World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Children's Crusade (1963)

Article Id: WHEBN0004312980
Reproduction Date:

Title: Children's Crusade (1963)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of Birmingham, Alabama, History of Alabama, History of African-American civil rights, Protest marches
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Children's Crusade (1963)

The Birmingham Children's Crusade was a march by hundreds of school students in James Bevel, the purpose of the march was to walk downtown to talk to the mayor about segregation in their city. Many children left their schools and were arrested, set free, and then arrested again the next day. The marches were stopped by the head of police "Bull Connor" who brought fire hoses to ward off the children and set police dogs after the children.

Malcolm X was opposed to the event because he thought it would expose the children to violence. He said, "Real men don't put their children on the firing line."

A pivotal civil rights campaign was fought in Birmingham, the most segregated city in the US. Fire hoses and dogs were used to prevent the students from meeting the mayor. The students remained nonviolent. This event prompted President John F. Kennedy to publicly fully support racial equality, and led to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

See also


  • Clayborne Carson, ed., The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr., (New York, NY: Warner Books, Inc., 1998)
  • M. S. Handler, "Malcolm X Terms Dr. King’s Tactics Futile," New York Times, May 11, 1963
  • Request download ticket at bottom of page Rev. James Bevel speaks about Dr. King attending first children rally in Birmingham, AL. From the Helen L. Bevel Archives.
Folk music
  • Phil Ochs, song, Talking Birmingham Jam, performed at the Newport Folk Festival, July 26-28, 1963, released on Newport Broadside, 1964 and Live at Newport, 1966.
  • Children's Crusade in the King Encyclopedia
  • The Birmingham Campaign – Civil Rights Movement Veterans

Further reading

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.