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Markörgis Khan

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Title: Markörgis Khan  
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Subject: List of Mongol Khans, List of state leaders in 1462, List of state leaders in 1461, List of state leaders in 1460, Esen taishi, Mongolian name
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Markörgis Khan

Khagan of the Mongols
Reign 1455–65
Full name Markörgis
Titles Ükegtü Khan
Born 1448(?)
Birthplace Mongolia
Died 1465
Place of death Mongolia
Predecessor Esen
Successor Molon Khan
Royal House Borjigin
Father Tayisung Khan Toghtoa Bukha
Mother Samar taifu

Markörgis (or Markos, Marku) (1448–1465) was a Mongol Khan of the Northern Yuan Dynasty in Mongolia. Some scholars believe his name is a Christian name.

Markörgis was the youngest son of Tayisung Khan Toghtoa Bukha and his youngest khatun, Samar. Soon after Esen was killed, his mother, Samar, attacked the Four Oirads at Khangai Zavkhan. During the campaign, 8 year-old Markörgis was taken in a box on horseback, thus to be later called Ükegtü Khagan. They defeated the Oirads and returned with plundered goods.

After that Samar taifu and Dogholon taishi of the seven Tümeds crowned the boy Khagan. Bulay of the Kharchin and Dogholon held the real power, and constantly fought each other for dominance. Markörgis was given the title Ükegtü because he sat inside a cart during the battles.

Bulay tried to open trade relations with Ming China but was declined. Bulay repeatedly invaded China in 1460 and 1461. He also attacked the Uriyangkhai Doyin guard (tributary of the Ming) in the next year. The Ming court finally agreed to establish peace with the Mongols.

In 1465, the Mongol nobles openly went to war against each other in their power struggle and Markörgis Ükegtü Khan was killed as a result. The young khan was succeeded by his eldest half-brother Molon Khan Tögüs Mengke.[1]


Markörgis Khan
Died: 1465
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Esen of the Oirad
Khagan of the Great Yuan
Succeeded by
Molon Khan
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