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Israeli–Palestinian conflict (2015)

Israeli–Palestinian conflict (2015)
Part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict

Near Beit El on 10 October 2015
Date October 2015 – present (1 month)
Location Israel, West Bank and Gaza Strip



Commanders and leaders

Benjamin Netanyahu

Gilad Erdan

Mahmoud Abbas

Khaled Mashal
Casualties and losses
11 killed, 127 wounded [7][8] 68-72 (43 attackers) killed, 2,300+ wounded [9]

1 foreign civilian (Eritrean) killed[10]

1 American wounded [11]

The Israeli–Palestinian conflict (2015) refers to a series of events that occurred late in 2015 in the ongoing Israeli–Palestinian conflict. Following Israeli restrictions on Palestinian access to the Haram al-Sharif/Temple Mount in the lead-up to Rosh Hashanah , in September and October an escalation in both clashes between Israeli forces and Palestinians, and in Palestinian assaults, many involving stabbings, on Israelis, took place [12][13] (Known as "The Wave of Terror" by Israelis [14][15]), sparking fears of a Third Intifada.[16]

During October, at least 68 Palestinians, have been killed by IDF, 43 of whom were attackers in incidents such as stubbing, vehicular and gun attacks. 18 Palestinians were killed by IDF in the Gaza Strip, the rest in the West Bank, Jerusalem and Israel. Palestinians claim the death of another 4 Palestinians, including a baby but IDF didn't confirm they were killed by its forces. 11 Israelis were killed since the eve of Rosh Hashanah. IDF have recorded 75 'terrorist' attacks by Palestinians against Israeli civilians and security forces, 43 were in the West Bank, 22 in Jerusalem municipalty and 11 were within the Green Line (exlucding Jerusalem), in which 10 Israelis were killed. As of 1 November, 817 violent demostrations occured as well as 851 stone throwing and 377 molotov cocktail incidents,[9] in which one Israeli was killed.[17] An Eritrean was shot and lynched after mistakenly identified as an attacker during Beersheva bus station shooting and died later.[18]


  • Background 1
  • Violence 2
    • Palestinian attacks 2.1
      • Attacks in Jerusalem Zone 2.1.1
      • West Bank and East Jerusalem 2.1.2
      • Stabbings within the Green Line 2.1.3
    • Jewish attacks 2.2
  • Events described as a potential Third Intifada 3
  • Responses 4
    • Politicians and government officials 4.1
    • Security forces 4.2
    • International 4.3
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


The Second Intifada broke out after a visit by Prime Minister Ariel Sharon to the Haram al-Sharif/Temple Mount in September 2000. His appearance, accompanied by several hundreds guards, was seen by Palestinians as highly provocative; Palestinian demonstrators, throwing stones at police, were dispersed by the Israeli army, using tear gas and rubber bullets. In less than a week 47 Palestinians were killed, and 1,885 were wounded as Israeli forces used well over a 1,000,000 rounds to quell demonstrations and riots.[19] This uprising, unlike the First Intifada, adopted, among many other measures, the technique of suicide bombings in Israeli buses, restaurants, cafes and shopping malls. Jerusalem was the main target for the bombings. The violence reached a peak in 2002, at which point Israel decides to construct the Israeli West Bank barrier and Israel–Gaza barrier, as well as launch Operation Defensive Shield. The violence seemed to be waning until,[20] on 22 October 2014, Adbel-Rahman Shaloudi, a twenty-one-year-old Hamas operative from Silwan, rammed his car into a group of passengers waiting at the Ammunition Hill light rail station. The attack left two dead, including a three-month-old baby, and seven injured.[21][22] A brief uptick in Arab rioting followed.[20] A week later, prominent right-wing activist Yehuda Glick, described as an "Israeli-American agitator",[23][24][25] was shot point blank and critically wounded minutes after his speech at a conference titled "Israel returns to the Temple Mount".[24] The suspected attacker, Muataz Hijazi, was killed within hours as Israeli security forces raided his Abu Tor home.[26][27] The failed assassination attempt prompted Israeli officials to bar access to the Temple Mount — a 14-year first — after security assessments were made.[28] Thereafter, a minimum age of 50 years old for men stayed in place into November.[27][28] Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas called the closure a "declaration of war."[29] On 5 November 2014, Ibrahim al-Akri, a Hamas operative from Shuafat, deliberately drove a van at high speed into a crowd of people waiting at the Shimon HaTzadik light rail station in the Arzei HaBira neighborhood of Jerusalem. The attack left two people dead and thirteen wounded.[30] A few hours later, a second vehicular attack occurred in Gush Etzion. Hamam Jamal Badawi Masalmeh rammed into three soldiers waiting at a bus stop, injuring all three. Masalmeh fled the scene and turned himself in to the police the next morning claiming it was an accident. Police later determined it was a terrorist attack.[31] Following the vehicular attacks, political cartoons were posted to Fatah and Hamas websites by supporters dubbing the acts the "car intifada", likening cars to small arms and Hamas M-75 rockets.[32][33]

In mid-November, a Palestinian bus driver, Yussuf al-Ramuni, was found hanging in his bus in a northwest Jerusalem parking lot. Israeli examiners ruled the hanging an apparent suicide while those close to al-Ramuni told reporters his body showed signs of foul play.[34] Speculation was inflamed by controversial circumstances surrounding a Palestinian pathologist's involvement in the autopsy.[35] Consensus on the street quickly spread that another Palestinian had been murdered and a spate of protests were launched.[35] Days later during morning prayer, two Palestinian men entered a synagogue in the Har Nof neighbourhood of Jerusalem, opened fire on the worshippers, and attacked them with axes. Four rabbis were murdered, and eight other worshippers wounded before police officers exchanged fire with the attackers, killing both. Zidan Saif, an ethnic Druze police officer, was killed in the firefight.[36] Hamas and Fatah welcomed the attack, claiming it was a response to the death of al-Ramuni.[37][38][39] Around the same time, on 19 November, Israeli security forces evacuated and destroyed a home in East Jerusalem belonging to the man responsible for the October vehicular attack on Ammunition Hill. Incited by the home demolition, a tactic which has long been contentious,[40][41] protesters as young as 10 years old took to the street where they were reported stating, "The intifada has started," and "we'll fight till the end."[40][42]

Toward late November, the New York-based Human Rights Watch called Israel's demolition policy "a war crime" that "unlawfully punishes people not accused of any wrongdoing."[41] referring to families and neighbors of accused terrorists, subsequently displaced by the destruction of their homes. The statement came amid several "vengeance" arsons in Ramallah by Israeli settlers, and pending orders for the destruction of additional homes linked to Silent Intifada attackers, including the man accused of attempting to assassinate Yehuda Glick.[41]

As a result of the increased rioting, the Israeli cabinet resolved to enact a new bill increasing the punishment for those convicted of stone throwing in Jerusalem. Under the old law, those convicted could be sentenced to up to two years in prison. The revised law, if approved by the [45]

Following the series of events, and in particular following the Har Nof synagogue massacre, Jerusalem's city council had stationed security personnel at the kindergartens in the city.[46] Haredi Knesset member Eli Yishai called for security personnel to also be stationed in synagogues.[47]

The aforementioned Jerusalem Mayor, Nir Barkat, remarked in February 2015 that he felt the months of violence had been more of a local, social issue. He set forth a plan to enact a longer school day, and he argued that "violence came from teenagers, mostly under the age of 18" given that the "Facebook generation across the world doesn’t listen to its parents, or anyone else."[48]

The violence appeared to be waning after the 2015 Tel Aviv attacks, but was restarted due to increasing incitement on the Palestinian side, as well as price tag attacks from extremist Jewish settlers, such as the burning of Palestinian homes in Duma, near Nablus in July 2015. While violent incidents by both Jewish settler extremists in the West Bank and Israeli forces and Palestinians have occurred on an on-and-off basis for a while, in the fall of 2015 near daily instances of stabbing and arson followed restrictions placed on access to the Temple Mount around Rosh Hashanah, preventing Palestinian men under a certain age from visiting the site.Since the Israel–Jordan peace treaty, the Jordanian-run Jerusalem Islamic Waqf has been administering the site.[49]


Palestinians attacks occurred, predominantly in Jerusalem/East Jerusalem, but also spreading to other cities such as Tel Aviv and Beersheba. These near-daily attacks constitute primarily of stone throwing and knife stabbings, from where the name "Knife Intifada" comes from. Other attacks constituted shootings and vehicle rammings. In addition, an attempted suicide bombing on October 11 happened near Jerusalem, injuring a police officer.[50]

Palestinian attacks

Attacks in Jerusalem Zone

The Palestinians committed many attacks against Israeli civilians, settler extremists and IDF forces, primarily in the Old City, the Seam Zone and East Jerusalem. The attacks mainly included molotov cocktail and stone-throwings but also vehicle-rammings, stabbings and live-fire shooting. The Light Rail in Jerusalem was almost daily attacked by stones, especially next to Shuafat.

  • September 14, 2015 – Death of Alexander Levlovich by stone-throwing in Jerusalem.
  • October 3, 2015 – Lions' Gate stabbing. A man stabbed multiple people in the Jerusalem Old Town, killing 2 and injuring a mother and her toddler. 3 dead (including perpetrator), 2 injured.[51]
  • October 4, 2015 – An attack, similar to the Lion's Gate Stabbing on October 3, took place when an Israeli teenager was stabbed near the Damascus Gate. 1 dead (perpetrator), 1 injured.[52]
  • October 7, 2015 – A Palestinian woman stabbed an Israeli man, after which the man shot the assailant with his personal gun. 2 injured (including perpetrator).[53]
  • October 7, 2015 – A Palestinian stabbed an IDF soldier, after which he was shot dead by special forces. 1 dead (perpetrator), 1 injured.[54]
  • October 8, 2015 – Israeli man, 25, seriously hurt in Jerusalem stabbing attack. The attacker was identified as 19-year-old East Jerusalem resident.[55]
  • October 9, 2015 – A teenage Israeli boy was stabbed in Jerusalem. 1 injured.[56]
  • October 10, 2015 – Two Israeli were injured in a stabbing attack in Jerusalem. The assailant was shot by the police. 1 dead (perpetrator), 2 injured.[57]
  • October 12, 2015 – A assailant was shot and killed after attempting to stab a border police officer at the Lion's Gate, Jerusalem.[58]
  • October 12, 2015 – A female assailant was shot after stabbing a border police officer. 2 injured.[59]
  • October 12, 2015 – Two Palestinian youths stabbed 2 Israelis in Pisgat Ze'ev. A 13 year old was seriously injured. While trying to escape, one of the assailants, Ahmed Manasrah aged 13, was lightly wounded, the other shot and killed. Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas two days later accused Israel of the "execution of our children in cold blood, as they did with the boy Ahmed Manasrah and other children in Jerusalem and other places."[60] 3 injured, 1 dead.[61]
  • October 12, 2015 – A Palestinian man stabbed an IDF soldier on a bus after which he was shot dead by police. 1 dead (perpetrator), 1 injured.[62]
  • October 13, 2015 – In a shooting and stabbing attack on a bus in Jerusalem 3 Israelis were killed and 16 others were wounded. The two assailants were shot dead.[63]
  • October 13, 2015 – Minutes after the bus attack, a man drove his car into a bus stop killing a rabbi and injuring 2 others, before being shot and killed. 2 dead, 2 injured.[64]
  • October 13, 2015 – In a second stabbing attack in Ra'anana 4 Israeli were injured.[65]
  • October 14, 2015 – assailant shot dead after attempting to stab police officer near Damascus Gate, Jerusalem.[66]
  • October 14, 2015 – A assailant was shot after stabbing a woman at Jerusalem Central Bus Station. 1 dead (perpetrator), 1 injured.[67]

West Bank and East Jerusalem

UN OCHA map of East Jerusalem showing movement restrictions by Israel in October 2015

Many stabbings occurred in West Bank, especially the intersection of Route 443 and Apple.UN OCHA While stabbing attacks occurred against the IDF and the Border Police, who retaliated by shooting the perpetrators, often fatally, other civilian (including visibly religious ones) were victims.

On 1 October a married couple were shot and killed by Palestinian gunmen near Beit Furik. On 3 October, two Israelis were victims of the Lions' Gate stabbings. On 9 October, a boy was stabbed in the Shmuel HaNavi neighbourhood of Jerusalem. The boy was lightly wounded, while the perpetrator was arrested.[68]

  • October 8, 2015 – Israeli seriously hurt in terror attack near Hebron.[69]
  • October 9, 2015 – A police officer was stabbed near Hebron. The assailant was killed during his escape. 1 dead (perpetrator), 1 injured.[70]
  • October 21, 2015 - Ramming attack that injured five Israeli soldiers near the Gush Etzion settlements.[71]

Stabbings within the Green Line

October 7, 2015 – In a city near Tel Aviv a man was stabbed in front of a shopping mall. The assailant was apprehended by bystanders. 1 injured.[72]

October 8, 2015 – 5 lightly injured in Tel Aviv stabbing; attacker killed. Stabber shot by security forces after wounding female soldier and four others with screwdriver near the Defense Ministry HQ.[73]

On 18 October, a lone gunman shot and killed a soldier guarding the bus station in Beersheba, subsequently an Eritrean Asylum seeker was mistaken by an Israeli Security officer, as a second attacker and was shot and kicked. The attack left 11 wounded.

Jewish attacks

  • October 9, a Jewish teen with psychiatric history in Dimona stabbed a Bedouin citizen of Israel and three Palestinian workers and injured them.[74]
  • 13 October in Kiryat Ata a Jewish man was stabbed several times by another Jew who had mistaken him for an Arab. Upon trying to then flee the scene the man was shot at by a security guard, which grazed a passer-by, and was eventually arrested for questioning. The victim said that the perpetrator said: "You deserve it, you deserve it. You are bastard Arabs." Uri Rezken, the shop keeper victim, then said he fought the attacker with a trolley after trying to stop him by saying "I am a Jew, I am a Jew." He then told the Guardian: "We are all human beings, we are all equal. It does not matter if an Arab stabbed me or a Jew stabbed me, a religious, Orthodox or secular person. I have no words to describe this hate crime."[75]

Events described as a potential Third Intifada

In 2008,

External links

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  19. ^   See under "What Happened?".
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  34. ^ Staff (17 November 2014). "Thousands attend burial of hanged Palestinian". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 21 November 2014. Muatasem Fakeh, a colleague of the bus driver, said he had seen evidence of violence on Ramuni's body 
  35. ^ a b Issacharoff, Avi (21 November 2014). "The Jerusalem Intifada is underway, and it’s going to get worse". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 21 November 2014. [After] an autopsy at the Abu Kabir Forensic Institute, with a Palestinian pathologist, Sabr al-Alul [...] leaked to the Palestinian press a conflicting conclusion. 
  36. ^ "Suspected terror attack at Jerusalem synagogue",; accessed 21 November 2014.
  37. ^ Hamas and Fatah welcome 2014 Jerusalem synagogue massacre,; accessed 21 November 2014.
  38. ^ "Contradictory messages from Palestinian Authority regarding synagogue massacre",; accessed 21 November 2014.
  39. ^ "Hamas: Jewish synagogue attack result of Palestinian bus driver found hanging",; accessed 21 November 2014.
  40. ^ a b King, Laura (19 November 2014). "Israeli demolition of Palestinian home follows synagogue attack". Los Angeles Times (Jerusalem). Retrieved 21 November 2014. Home demolitions [...] were strongly condemned by the international community and human rights groups [...] more than a decade ago 
  41. ^ a b c "Settlers torch Palestinian home as HRW slams Israel's demolition policy". Al Akhbar. 23 November 2014. Retrieved 23 November 2014. Home demolitions have long been used as a deterrent punishment in the occupied West Bank [...] The practice has been condemned by human rights... 
  42. ^ Shaalan, Hassan (19 November 2014). "Violence in East Jerusalem; 'Intifada starts today,' Palestinian kids say". Ynetnews. Retrieved 21 November 2014. young Palestinians, some as young as 10, took to the streets [...] after Israeli security forces demolished the home 
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  45. ^ Uri Avnery,'The Son of My Eyes,' Counterpunch 28–29 November 2014.
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  47. ^ "Restore security to the capital, Shas leaders demand",; accessed 21 November 2014.
  48. ^ "Jerusalem looking to start servicing Arab neighborhoods beyond fence". The Times of Israel. 
  49. ^ a b c d "US: Israel Maintain Temple Mount Jewish Ban – Global Agenda – News – Arutz Sheva". Arutz Sheva. 
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  71. ^ "Five soldiers wounded in car-ramming terrorist attack in West Bank". The Jerusalem Post - 
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  74. ^ Hartman, Ben (9 October 2015). "Dimona: Jewish man stabs 4 Arabs in suspected nationalist attack".  
  75. ^ "Israeli stabs another Jew by mistake, trying to avenge wave of Palestinian stabbings". RT English. 
  76. ^ "Hamas Calls for Third Intifada". Al Jazeera. December 28, 2008. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  77. ^ Uri Friedman, The 'Price Tag' Menace: Vigilante Israeli Settler Attacks Spread, at The Atlantic Wire, 3 October 2011:'The New York Times defines price tag attacks as incidents in which radical Jewish settlers "exact a price from local Palestinians or from the Israeli security forces for any action taken against their settlement enterprise".'
  78. ^ Wilson, Simone (November 12, 2014). "In Israel, No One’s Backing Down from a Third Intifada". The Jewish Journal. Retrieved October 9, 2015. 
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  81. ^ Gordis, Daniel (October 8, 2015). "Israel and a Third Intifada". BloombergView. Retrieved October 9, 2015. 
  82. ^ a b Hass, Amira (October 11, 2015). "Abbas Can’t Control the Lost Generation of Oslo". Haaretz. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
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  84. ^ Elior Levy, Yoav Zitun, 'Firebomb-throwing gone awry,' Ynet 14 October 2015.
  85. ^ "UN urges Israelis and Palestinians to end violence". The Irish Times. 20 October 2015. 
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  90. ^ "Israel accused of 'deliberately killing' Palestinians". 


See also

In a joint statement with the Israeli NGO B'tselem, Amnesty International stated that in some instances Israeli forces have engaged in extrajudicial killings, which Israeli politicians are accused to be have been openly endorsing as a response to Palestinians merely suspected by police of terrorist intentions,[89] of unarmed civilians. Human Rights Watch, raising the possibility that Israel may be engaged in violations of international law, has expressed concern over what it calls Israel's "indiscriminate and even deliberate" shooting of protesters.[90]


 United Nations – The UN condemned the attacks in Israel and called on both sides to restore calm. In addition, Ban Ki-Moon made a surprise visit to Israel.[88]

 United StatesState Department spokesman John Kirby, on 9 September, condemned "all acts of violence" at the Temple Mount – and called on Israel not to lift restrictions for Jewish visitors. "The United States is deeply concerned by the recent violence and escalating tensions surrounding the Haram al-Sharif Temple Mount. We strongly condemn all acts of violence. It is absolutely critical that all sides exercise restraint, refrain from provocative actions and rhetoric and preserve unchanged the historic status quo on the Haram al-Sharif Temple Mount, in word and in practice." He added that all sides should "exercise restraint."[49]

 Jordan – After talks with visiting British Prime Minister David Cameron, King Abdullah II warned Israel, on 9 September, that "any more provocation in Jerusalem will affect the relationship between Jordan and Israel. Jordan will not have a choice but to take actions, unfortunately."[49]

 GermanyAngela Merkel met with Benjamin Netanyahu on October 21 to discuss the wave of violence. She said that Germany expects Mahmoud Abbas "to condemn everything that constitutes an act of terror. One can’t have open talks with Israel if this does not happen." She also said that "young Palestinians need a perspective and unilateral steps are not helpful".[87]

 France – France called for the placing of international observers to the Temple Mount in October 2015, in order to preserve the status quo. Israel however rejected it, saying that that action would violate the said status quo.[86]



On October 20, Israeli troops rearrested Hassan Yousef, a senior Hamas figure in the West Bank, "accusing him of inciting violence among the Palestinian public after he called for an uprising against the Israeli occupation".[85]

On June 29, the Israeli navy seized a ship flotilla to Gaza as part of an organized protest. The rest of the boats turn around.

Following the escalation of violence in Tishrei, Israeli police and border guards were deployed around the country and especially in the Jerusalem area.

Security forces

On July 30, the Knesset approved an amendment to the Prisons Ordinance allowing the force-feeding of an inmate when a doctor determines that there is a real danger to the life of the prisoner.

After a death on the night of Rosh Hashanah in Jerusalem, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu held an emergency meeting to decide on new legislation for minimum sentences for stone throwers, heavy fines on parents whose children threw stones and the use of multiple sniper fire Ruger 10/22 against rioters throwing stones and Molotov cocktails. A pay increase for border police throughout Jerusalem and the calling up reserve forces of police and Border Guard forces was also enacted by the security cabinet. Netanyahu later accused Arabs, especially the Palestinian Authority and the Islamic Movement in Israel of inciting and fanning flames, while prohibiting all MKs from going to the Temple Mount. Although some Jewish and Arab Joint List MKs said they would ignore the rulings.


Palestinian Ambassador to the United Nations Riyad Mansour said of the cycle of violence and retaliation that the situation was "extremely dangerous" and accused "extremists on the Israeli side" of seeking to "impose a Jewish presence" at the Temple Mount. He warned that such attempts would cause a religious confrontation that would have "ramifications in all corners of the Middle East and beyond. Religious confrontation is what ISIS is dreaming of."[49]


Politicians and government officials


[84], and did not reflect a general participation from the West Bank, as in earlier Intifadas.East Jerusalem It has also been noted that the events of the first two weeks in October were mainly restricted to Palestinian residents of [82]

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