchy that had been lost over time. Harris issued his legal opinion that the king had such a right and produced an early draft. A constitutional convention failed to reach agreement, so Harris got the cabinet to negotiate directly with Kamehameha V leading to the promulgation of the 1864 Constitution.[11]

Controversies

A more modern controversy happened with the failed 1998 confirmation by the state senate of popular sitting Attorney General Margery Bronster, as political payback for her actions to reform the corrupt Kamehameha Schools/Bishop Estate whose trustees were friends of various powerful legislators, many Hawaiʻi residents called for the right to elect the attorney general. Several attempts failed to create the constitutional amendment.

List of Attorneys General

The Attorneys General with dates of service:[10]

Kingdom of Hawaii

Republic of Hawaii

Territory of Hawaii

  • Henry Ernest Cooper, 1899–1900
  • Edmund Pearson Dole, 1900–1903
  • Lorrin Andrews, 1903–1905
  • Emil C. Peters, 1905–1907
  • Charles R. Hemenway, 1907–1910
  • Alexander Lindsay, Jr., 1910–1912
  • Wade Warren Thayer, 1913–1914
  • Ingram M. Stainback, 1914–1918
  • Arthur G. Smith, 1918
  • Harry Irwin, 1918–1922
  • John A. Matthewman, 1922–1925
  • William B. Lymer, 1925–1928
  • Harry P. Hewitt, 1928–1934
  • William B. Pittman, 1934–1936
  • S.B. Kemp, 1937–1938
  • Joseph V. Hodgson, 1938–1942
  • Ernest K. Kai, 1942
  • J. Garner Anthony, 1942–1943
  • Cyrus Nils Tavares, 1944–1947
  • Walter D. Ackerman, Jr., 1947–1952
  • Michiro Watanabe, 1952–1953
  • Edward N. Sylva, 1953–1956
  • Richard K. Sharpless, 1956–1957
  • Shiro Kashiwa, 1957
  • Herbert Young Cho Choy, 1957–1958
  • Jack H. Mizuha, 1958-1959

State of Hawaii

References

  1. ^ Attorney General's Office
  2. ^ Hawaii Criminal Justice Data Center Sex Offender Search
  3. ^ Hawaii Criminal Justice Data Center
  4. ^ Jon M. Van Dyke (2008). Who owns the Crown lands of Hawaii?.  
  5. ^  
  6. ^ John Ricord, Stephen H. Williams, James F. B. Marshall (1846). Report of the proceedings and evidence in the arbitration between the King and Government of the Hawaiian Islands and Messrs. Ladd & Co., before Messrs. Stephen H. Williams & James F. B. Marshall, arbitrators under compact. C.E. Hitchcock, printer, Hawaiian Government press. 
  7. ^ a b "Ricord, John office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2010-03-12. 
  8. ^ "Passport records". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2010-03-12. 
  9. ^ "Attorney General's Department - Organization of". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2010-03-12. 
  10. ^ a b "Attorney General office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved October 17, 2010. 
  11. ^ Phillip H. Harris (1993). "Charles Coffin Harris: An Uncommon Life in the Law". Hawaiian Journal of History (Hawaiian Historical Society).  
  • Colin Newbury, Linacre College, Oxford University (2001). "Patronage and Bureaucracy in the Hawaiian Kingdom, 1840–1893". Pacific Studies. Brigham Young University Hawaii Campus. pp. 1–38. 

External links

  • iʻConstitution of the State of Hawai
  • iʻOffice of the Attorney General of Hawai
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.