World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

List of Kings of Burundi

Mwami of Burundi
Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Burundi
Details
Style His Majesty the Mwami of Burundi
First monarch Mwami Ntare III Rushatsi
Last monarch Mwami Ntare V Ndizeye
Formation c.1680
Abolition 28 November 1966
Residence Gitega and Bujumbura, Rwanda
Pretender(s) Princess Rose Paula Iribagiza

This page contains two versions of the list of Kings of Burundi, the traditional version before 1680 and the modern genealogy. The regnal names of Burundian sovereigns, titled Mwami, followed a cycle: Ntare (meaning 'lion'), Mwezi (meaning 'moon'), Mutaga, and Mwambutsa. Traditionally, it was thought that there had been four complete cycles but the modern genealogy indicates that there were only two complete cycles, starting with Ntare III Rushatsi.

In the 16th century, Burundi was a kingdom characterized by a hierarchical political authority and tributary economic exchange. A king (mwami) headed a princely aristocracy (ganwa) which owned most of the land governing its subjects with superiority and required a tribute, or tax, from local farmers and herders who lived in forests. The Tutsi monarchy ruled the nation for centuries, but became largely ceremonial with the colonization of the nation by the German Empire in 1899. The kings continued through the colonial period, but the last king was deposed in a coup d'état. Burundi ceased to be a monarchy when king Ntare V Ndizeye was deposed by his Prime Minister and Chief of Staff, Capt. Michel Micombero, who abolished the monarchy and declared a republic in 1966.

Kings of Burundi

The traditional list of Kings of Burundi. The dates before 1900 are estimates.

  • Ntare I Rushatsi Cambarantama: c.1530–c.1550
  • Mwezi I Baridamunka: c.1550–c.1580
  • Mutaga I Mutabazi: c.1580–c.1600
  • Mwambutsa I Nkomati: c.1600–c.1620
  • Ntare II Kibogora: c.1620–c.1650
  • Mwezi II Nyaburunga: c.1650–c.1680
  • Mutaga II Senyamwiza Mutamo: c.1680–c.1700
  • Mwambutsa II Nyarushamba: c.1700–c.1720
  • Ntare III Kivimira Semuganzashamba: c.1720–c.1750
  • Mwezi III Kavuyimbo (Ndagushimiye): c.1750–c.1780
  • Mutaga III Sebitungwa: c.1780–c.1800
  • Mwambutsa III Mbonyuburundi (Mbariza): c.1800–c.1830
  • Ntare IV Runzi (Rutaganzwa Rugamba): c.1830–c.1850
  • Mwezi IV Gisabo Bikata-Bijoga: c.1850–1908
  • Mutaga IV Mbikije: c.1908–1915
  • Mwambutsa IV Bangiricenge Rubangishamiheto: 1915–1966
  • Ntare V Ndizeye: 1966–[1972]

Kings of Burundi, c.1680-1966

This is the modern genealogy:

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.