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Barton County, Kansas

Barton County, Kansas
Barton County Courthouse in Great Bend
Map of Kansas highlighting Barton County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Named for Clara Barton
Seat Great Bend
Largest city Great Bend
Area
 • Total 901 sq mi (2,334 km2)
 • Land 895 sq mi (2,318 km2)
 • Water 5.2 sq mi (13 km2), 0.6%
Population
 • (2010) 27,674
 • Density 31/sq mi (12/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .orgbartoncounty

Barton County (standard abbreviation: BT) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 27,674.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Great Bend.[2] The county is named in honor of Clara Barton, responsible for the founding of the American Red Cross.[3]

The Great Bend, KS Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Barton County.

Contents

  • History 1
    • 19th century 1.1
    • 21st century 1.2
  • Law and government 2
  • Geography 3
    • Adjacent counties 3.1
    • Major highways 3.2
  • Demographics 4
  • Education 5
    • Unified school districts 5.1
    • Community colleges 5.2
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Unincorporated communities 6.2
    • Townships 6.3
  • See also 7
  • Further reading 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

19th century

1915 Railroad Map of Barton County

For millennia, the land now known as Kansas was inhabited by Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1867, Barton County was founded. Named for Clara Barton, it is the only Kansas county named for a woman.[4]

In 1878, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and parties from Marion County and McPherson County chartered the Marion and McPherson Railway Company.[5] In 1879, a branch line was built from Florence to McPherson, in 1880 it was extended to Lyons, in 1881 it was extended to Ellinwood.[6] The line was leased and operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The line from Florence to Marion, was abandoned in 1968.[7] In 1992, the line from Marion to McPherson was sold to Central Kansas Railway. In 1993, after heavy flood damage, the line from Marion to McPherson was abandoned. The original branch line connected Florence, Marion, Canada, Hillsboro, Lehigh, Canton, Galva, McPherson, Conway, Windom, Little River, Mitchell, Lyons, Chase, Ellinwood.

21st century

In 2001, an F4 tornado hit Hoisington.

Law and government

Barton County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement. The food sales requirement was removed with voter approval in 2004.[8]

Geography

Barton County was drawn in the shape of a 30-by-30-mile (48 by 48 km) square.[9] According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 901 square miles (2,330 km2), of which 895 square miles (2,320 km2) is land and 5.2 square miles (13 km2) (0.6%) is water.[10] The geographic center of Kansas is located in Barton County.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Sources: National Atlas,[11] U.S. Census Bureau[12]

Demographics

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[18] there were 28,205 people, 11,393 households, and 7,530 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 12,888 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.98% White, 1.15% Black or African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 3.51% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.31% of the population.

There were 11,393 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.90% were non-families. 30.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.00% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,176, and the median income for a family was $39,929. Males had a median income of $28,803 versus $20,428 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,695. About 9.90% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.00% of those under age 18 and 10.90% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Unified school districts

The five school districts are part of the special education area of Barton County called Barton County Special Services.

  • Central Plains USD 112
  • Ellinwood USD 355
  • Great Bend USD 428
  • Hoisington USD 431
  • Otis-Bison USD 403 (Rush County)

Community colleges

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Barton County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Barton County is divided into twenty-two townships. The cities of Ellinwood, Great Bend, and Hoisington are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Albion 00850 58 1 (2) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.05%
Beaver 04975 108 1 (3) 95 (37) 0 (0) 0.05%
Buffalo 09075 490 6 (14) 88 (34) 0 (0) 0.12%
Cheyenne 13025 238 1 (4) 174 (67) 13 (5) 6.80%
Clarence 13475 125 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0%
Cleveland 14025 69 1 (2) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.12%
Comanche 15125 452 3 (7) 167 (64) 0 (0) 0.11%
Eureka 21750 116 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.24%
Fairview 22400 Galatia 129 1 (4) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.03%
Grant 27475 79 1 (2) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.10%
Great Bend 28325 1,839 18 (46) 104 (40) 1 (0) 0.50%
Independent 33975 Claflin 844 9 (24) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.04%
Lakin 38125 299 2 (4) 172 (67) 0 (0) 0.23%
Liberty 39875 321 4 (9) 88 (34) 0 (0) 0.21%
Logan 41750 176 2 (5) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.06%
North Homestead 51200 133 1 (4) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.06%
Pawnee Rock 54900 Pawnee Rock 544 6 (15) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.05%
South Bend 66525 682 7 (19) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.17%
South Homestead 66725 343 4 (10) 90 (35) 1 (0) 1.23%
Union 72025 Susank 128 1 (4) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.20%
Walnut 74825 Albert, Olmitz 474 5 (13) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0%
Wheatland 77600 74 1 (2) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.14%
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

See also

Further reading

Barton County
  • Atlas and Plat Book of Barton County, Kansas; Kenyon Co; 55 pages; 1916.
  • Plat Book of Barton County, Kansas; North West Publishing Co; 47 pages; 1902.
Kansas
  • Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - 54MB PDF), (Volume2 - 53MB PDF), (Volume3 - 33MB PDF)
  • History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883/1976.
Trails
  • The Story of the Marking of the Santa Fe Trail by the Daughters of the American Revolution in Kansas and the State of Kansas; Almira Cordry; Crane Co; 164 pages; 1915.
  • The National Old Trails Road To Southern California, Part 1 (LA to KC); Automobile Club Of Southern California; 64 pages; 1916.

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. p. 153. 
  4. ^ Brackman, Barbara (1997). Kansas Trivia. Thomas Nelson Inc. p. 26. 
  5. ^ Marion County Kansas : Past and Present; Sondra Van Meter; MB Publishing House; LCCN 72-92041; 344 pages; 1972.
  6. ^ Fourth Annual Report of the Board of Railroad Commissioners for the Year Ending December 1, 1886 in State of Kansas; Kansas Publishing House; 1886.
  7. ^ Railway Abandonment 1968
  8. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  9. ^ History of the State of Kansas: Containing a Full Account of Its Growth from an Uninhabited Territory to a Wealthy and Important State. A. T. Andreas. 1883. p. 762. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  11. ^ National Atlas
  12. ^ U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  18. ^ "American FactFinder".  

External links

County
  • Barton County - Official Website
  • Barton County - Directory of Public Officials
  • Barton County - Information, Skyways
Maps
  • Barton County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
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