World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jamamadí language

Article Id: WHEBN0000327634
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jamamadí language  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Banawá people, Arawan languages, Madi language
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Jamamadí language

Native to Amazonas State, Brazil
Ethnicity Jamamadi, Banawá, Jarawara
Native speakers
800  (2006)[1]
  • Madí
Language codes
ISO 639-3 jaa
Glottolog jama1261[2]

Madí—also known as Jamamadí (Yamamadí, Yamamandi, Yamadi) after one of its dialects, and also Kapaná or Kanamanti (Canamanti)—is an Arawan language spoken by about 800 Jamamadi, Banawá, and Jarawara people scattered over Amazonas, Brazil.

The language has an active–stative clause structure with an agent–object–verb or object–agent–verb word order, depending on whether the agent or object is the topic of discussion (AOV appears to be the default). [3]

The dialects of Jamamadi that are or were once spoken include Bom Futuro, Pauini, Mamoria, Cuchudua, Jaruára (Jarawara, Yarawara), Kitiya (Banawá, Banawa Yafi, Jafí), and Tukurina. Pama, Sewacu, Sipo, and Yuberi were either dialects or closely related languages.


The phonology is illustrated here with the Jarawara dialect:


Front Back
High i iː
Mid e eː o oː
Low a aː


Bilabial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive b t ɟ k (ʔ)
Nasal m n
Fricative ɸ s
Liquid r
Semivowel w

The glottal stop [ʔ] has a limited distribution.

The liquid /r/ may be realized as a trill [r], flap [ɾ], or lateral [l]. The palatal stop /ɟ/ may be realized as a semivowel [j].

The glottal fricative /h̃/ is nasalized. See rhinoglottophilia.


  • Campbell, Lyle (1997). American Indian languages: The historical linguistics of Native America. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN . 
  • Dixon, R. M. W. (1995). "Fusional development of gender marking in Jarawara possessed nouns". International Journal of American Linguistics 61: 263–294. doi:10.1086/466256. 
  • Dixon, R. M. W. (2000). "A-constructions and O-constructions in Jarawara". International Journal of American Linguistics 66: 22–56. doi:10.1086/466405. 
  • Dixon, R. M. W. (2003). "The eclectic morphology of Jarawara, and the status of word". In R. M. W. Dixon & Alexandra Y. Alkhenvald. Word: A Cross-Linguistic Typology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Dixon, R. M. W. (2004). The Jarawara language of Southern Amazonia. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN . 
  • Dixon, R. M. W.; Vogel, A. R. (1996). "Reduplication in Jarawara". Languages of the World 10: 24–31. 
  • Everett, Caleb (2012). "A Closer Look at a Supposedly Anumeric Language". International Journal of American Linguistics 78: 575–590. doi:10.1086/667452. 
  • Kaufman, Terrence (1994). "The native languages of South America". In C. Mosley & R. E. Asher. Atlas of the world's languages. London: Routledge. pp. 46–76. 


  1. ^ Madí at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Jamamadi". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Dixon, "Arawá", in Dixon & Aikhenvald, eds., The Amazonian Languages, 1999.

External links

  • Proel: Lengua Jarawara

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.