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National colours of Greece

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Title: National colours of Greece  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: National colours, Economy of Greece, Greek War of Independence, National symbols of Greece, Symbols of Greece
Collection: National Colours, National Symbols of Greece
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National colours of Greece

The Flag of Greece since 1978, and the nation's naval ensign from 1822 to 1978, are in the national colours

The national colours of Greece are blue and white.

Blue and white are also the national colours of Argentina,[1] El Salvador,[2] Guatemala,[3] Honduras,[4] and Nicaragua,[5] were the ancient national colours of Portugal,[6] and are the colours of the United Nations.[7]

History

An 1852 oil painting by Theodoros Vryzakis illustrating bishop Germanos III of Old Patras blessing the blue and white Greek banner at Agia Lavra at the outset of the national revolt against the Ottoman Empire on 25 March 1821.

In March 1821, the Greek War of Independence broke out, an effort by the Greeks to free themselves from the Ottoman rule by declaring independence. The struggle to secure independence would continue until 1832.[8] Later in the year, deputies from various provinces of Greece assembled at Piada (near Epidaurus, and today known as Nea Epidauros) in the First National Assembly to draft the first Greek Constitution, which was published on 1 January 1822.[9] The Constitution of 1822 was the first of many which would lead to the modern Constitution.[10]

In addition to the constitution, the delegates selected Athens as the new national capital, though it had yet to be conquered from the Ottoman Empire.[11] They also selected a new standard for the troops, a "white cross on an azure field",[11] a new naval flag, and new national colours, sky blue and white;[12][13][14] the new colours replaced those used by Alexander Ypsilantis, and the black used by the Filiki Eteria,[11][15] and were specified in the Constitution.[12] The flag was raised at the Acrocorinth after its capture on 26 June 1822.[14]

In the Greco-Italian War, during which Italian forces occupied parts of Greece in 1940 and 1941, Greek civilians in Póthia would taunt the occupying forces by painting their houses in blue and white.[16] Some houses still retain this colouration among the more typical pink and ochre buildings.[16]

Symbols and decorations

The Coat of arms of Greece, in the national colours, was established on 7 June 1975

The [[coat of

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