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Mytishchi

 

Mytishchi

Mytishchi (English)
Мытищи (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -

Voloshinoy Street in Mytishchi

Location of Moscow Oblast in Russia
Mytishchi is located in Moscow Oblast
Mytishchi
Location of Mytishchi in Moscow Oblast
Coordinates:
Coat of arms
Flag
Town Day One of the Sundays in September
Administrative status (as of September 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast[1]
Administrative district Mytishchinsky District[1]
City Mytishchi[1]
Administrative center of Mytishchinsky District,[1] Town of Mytishchi[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2012)
Municipal district Mytishchinsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Mytishchi Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Mytishchinsky Municipal District,[2] Mytishchi Urban Settlement[2]
Head Alexander Kazakov
Representative body Council of Deputies
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 173,160 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 105th
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Known since 1460
Town status since 1925
Postal code(s)[5] 141000–141002, 141004–141011, 141013–141018, 141020, 141021, 141023–141029, 141037–141043, 141045–141050, 141053, 141056–141059, 141101–141132, 141941–141945, 994003–994005
Dialing code(s) +7 495
Official website
Mytishchi]] on Wikimedia Commons

Mytishchi (Russian: Мытищи; IPA: ) is a city and the administrative center of Mytishchinsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, which lies to the northeast of Russia's capital Moscow, on the Yauza River and the Moscow–Yaroslavl railway. Population: 173,160 (2010 Census);[3] 159,900 (2002 Census);[6] 154,068 (1989 Census);[7] 125,000 (1973); 60,000 (1939).

Contents

  • Climate 1
  • History 2
  • Administrative and municipal status 3
  • Economy 4
  • Architecture 5
  • Twin towns and sister cities 6
  • References 7
    • Notes 7.1
    • Sources 7.2
  • External links 8

Climate

Mytishchi has humid continental climate, same as Moscow: with long, cold winters and short, warm to hot summers.

  • January daily mean: −10 °C (14 °F); average maximum: −7 °C (19 °F); average minimum: −13 °C (9 °F)
  • July daily mean: 19 °C (66 °F); average maximum: 24 °C (75 °F); average minimum: 14 °C (57 °F)
Climate data for Mytishchi, Moscow Oblast
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −10
(14)
−9
(16)
−4
(25)
6.0
(42.8)
13.0
(55.4)
17.0
(62.6)
19.0
(66.2)
16.0
(60.8)
11.0
(51.8)
4.0
(39.2)
−2
(28)
−8
(18)
4.4
(39.98)
Source: Climate and ecology of Mytishchi[8]

History

The first settlement of ancient hunters and fishermen in this location is dated to the 6th–8th millennia BCE, i.e. in the late Stone Age. In the 8th–9th centuries, first Slavic tribes (Vyatichi and Krivichs) began settling here. In and around Mytishchinsky District about a dozen of such settlements from the 11th–13th centuries have been discovered.

The modern settlement has been known since 1460 and since the 19th century it has been known as Bolshiye Mytishchi (Большие Мытищи). Its history is closely linked to the Yauzsky port. Mytishchi was an important place on the trade ship route. Through this site commercial ships had been hauled across on wheels, rollers, or skids from the Yauza River to the Klyazma River. Merchants had to pay a duty for this. The settlement got its name thanks to the duty, which had been known as myt (мыт).

In the mid-19th century, the population was 389. Town status was granted to Mytishchi in 1925.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Mytishchi serves as the administrative center of Mytishchinsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with twenty-four rural localities, incorporated within Mytishchinsky District as the Town of Mytishchi.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Mytishchi is incorporated within Mytishchinsky Municipal District as Mytishchi Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy

The city is the oblast's largest center for industry (machine building, arms industry in particular) and education.

Architecture

Monument to the first Russian water supply system

Mytishchi is famous for its aqueduct, built in the 18th century by the order of Catherine the Great. It was the first water supply constructed in Russia to provide the Kremlin with pure water.

Twin towns and sister cities

Mytishchi is twinned with:

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #123-PG
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #198/2004-OZ
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian).  
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^  
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Climate and ecology of Mytishchi". nesiditsa.ru. 
  9. ^ "INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION". panevezys.lt. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  10. ^ "Twin Towns". gabrovo.bg. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 

Sources

  • Губернатор Московской области. Постановление №123-ПГ от 28 сентября 2010 г. «Об учётных данных административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области», в ред. Постановления №252-ПГ от 26 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменения в учётные данные административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области». Опубликован: "Информационный вестник Правительства МО", №10, 30 октября 2010 г. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #252-PG of June 26, 2015 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №198/2004-ОЗ от 29 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе и границах Мытищинского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №73/2015-ОЗ от 5 мая 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Мытищинского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований" и Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Пушкинского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №13, 26 января 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #198/2004-oZ of December 29, 2004 On the Status and the Borders of Mytishchinsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #73/2015-OZ of May 5, 2015 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Mytishchinsky Municipal District and the Municipal Formations Comprising It" and the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Pushkinsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links

  • Official website of Mytishchi (Russian)
  • Unofficial website of Mytishchi (Russian)
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