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Derek Barton

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Title: Derek Barton  
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Subject: List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation, Robert Burns Woodward, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, George Porter, Vladimir Prelog
Collection: 1918 Births, 1998 Deaths, Academics of Birkbeck, University of London, Academics of Imperial College London, Alumni of Imperial College London, British Physical Chemists, Chevaliers of the Légion D'Honneur, English Nobel Laureates, Fellows of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Fellows of the Royal Society, Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Foreign Members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Harvard University Staff, Knights Bachelor, Members of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Nobel Laureates in Chemistry, Organic Chemists, People Educated at Gravesend Grammar School, People Educated at King's School, Rochester, People Educated at Tonbridge School, People from Gravesend, Kent, Place of Birth Missing, Recipients of the Copley Medal, Royal Medal Winners, Texas A&M University Faculty
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Derek Barton

Sir Derek Barton
Born (1918-09-08)8 September 1918
Gravesend, Kent
Died 16 March 1998(1998-03-16) (aged 79)
College Station, Texas, USA
Resting place La Grange Cemetery, Texas
Nationality  United Kingdom
Fields Chemistry
Institutions Imperial College London,
Institut de Chimie des Substances Naturelles,
Texas A&M University,
Birkbeck College London
Alma mater Imperial College London
Doctoral advisor Ian Heilbron
Known for Barton reaction
Barton decarboxylation
Barton–McCombie deoxygenation
Barton–Zard synthesis
Notable awards Davy Medal (1961)
Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1969)
Royal Medal (1972)
Knight Bachelor (1972)
Copley Medal (1980)
Priestley Medal (1995)
Insignia of a Knight Bachelor

Sir Derek Harold Richard Barton Nobel Prize laureate for 1969.[2]

Contents

  • Biography 1
    • Honours 1.1
  • References 2
  • External links 3

Biography

Barton was born in Gravesend, Kent, to William Thomas and Maude Henrietta Barton (née Lukes).

He attended Albright and Wilson in Birmingham. He then became Assistant Lecturer in the Department of Chemistry of Imperial College, and from 1946 to 1949 he was ICI Research Fellow.

During 1949 and 1950 he was Visiting Lecturer in Natural Products Chemistry at conformation based upon results accumulated by chemical physicists, in particular by Odd Hassel. Using this new technique of conformational analysis, he later determined the geometry of many other natural product molecules. In 1969, Barton shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Odd Hassel for "contributions to the development of the concept of conformation and its application in chemistry."

In 1958 Professor Barton was appointed Arthur D. Little Visiting Professor of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and in 1959 Karl Folkers Visiting Professor of Illinois and Wisconsin Universities. In 1960 he was appointed a Visiting Professor of the University of California, Berkeley, spending much of his time with the W.H. Dauben Group. The same year he was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.[3]

In 1949 he was the first recipient of the Royal Society of Chemistry. In 1954 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and the International Academy of Science as well as, in 1956, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh; in 1965 he was appointed member of the Council for Scientific Policy. He was knighted in 1972, becoming formally styled Sir Derek in Britain. In 1978 he became Director of the Institut de Chimie des Substances Naturelles (ICSN - Gif Sur-Yvette) in France.

In 1977, on the occasion of the centenary of the Royal Institute of Chemistry, the British Post Office honoured him, and 5 other Nobel Prize-winning British chemists, with a series of 4 postage stamps featuring aspects of their discoveries.[4]

In 1986 he became Distinguished Professor at Texas A&M University and held this position for 12 years until his death.

In 1996, Professor Barton published a comprehensive volume of his works, entitled Reason and Imagination: Reflections on Research in Organic Chemistry.

As well as for his work on conformation, his name is remembered in a number of reactions in organic chemistry such as the Barton reaction, the Barton decarboxylation, and the Barton-McCombie deoxygenation.

Sir Derek married three times, and had a son by his first marriage; he died at College Station, Texas.

Honours

References

  1. ^ Ley, S. V.; Myers, R. M. (2002). "Sir Derek Harold Richard Barton. 8 September 1918 - 16 March 1998".  
  • ^ Albert Cotton, F. (2000). "Derek H. R. Barton, 8 September 1918 · 16 March 1998". Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 144 (3): 292–296.  
  • ^ "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter B" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 19 May 2011. 
  • ^ New Scientist 10 Feb. 1977 p. 319
  • External links

    • Barton's Nobel Foundation biography
    • Barton's Nobel Lecture The Principles of Conformational Analysis
    • Video podcast of Barton talking about conformational analysis
    • MDPI biography
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