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Madhubani painting

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Title: Madhubani painting  
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Subject: History of painting, Culture of India, Folk art, Dilli Haat, Bengal School of Art, Mughal painting, Kalighat painting, Bihari culture
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Madhubani painting

File:Madhubani Art with Bharti Dayal.ogv

Madhubani painting or Mithila painting is a style of Indian painting, practiced in the Mithila region of Bihar state, India and the adjoining parts of Terai in Nepal.[1] Painting is done with fingers, twigs, brushes, nib-pens, and matchsticks, using natural dyes and pigments, and is characterized by eye-catching geometrical patterns. There are paintings for each occasion and festival such as birth, marriage, holi, surya shasti, kali puja, Upanayanam (sacred thread ceremony), and durga puja.


The origins of Madhubani painting or Mithila Painting are shrouded in antiquity and mythology.

Madhubani painting/Mithila painting has been done traditionally by the women of villages around the present town of Madhubani and Darbhanga (the literal meaning of Madhubani is forests of honey) and other areas of Mithila. The painting was traditionally done on freshly plastered mud walls and floors of huts, but now they are also done on cloth, handmade paper and canvas. Madhubani paintings are made from the paste of powdered rice. Madhubani painting has remained confined to a compact geographical area and the skills have been passed on through centuries, the content and the style have largely remained the same. And that is the reason for Madhubani painting being accorded the coveted GI (Geographical Indication) status. Madhubani paintings also use two dimensional imagery, and the colors used are derived from plants. Ochre and lampblack are also used for reddish brown and black respectively.

Madhubani paintings mostly depict the men & its association with nature and the scenes & deity from the ancient epics. Natural objects like the sun, the moon, and religious plants like tulsi are also widely painted, along with scenes from the royal court and social events like weddings. Generally no space is left empty; the gaps are filled by paintings of flowers, animals, birds, and even geometric designs. Objects depicted in the walls of kohabar ghar (where newly wed couple see each other in the first night) are symbols of sexual pleasure and procreation. This painting is, in fact, simplistic manifestation of the philosophical heights achieved by Indian civilization for the universal power of love, longing and peace .

Traditionally, painting was one of the skills that was passed down from generation to generation in the families of the Mithila Region, mainly by women.[2]

Artists and awards

Madhubani painting received official recognition in 1970, when the President of India gave an award to Jagdamba Devi, of Jitbarpur village near Madhubani. Other painters, Mahasundari Devi (2008),[3] Sita Devi, Godavari Dutt, Bharti Dayal and Bua Devi were also given this National award.[4] Smt Bharti Dayal won an Award from All India Fine Arts and Crafts for fifty years of art in independent India and the state Award for kalamkari in Mithila Painting and her painting ."Eternal Music " baggaed the top award in Millennium Art Competition from AIFAC for the year 2001 . Smt Bharti Dayal is also Honoured with The Vishist Bihari Samman amid festivities to commemorate 100 year of Bihar.


External links

  • Paintings by Vidushini
  • Official Website of artist Bharti Dayal
  • Facebook Group for Madhubani Painting
  • Article in the New Indian Express
  • Madhubani Paintings by the traditional artists
  • Indian Ministry of Culture featuring Gauri Mishra
  • The official website of Gauri Mishra 'Maaji of Madhubani'
  • Campaign to preserve Mithila Paintings
  • Hindu On Net article on Madhubani art
  • Madhubani Paintings London
  • Mithila Paintings

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