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Cuyahoga County

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Cuyahoga County

Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Cuyahoga County Courthouse
Seal of Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Seal
Ohio

Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded June 7, 1807[1]
Named for "crooked river" possibly in Algonquian
Seat Cleveland
Largest city Cleveland
Area
 • Total 1,245.59 sq mi (3,226 km2)
 • Land 457.19 sq mi (1,184 km2)
 • Water 788.40 sq mi (2,042 km2), 63.30%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 1,265,111
 • Density 2,800/sq mi (1,081/km²)
Congressional district , ,
Time zone
Website

Cuyahoga County (/ˌk.əˈhɒɡə/ or /ˌk.əˈhɡə/)[2][3][4][5] is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States. It is the most populous county in Ohio; according to the 2010 census, it has a population of 1,280,122 which is a decrease of 8.2% from 1,393,978 in 2000.[6] Its county seat is Cleveland.[7] Cuyahoga County is part of Greater Cleveland, a metropolitan area, and Northeast Ohio, a thirteen-county region, joined together in economic development initiatives. The county is named after the Iroquoian word Cuyahoga, which means 'crooked river'.[8] The name is also assigned to the Cuyahoga River, which bisects the county. Former U.S. President James A. Garfield was born in what was Cuyahoga County's Orange Township.

History

Cuyahoga County was organized on June 7, 1807.[9] It was later reduced by the creation of Huron, Lake, and Lorain Counties.[10] It was named after the Cuyahoga River.


Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 1,245.59 square miles (3,226.1 km2), of which 457.19 square miles (1,184.1 km2) (or 36.70%) is land and 788.40 square miles (2,041.9 km2) (or 63.30%) is water.[11] A portion of Cuyahoga Valley National Park is located in the southeastern portion of the county.

Major highways

  • Interstate 71
  • Interstate 271
  • Interstate 77
  • Interstate 80
  • Interstate 480
  • Interstate 90
  • Interstate 490
  • U.S. Route 6
  • U.S. Route 20
  • U.S. Route 42
  • U.S. Route 322
  • U.S. Route 422

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18101,459
18206,328333.7%
183010,37363.9%
184026,506155.5%
185048,09981.5%
186078,03362.2%
1870132,01069.2%
1880196,94349.2%
1890309,97057.4%
1900439,12041.7%
1910637,42545.2%
1920943,49548.0%
19301,201,45527.3%
19401,217,2501.3%
19501,389,53214.2%
19601,647,89518.6%
19701,721,3004.5%
19801,498,400−12.9%
19901,412,140−5.8%
20001,393,978−1.3%
20101,280,122−8.2%
Est. 20121,265,111−1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
2012 Estimate[6]


As of the 2010 Census, there were 1,280,122 people, 571,457 households, and 319,996 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,800 people per square mile (1,081/km²). There were 621,763 housing units at an average density of 1,346 per square mile (520/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 63.6% White, 29.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.6% Asian (0.9% Indian, 0.7% Chinese, 0.3% Filipino, 0.2% Korean, 0.2% Vietnamese, 0.1% Japanese), 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.8% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. 4.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race (3.1% Puerto Rican, 0.7% Mexican, 0.1% Dominican, 0.1% Guatemalan).[13] 16.5% were of German, 12.8% Irish, 8.8% Italian, 8.1% Polish, 6.1% English, 3.1% Hungarian, and 3.1% Puerto Rican ancestries.

There are also sizable numbers of Slovaks (3%), Russians (1.7%), Czechs (1.6%), French, either from France or Canada (1.4%), Arabs (1.4%), Scots (1.4%), Ukrainians (1.2%), Scandinavian (1.1%), and Greeks (0.7%). 88.4% spoke English, 3.7% Spanish, and 4.9% some other Indo-European language.[14] 7.3% of the population were foreign-born (of which 44.4% were born in Europe, 36.3% Asia, and 12.1% Latin America).[14][15]

There were 571,457 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.40% were married couples living together, 15.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.90% were non-families. 32.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,603, and the median income for a family was $58,631. The per capita income for the county was $26,263. About 10.30% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.40% of those under age 18 and 9.30% of those age 65 or over.[16][17]

Government

Main articles: Cuyahoga County Council and Ohio county government

Cuyahoga County had long been led by a three-member Board of County Commissioners. However, on November 3, 2009, county voters overwhelmingly approved the adoption of a county charter form of government, which replaced the three-commissioner form of county government with an elected county executive and an 11-member county council. Each council member represents a single district; there are no at-large districts. Summit County is the only other Ohio county with this form of government.

In the November 2, 2010 election, Lakewood mayor Ed FitzGerald defeated Matt Dolan to become the first Cuyahoga County Executive.[18] The first Cuyahoga County Council was also elected, with Democrats winning the majority (8-3) over the Republicans.[19]

Politics

Cuyahoga County is heavily Democratic in voter registration.

Presidential election results, 1960–2008
Year Democrat Republican
2008 68.50% 441,836 30.44% 196,369
2004 66.57% 448,503 32.89% 221,600
2000 62.62% 359,913 33.42% 192,099
1996 60.75% 341,357 29.15% 163,770
1992 52.72% 337,548 29.24% 187,186
1988 58.79% 353,401 40.33% 242,439
1984 55.65% 362,626 43.60% 284,094
1980 50.02% 307,448 41.47% 254,883
1976 56.03% 349,186 41.01% 255,594
1972 48.15% 317,670 49.94% 329,493
1968 53.95% 363,540 35.44% 238,791
1964 71.50% 492,911 28.50% 196,436
1960 59.83% 429,030 40.17% 288,056

Communities


Cities

Villages


Townships

Parks

Cuyahoga County is served by the Cleveland Metroparks system. Its 16 reservations provide more than 21,000 acres (8,500 ha) of green space and recreational amenities.[20] The county is home to part of Cuyahoga Valley National Park, which extends southward into Summit County.

See also

Cleveland, Ohio portal

References

External links

  • Cuyahoga County Home Page
  • Cuyahoga County Planning Commission

Coordinates: 41°32′N 81°40′W / 41.54°N 81.66°W / 41.54; -81.66

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