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Mandeville Site

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Title: Mandeville Site  
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Subject: South Appalachian Mississippian culture, Caborn-Welborn culture, Mississippian culture, Bluffton Mound Site, Tipton Phase
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Mandeville Site

Mandeville Site
9 CY 1
Mandeville Site9 CY 1
Mandeville Site
9 CY 1
Location within Georgia today
Location
Coordinates
Country  USA
Region Clay County, Georgia
History
Culture Deptford culture, Middle Woodland, South Appalachian Mississippian culture
Excavation and maintenance
Dates excavated 1950
Notable archaeologists Clarence Bloomfield Moore
Architecture
Architectural styles platform mound

The Mandeville Site (Chattahoochee River basin.

History

The first occupations of the site were a village settlement during the Deptford period. Occupation of the site and the construction of two mounds continue into the Middle Woodland period. Ceramic evidence also dates occupation to the Early Swift Creek culture. The final layer of Mound A indicates it was converted to a platform mound typical of the Mississippian period.[1]

Excavations

The site was first visited by Arthur Kelly, James H. Kellar and Edward V. McMichael before construction of the dam. The site is no longer accessible for excavation.

Site description

The site contains 2 mounds, a flat top mound (Mound A), and one large dome shaped burial mound (Mound B). Mound A is about 240 feet (73 m) by 170 feet (52 m) and about 14 feet (4.3 m) in height. Mound B is about 140 feet (43 m) by 80 feet (24 m). There is also a village situated between the two mounds approximately 40 acres (0.16 km2) in area. A pre-mound village occupation, dated to the Deptford period exists beneath Mound A. Evidence for small circular houses and pits were found dated to this time. The first layers of Mound construction are attributed to the Late Deptford Period, with subsequent cultures building upon the original. The site was abandoned during the Woodland Period and re-inhabited about 500 years later during the Mississippian Period.

Artifacts

The most significant artifacts at the Mandeville site consist of ceramics, including vessels and potsherds. Bone tools and projectile points were also found, along with flake knives. Fragments from a ceramic figurine were found, including the head and two torso fragments.

See also

References

  1. ^ John H. Blitz; Karl G. Lorenz (April 28, 2006). The Chattahoochee Chiefdoms. University Alabama Press. p. 55.  

External links

  • Archaeology of Prehistoric Native America : An Encyclopedia
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