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Nesle

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Title: Nesle  
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Subject: Gare de Nesle (Somme), Jean Mouton, Roman Catholic Diocese of Beauvais, Battle of the Golden Spurs, Arrondissement of Péronne
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Nesle

Not to be confused with Nesles, in the Pas-de-Calais department, or Nestlé, the corporation.
Nesles is also a village in the commune of Lumigny-Nesles-Ormeaux in Seine-et-Marne.
Nesle
Nesle is located in France
Nesle
Coordinates:
Country France
Region Picardy
Department Somme
Arrondissement Péronne
Canton Nesle
Intercommunality Nesle
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Paul Pilot
Area1 7.72 km2 (2.98 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 2,552
 • Density 330/km2 (860/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 80585 / 80190
Elevation 57–82 m (187–269 ft)
(avg. 79 m or 259 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Coat-of-arms of Nesle.

Nesle (French pronunciation: ​) is a commune in the Somme department in Picardie in northern France.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • Population 2
  • Personalities 3
  • Nesle family of lords 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Geography

Nesle is situated at the junction of the D930 and D337 roads, some 16 miles (26 km) southwest of Saint-Quentin. The Ingon, a small stream, passes through the commune.

Population

Population history
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
2417 2483 2811 2643 2642 2451 2552
Starting in 1962: Population without duplicates

Personalities

Nesle family of lords

Nesle gave its name to an old feudal family. This family became extinct at the beginning of the 13th century, and the heiress brought the lordship to the family of Clermont in the Beauvaisis,.[1] One of the first lords was Raoul I, Seigneur of Nesle (nl) (d.a. 1125).

Simon II of Clermont, Seigneur of Nesle through his mother Gertrude, was regent of the kingdom of France during the second crusade of Saint Louis. Raoul II/III of Clermont, constable of France, and Guy I and Guy II (d. 1352) of Clermont, both marshals of France, were members of the family. The brothers Raoul and Guy I were both notable casualties of the Battle of the Golden Spurs 1302, a French military disaster in the County of Flanders in the Franco-Flemish War (1297-1305).

The seigneurie (lordship) of Nesle was elevated to a countship for Charles de Sainte-Maure in 1467 and into a marquisate for Louis de Sainte-Maure in 1546. It was acquired in 1666 by Louis Charles de Mailly. His grandson, Louis de Mailly, had five daughters, of whom four (the Countess of Mailly, the Duchess of Lauragais, the Countess of Vintimille, and the Marquise de la Tournelle, afterwards the Duchess of Châteauroux) were successively, or simultaneously, mistresses of Louis XV.

See also

References

  • INSEE
  1. ^ Family tree of Clermont-Beauvaisis-Nesle (French)
  •  

External links

  • Nesle official website
  • Nesle on the Quid website (French)
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