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Metrodorus (Greek: Μητρόδωρος; fl. c. 6th century) was a Greek grammarian and mathematician, who collected mathematical epigrams which appear in the Greek Anthology.
Nothing is known about the life of Metrodorus. The time he lived is not certain: he may have lived as early as the 3rd-century AD, but it is more likely that he lived in the time of the emperors Anastasius I and Justin I, in the early 6th-century.^{[1]}
His name occurs in connection with 45 mathematical epigrams which are to be found in book 14 of the Greek Anthology.^{[2]} Although he may have authored some of the epigrams, it is generally accepted that he collected most of them, and some of them may pre-date the 5th-century BC.^{[1]} Many of the epigrams lead to simple equations, and they are of the same type as those found in the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus (17th-century BC).^{[3]} Among the problems Metrodorus collected are:^{[3]}
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