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Human Rights Day

Human Rights Day
Human Rights Logo, unveiled in New York on 23 September 2011
Also called HDR
Observed by UN Members
Celebrations United Nations
Begins 1948
Date 10 December
Next time 10 December 2016 (2016-12-10)
Frequency annual

Human Rights Day is celebrated annually across the world on 10 December.

The date was chosen to honour the

  • Human Rights Day (UN)
  • Vice Chancellor Sangam University Bhilwara Speaks on Human Rights Day at JMA Pilani Rajasthan

External links

  1. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 5 Resolution 423(V). A/RES/423(V) 4 December 1950. Retrieved 29 October 2009.
  2. ^ Office of the High Commission for Human Rights (2009). "The History of Human Rights Day". Retrieved 29 October 2009. 
  3. ^ Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). "Human Rights Day 2014 #Rights 365". United Nations Human Rights. OHCHR. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  4. ^ Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). "HUMAN RIGHTS DAY 2013". United Nations Human Rights. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  5. ^ United Nations. "Human Rights Day, 10 December". United Nations Department of Public Information. Retrieved 25 March 2015. 
  6. ^ "Human Rights Day 2011"
  7. ^ "International Human Rights Day Marks Progress and Setbacks - Human rights advocates say the world has come a long way but some countries can do better"
  8. ^ Calling in 'Gay' to Work Is Latest Form of Protest" ABC News""". Retrieved 9 December 2008. 
  9. ^ "Chinese police detain protesters", BBC, 10 December 2008.
  10. ^ "Write4Rights". Retrieved 9 December 2008. 
  11. ^ "Abuses persist as UN rights declaration turns 60", AFP, 10 December 2008.
  12. ^ "Inequality is fuelling rights violations, UN warns govt", 10 December 2008.
  13. ^ "International Human Rights Day marked in Russia", ITAR-TASS, 10 December 2008.
  14. ^ "Students celebrate Human Rights Day", Times of India, 10 December 2008.
  15. ^ Catan, Thomas and Crooks, Nathan (11 December 2006). "General Pinochet, 91, dies awaiting trial for murder".  
  16. ^ "A global campaign against Internet censorship and the long-term imprisonment of journalists in Asia". PEN American Center. Retrieved 15 December 2006. 
  17. ^ "On the occasion of Human Rights Day, the UN, Inter-American and African protection mechanisms call on governments to protect human rights defenders." (Press release). Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. 10 December 2004. Retrieved 15 December 2006. 
  18. ^ "Satellite Imagery for Conflict Prevention and Human Rights: An Event in Honor of Human Rights Day 2006". The American Association for the Advancement of Science, Science and Human Rights Program. 16 June 2006. Retrieved 15 December 2006. 
  19. ^ "Human Rights Day". South African Human Rights Commission. Archived from the original on 23 September 2006. Retrieved 15 December 2006. 


See also

It is celebrated on 11 December in Kiribati.

In South Africa, Human Rights Day is celebrated on 21 March, in remembrance of the Sharpeville massacre which took place on 21 March 1960. This massacre occurred as a result of protests against the Apartheid regime in South Africa.[19]

Date variance

Year Actions
2014 Every day is Human Rights Day is the slogan for the year 2014. Human Rights 365 celebrates the Universal Declaration on Human Rights which states that everyone, everywhere, at all times are entitled to their human rights. Human Rights belong to everyone equally and “binds us together as a global community with the same ideals and values.”[3]
2013 Celebrating twenty years working for your rights was the theme of the 2013 Human Rights Day celebration. Twenty Years ago the creation of the position of the High Commissioner for Human Rights was established which empowered an official, independent voice to speak worldwide for human rights.[4]
2012 Inclusion and the right to participate in public life was the theme of 2012 Human Rights Day. The focus in 2012 was on all people to make their voices heard and be included in political decision making. ″ My Voice Counts″ slogan was seen in the occupy movement around the world in protest of economic, political and social inequality.[5]
2011 Following a year of protest in many countries, from Tunisia to Cairo to the Occupy movement, the theme of 2011 recognized the significance of social media and technology in assisting human rights defenders in new ways. [6]
2009 10 December 2009 marked as 61st anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Tom Malinowsky from Human Rights Watch in the U.S. state of Washington commented that there had been progress in human rights over the last 40 years" "I think there is greater awareness around the world that people have fundamental rights and that those rights are enshrined in both law domestically and internationally".[7]
  • Gay rights activists in the U.S. state of California urged people to support equal rights by "calling in 'gay'" to work.[8] This was in response to the renewed ban on gay marriage when Proposition 8 passed earlier in the year.
  • Several people were detained in China after around 300 people signed an online petition titled Charter 08 for the government to improve human rights in the country. In Beijing, a small protest was broken up that took place outside the foreign ministry.[9]
  • UNYA Australia celebrated Human Rights Day with the write4rights campaign, asking young people to contribute a message about human rights by phone or on a website for display in Australian State capital cities.[10]
  • Paris, France, to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the UN resolution.[11]
  • Celebrations took place in NGOs.[12]
  • Other celebrations and events took place in Russia[13] and India.[14]
2006 In an interesting coincidence, former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet, known for human rights violations committed during his authoritarian rule, died of a heart attack on 10 December 2006, at the age of 91.[15]
1983 President Raúl Alfonsin, of Argentina, decided to assume office on 10 December 1983, ending the military dictatorship that had ruled the country since 1976. The election of that day for his inauguration was related to human rights violations committed during the dictatorship. From then on, all presidential inaugurations have taken place on 10 December.
1979 Kaoshiung, Taiwan. This led to the Kaohsiung Incident characterized by three rounds of arrests and mock trials of political opponents of the ruling Kuomintang party and their subsequent imprisonment.

Past observances

The 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights occurred on 10 December 2008, and the UN Secretary-General launched a year-long campaign leading up to this anniversary. Because the UDHR holds the world record as the most translated document (except for the Bible), organizations around the globe used the year to focus on helping people everywhere learn about their rights.

The High Commissioner for Human Rights, as the main United Nations rights official, and her Office play a major role in coordinating efforts for the yearly observation of Human Rights Day.

When the General Assembly adopted the Declaration, with 48 states in favor and eight abstentions, it was proclaimed as a "common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations", towards which individuals and societies should "strive by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance". Although the Declaration with its broad range of political, civil, social, cultural and economic rights is not a binding document, it inspired more than 60 human rights instruments which together constitute an international standard of human rights. Today the general consent of all United Nations Member States on the basic Human Rights laid down in the Declaration makes it even stronger and emphasizes the relevance of Human Rights in our daily lives.

The formal inception of Human Rights Day dates from 1950, after the Assembly passed resolution 423(V) inviting all States and interested organizations to adopt 10 December of each year as Human Rights Day.

Human Rights Day the day in 1948 the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.



  • History 1
  • Past observances 2
  • Date variance 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

The day is normally marked both by high-level political conferences and meetings and by cultural events and exhibitions dealing with human rights issues. In addition it is traditionally on 10 December that the five-yearly non-governmental organizations active in the human rights field also schedule special events to commemorate the day, as do many civil and social-cause organizations.


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