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Massachusetts's 4th congressional district

Massachusetts's 4th congressional district
Massachusetts's 4th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Massachusetts's 4th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Joseph P. Kennedy III (DBrookline)
Cook PVI D+11[1]

Massachusetts's 4th congressional district is located mostly in southern Massachusetts. It is represented by Democrat Joseph P. Kennedy III.

The district covers much of the area included in the 10th district before the 1982 redistricting. In prior years, the district stretched from Brookline to Fitchburg. The shape of the district underwent some changes effective from the elections of 2012, after Massachusetts congressional redistricting to reflect the 2010 census.[2] Most of Plymouth County and the South Coast are included in the new 9th district. The new 4th district has expanded westward to include towns along the Rhode Island border that had been in the old 3rd district.

For a very brief time (1793–95) it served the District of Maine.

Contents

  • Cities and towns in the district 1
  • Cities and towns in the district prior to 2013 2
    • 1840s 2.1
    • 1850s 2.2
    • 1860s 2.3
    • 1870s 2.4
    • 1880s-1900s 2.5
    • 1910s 2.6
    • 1920s-1930s 2.7
    • 1940s 2.8
    • 1950s-1960s 2.9
    • 1970s 2.10
    • 2003 to 2013 2.11
  • Representatives 3
  • Recent election results 4
    • 2002 4.1
    • 2004 4.2
    • 2006 4.3
    • 2008 4.4
    • 2010 4.5
    • 2012 4.6
  • References 5
  • External links 6
    • Maps 6.1
    • Election results 6.2

Cities and towns in the district

In Bristol County:

Attleboro, Berkley, Dighton, Easton, Fall River: Ward 4, Precinct C; Ward 5, Precinct B1 and C; Ward 6, Precinct C1; and Wards 7, 8, and 9, Freetown, Mansfield, North Attleboro, Norton, Raynham: Precincts 1A, 2A, 3, and 4, Rehoboth, Seekonk, Somerset, Swansea, and Taunton.

In Middlesex County:

Hopkinton, and Newton.

In Norfolk County:

Bellingham: Precincts 1, 2, 3, and 4, Brookline, Dover, Foxborough, Franklin, Medfield, Medway, Millis, Needham, Norfolk, Plainville, Sharon, Wellesley, and Wrentham.

In Plymouth County:

Lakeville.

In Worcester County:

Hopedale, and Milford.

Cities and towns in the district prior to 2013

1840s

"The towns of Acton, Ashby, Bedford, Boxborough, Burlington, Cambridge, Charlestown, Concord, Framingham, Hopkinton, Lexington, Lincoln, Marlborough, Pepperell, Shirley, Somerville, Stow, Sudbury, Townsend, Waltham, Watertown, Wayland, West Cambridge, Weston and Woburn, in the County of Middlesex, and the towns of Berlin, Bolton, Boylston, Fitchburg, Harvard, Lancaster, Leominster, Lunenburg, Northboro', Shrewsbury, Southborough, Sterling, and Westborough, in the County of Worcester."[3]

1850s

"The city of Roxbury, and the town of Brookline, in the county of Norfolk; and the wards numbered seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, and twelve, in the city of Boston, in the county of Suffolk."[4]

1860s

Boston (Wards 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9), Cambridge, Chelsea.[5]

1870s

Boston (Wards 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12), Chelsea, Revere, and Winthrop.[6]

1880s-1900s

1910s

"Worcester County: City of Worcester; towns of Auburn, Blackstone Douglas, Grafton, Hopedale, Mendon, Milford, Millbury, Northbridge, Shrewsbury, Sutton, Upton, Uxbridge, and Westboro. Middlesex County: Town of Hopkinton."[7]

1920s-1930s

1940s

In Middlesex County: Ashland, Framingham, Hopkinton, Sudbury, Waltham, Wayland, Weston. In Worcester County: Auburn, Berlin, Boylston, Grafton, Holden, Northborough, Shrewsbury, Southborough, Sterling, Westborough, West Boylston, Worcester.[8]

1950s-1960s

1970s

"Middlesex County: Cities of Newton and Waltham. Towns of Ayer, Framingham, Lincoln, Maynard, Shirley, Stow, Sudbury, Wayland, and Weston. Norfolk County: Town of Brookline. Worcester County: Cities of Fitchburg, Gardner, and Leominster. Towns of Bolton, Harvard, Lancaster, Lunenburg, and Westminster."[9]

2003 to 2013

The district from 2003 to 2013

In Bristol County:

Acushnet, Berkley, Dartmouth, Dighton, Fairhaven, Fall River: Ward 4, Precinct C; Ward 5, Precinct C; Ward 6, Precinct A; Ward 7; Ward 8, Precincts A-C; Ward 9, Freetown, Mansfield, New Bedford, Norton, Raynham, Taunton, Westport.

In Middlesex County:

Newton, Sherborn.

In Norfolk County:

Brookline, Dover, Foxborough, Millis, Norfolk, Sharon, Wellesley.

In Plymouth County:

Halifax, Lakeville, Marion, Mattapoisett, Middleborough, Rochester, Wareham.

Representatives

Representative Party Years District home Electoral history
Theodore Sedgwick Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
Stockbridge First elected in 1789

Redistricted to the 2nd district
Henry Dearborn Anti-
Administration
March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
(General ticket)
Gardiner, Maine First elected in 1792

Redistricted to the 12th district
Peleg Wadsworth Pro-
Administration
Portland, Maine First elected in 1792

Redistricted to the 13th district
George Thatcher Pro-
Administration
Biddeford, Maine Redistricted from the 8th district

Redistricted to the 14th district
Dwight Foster Federalist March 4, 1795 –
June 6, 1800
Brookfield Redistricted from the 2nd district

Resigned
Vacant June 6, 1800 –
December 15, 1800
Levi Lincoln, Sr. Democratic-
Republican
December 15, 1800 –
March 5, 1801
First elected to finish Foster's term

Resigned to become U.S. Attorney General
Vacant March 5, 1801 –
August 24, 1801
Seth Hastings Federalist August 24, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Mendon Elected to finish Lincoln's term

Redistricted to the 10th district
Joseph Bradley Varnum Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1803 –
June 29, 1811
Dracut Redistricted from the 9th district

Resigned on election to U.S. Senate
Vacant June 29, 1811 –
November 4, 1811
William M. Richardson Democratic-
Republican
November 4, 1811 –
April 18, 1814
Groton First elected to finish Varnum's term

Resigned to become U.S. Attorney
Vacant April 18, 1814 –
September 22, 1814
Samuel Dana Democratic-
Republican
September 22, 1814 –
March 3, 1815
Groton Elected to finish Richardson's term

Lost re-election
Asahel Stearns Federalist March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
Charlestown First elected in 1814

Timothy Fuller Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1823
First elected in 1816

Adams-Clay
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Edward Everett Adams March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
First elected in 1824

Retired
Anti-
Jackson
March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1835
Samuel Hoar Anti-
Jackson
March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Concord Elected in 1834

Lost re-election
William Parmenter Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1845
Cambridge First elected in 1836

Benjamin Thompson Whig March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
Charlestown Elected in 1844

Retired
John G. Palfrey Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
Elected in 1846

Lost re-election
Vacant March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
Benjamin Thompson Whig March 4, 1851 –
September 24, 1852
Charlestown Elected in 1850

Died
Vacant September 25, 1852 –
December 12, 1852
Lorenzo Sabine Whig December 13, 1852 –
March 3, 1853
Framingham Elected to finish Thompson's term

Retired
Samuel H. Walley Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Elected in 1852

Lost re-election
Linus B. Comins Know Nothing March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
Roxbury First elected in 1854

Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
Alexander H. Rice[10] Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
Boston First elected in 1860

Redistricted to the 3rd district
Samuel Hooper[5] Republican March 4, 1863 –
February 14, 1875
Redistricted from the 5th district

Retired, but died before retirement
Vacant February 15, 1875 –
March 3, 1875
Rufus S. Frost Republican March 4, 1875 –
July 28, 1876
Chelsea Elected in 1874

Election challenged by successor
Josiah G. Abbott Democratic July 28, 1876 –
March 3, 1877
Successfully challenged predecessor

Lost re-election
Leopold Morse[11][12] Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1883
Boston First elected in 1876

Redistricted to 5th district
Patrick A. Collins Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1889
Boston First elected in 1882

Retired
Joseph H. O'Neil Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1893
Boston First elected in 1888

Redistricted to the 9th district
Lewis D. Apsley Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1897
Hudson First elected in 1892

Retired
[13] Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
Fitchburg First elected in 1896

Retired
Charles Q. Tirrell[14] Republican March 4, 1901 –
July 31, 1910
Natick First elected in 1900

Died
Vacant August 1, 1910 –
November 7, 1910
John Joseph Mitchell Democratic November 8, 1910 –
March 3, 1911
Marlborough Elected to finish Tirrell's term

Lost re-election
William H. Wilder Republican March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
Gardner First elected in 1910

Redistricted to the 3rd district
Samuel Winslow Republican March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1925
Worcester First elected in 1912

Retired
George R. Stobbs Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1931
Worcester First elected in 1924

Retired
Pehr G. Holmes[15] Republican March 4, 1931 –
January 3, 1947
Worcester First elected in 1930

Lost re-election
Harold Donohue[16] Democratic January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1973
Worcester First elected in 1946

Redistricted to the 3rd district
Robert Drinan Democratic January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1981
Newton Redistricted from the 3rd district

Retired after Pope John Paul II ordered all priests to withdraw from electoral politics
Barney Frank[17] Democratic January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 2013
Newton First elected in 1980

Retired in 2012
Joseph P. Kennedy III Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Present
Brookline First elected in 2012

Incumbent

Recent election results

2002

U.S. House election, 2002: Massachusetts, District 4
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Barney Frank 166,125 98.99 + 24.09
Write-in 1,691 1.01 +0.96
Turnout 167,816 100 -

2004

U.S. House election, 2004: Massachusetts, District 4
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Barney Frank 219,260 77.74 -21.25
Independent Chuck Morse 62,293 22.09 + 22.09
Write-in 486 0.17 - 0.84
Turnout 282,039 100 -

2006

U.S. House election, 2006: Massachusetts, District 4
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Barney Frank 176,513 98.48 +20.74
Write-in 2730 1.52 +1.35
Turnout 179,243 100 -

2008

U.S. House election, 2008: Massachusetts, District 4
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Barney Frank 203,032 64.3 -34.18
Republican Earl Henry Sholley 75,571 23.9 +23.9
Independent Susan Allen 19,848 6.29 +6.29
Write-in 337 0.11 -1.41
Blank/Scattering 16,946 5.37 +5.37
Turnout 315,734 100 -

2010

U.S. House election, 2010: Massachusetts, District 4
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Barney Frank 126,194 53.9 -10.4
Republican Sean Bielat 101,517 43.4 +19.5
Independent Susan Allen 3,445 1.5 -4.79
Independent Donald Jordan 2,873 1.2 +1.2
Turnout 234,029 100 -

2012

U.S. House election, 2012: Massachusetts, District 4
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Joseph P. Kennedy III 219,499 61.1 +7.2
Republican Sean Bielat 129,243 36.0 -7.4
Independent David Rosa 10,674 2.9 +0.2
Turnout 356,416 100 -

References

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  2. ^ http://www.sec.state.ma.us/spr/sprcat/catpdf2010/cong2010/CongressionalDistrict_2011State.pdf Access date: March 28, 2012.
  3. ^ "State Apportionment; districts of the Commonwealth for the choice of one representative to Congress in each district". Massachusetts Register ... for 1843. Boston: Loring. 
  4. ^ "Congressional Districts".  
  5. ^ a b Ben. Perley Poore (1869). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory for the First Session of the Forty-First Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  6. ^ "Congressional Districts of Massachusetts". Massachusetts Register and Business Directory, 1878. Boston: Sampson, Davenport, and Co. 
  7. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 64th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1916. 
  8. ^ Commonwealth of Massachusetts (1941), "Population of Congressional Districts", Population of Massachusetts as determined by the sixteenth census of the United States, 1940, Boston: Wright & Potter,  
  9. ^ "Massachusetts", 1977 Official Congressional Directory: 95th Congress, Washington DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1977 
  10. ^ "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory for the Second Session of the Thirty-Seventh Congress. Washington DC: House of Representatives. 1861. 
  11. ^ Ben. Perley Poore (1878). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 45th Congress (3rd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  12. ^ Ben. Perley Poore (1882). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 47th Congress (3rd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  13. ^ L.A. Coolidge (1897). "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: Fifty-Fifth Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  14. ^ A.J. Halford (1909). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 60th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  15. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 75th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1938. 
  16. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 90th Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1968. 
  17. ^ "Massachusetts". 1991-1992 Official Congressional Directory: 102nd Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1991. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

External links

Maps

  • Map of Massachusetts's 4th Congressional District, via Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth

Election results

  • CNN.com 2004 election results
  • CNN.com 2006 election results
  • US House of Representatives Clerk's Office, 2006 election results
  • US House of Representatives Clerk's Office, 2008 election results
  • Massachusetts U.S. Congress 2010 Election Results

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