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Benburb

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Benburb

Benburb
Irish: Beann Bhorb
Benburb is located in Northern Ireland
Benburb
 Benburb shown within Northern Ireland
Irish grid reference
   – Belfast  43 miles 
District Dungannon & South Tyrone
County County Tyrone
Country Northern Ireland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DUNGANNON
Postcode district BT71
Dialling code 028
EU Parliament Northern Ireland
UK Parliament Fermanagh & South Tyrone
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Tyrone

Benburb (from Irish: Beann Borb, meaning "proud/prominent cliff")[1]) is a hamlet and townland in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It lies seven miles from Armagh and nine miles from Dungannon.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Places of interest 2
  • Education 3
  • Demography 4
    • 19th century population 4.1
    • 21st century population 4.2
  • Townland 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

Benburb's Main Street

It is best known, in historical terms, for the Battle of Benburb that took place there in 1646. This was fought between the armies of Confederate Ireland led by Owen Roe O'Neill and the Scottish Covenanters led by Munro. The battle resulted in a crushing victory for O'Neill's men at the townland of Drumflugh around a mile outside the village. It was commemorated in the ballad "The Battle of Benburb".

Since the Battle of Benburb was a rare 17th-century Irish military victory, after Irish independence the new Irish nationalist government named a street in Dublin's north inner city after the battle. Benburb Street runs between Queen Street and Blackhall Place. There is also a Benburb Street in south Belfast just off the Donegall Road.[2]

In later years Benburb became known for its linen production, as did many areas in the North and later still for agriculture, most notably apple farming, and mushroom production.

Benburb was the home of the 17th century poet Maurice O'Dugan (fl.1660), who was reputed to have written the poems Gluas do chabhlach, Bhi Eoghan air buile, Faraoir chaill Eire a céile fircheart and the famous air The Coolin.[3]

Places of interest

The village is also home to the impressive Benburb Castle built in 1611 by Sir Richard Wingfield on a limestone cliff overlooking the River Blackwater, the border between County Tyrone and County Armagh. The castle is in excellent condition having been recently restored and stands in the grounds of the imposing Servite Priory, a religious order based in the village. Benburb is also located on the Ulster Canal.

Education

  • Benburb Primary School
  • Benburb Community Playgroup

Demography

19th century population

The population of the village decreased during the 19th century:[4][5]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 330 253 275 192 222 241
Houses 63 63 60 45 49 58

21st century population

Benburb in the Northern Ireland UK Census in 2011 was classified as a Hamlet, with a population of 598 people.

  • 8.9% were 18 or younger
  • 11.7% were aged 60 and over
  • 40.0% were male
  • 60.0% were female
  • 55.6% were from a Catholic background
  • 25.4% were from a Protestant background
  • 19.0% stated another Religion or had no religion

Townland

The townland is situated in the historic barony of Dungannon Middle and the civil parish of Clonfeacle and covers an area of 185 acres.[6]

The population of the townland declined during the 19th century:[7][8]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 64 58 - 56 121 35
Houses 12 12 - 13 24 10

The increase seen in the 1881 Census was ascribed mainly to the building of houses for millworkers.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Benburb". Place Names NI. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  2. ^ Google Maps
  3. ^ Dictionary of National Biography, v.41 (1895), p.458
  4. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "Townlands of County Tyrone". IreAtlas Townland Database. Retrieved 28 December 2012. 
  7. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 28 December 2012. 
  8. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 28 December 2012. 

External links

  • Ulster Canal, Benburb
  • Benburb Castle
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