World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Newmarket, New Hampshire

Newmarket, New Hampshire
Town
Downtown Newmarket
Downtown Newmarket
Official seal of Newmarket, New Hampshire
Seal
Location in Rockingham County, New Hampshire
Location in Rockingham County, New Hampshire
Coordinates:
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Rockingham
Incorporated 1727
Government
 • Town Council Gary Levy, Chair
Dale Pike
John Bentley
Daniel Wright
Philip Nazzaro
Toni Weinstein
Edward Carmichael
 • Town Administrator Steve Fournier
Area
 • Total 14.2 sq mi (36.7 km2)
 • Land 12.6 sq mi (32.5 km2)
 • Water 1.6 sq mi (4.2 km2)  11.43%
Elevation 39 ft (12 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 8,936
 • Density 630/sq mi (240/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 03857
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-52340
GNIS feature ID 0873683
Website .gov.newmarketnhwww

Newmarket is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 8,936 at the 2010 census.[1] Some residents are students and employees at the nearby University of New Hampshire in Durham.

The primary settlement in town, where 5,297 people resided at the 2010 census,[1] is defined as the Newmarket census-designated place, or CDP, and is located at the junction of New Hampshire routes 108 and 152, adjacent to the Lamprey River.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Antique postcards 2
  • Geography 3
  • Demographics 4
    • Town center 4.1
  • Notable people 5
  • Sites of interest 6
  • References 7
  • Further reading 8
  • External links 9

History

Incorporated in 1727, Newmarket is one of six towns granted by parish of Exeter, and was granted full town privileges by the legislature in 1737. It was probably named for Newmarket in Suffolk, England. The Lamprey River, running through the town, was named for John Lamprey, an early settler. For a while, the town was called Lampreyville. Newmarket was a center of the New England shipping trade with the West Indies, including importation of sugar and African slaves.[2]

Beginning with the first cotton textile mill in 1823, the Newmarket Manufacturing Company dominated the mill town's waterfront and economy with seven textile mills harnessing water power at the falls. The company had cotton shipped up from the Deep South, so its production was adversely affected by the American Civil War.[3] It built numerous support structures, including multi-family housing for workers. The company built dams upriver to create Pawtuckaway Pond in Nottingham and Mendums Pond in Barrington—during drought, the company could release a regulated flow of water from the dams into the Lamprey to run the works. The company closed in 1929.[3]

Adapted for modern commercial and residential uses, the textile mills are today listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In the 1970s, the mill served as the headquarters of the Timberland Company, during the years when it grew from a small work-boot manufacturer to a leading "urban" fashion brand. (The corporate headquarters are now located in nearby Stratham.)

Once a part of Newmarket, Newfields incorporated as a separate town in 1849.

Antique postcards

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.2 square miles (37 km2), of which 12.6 sq mi (33 km2) is land and 1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2) is water, comprising 11.43% of the town. Situated beside Great Bay, Newmarket is drained by the Lamprey River. The town's highest point is the summit of Bald Hill, at 281 feet (86 m) above sea level, near the town's southwest corner. Great Hill, with an elevation of 228 feet (69 m), rises just south of the town center.

The primary settlement, or census-designated place (CDP), within Newmarket has a total area of 2.0 sq mi (5.2 km2), of which 1.9 sq mi (4.9 km2) is land and 0.1 sq mi (0.26 km2) (4.43%) is water.

The town is crossed by New Hampshire Route 108 and New Hampshire Route 152.

Demographics

Newmarket Town Hall

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,027 people, 3,379 households, and 1,949 families residing in the town. The population density was 639.5 people per square mile (247.0/km²). There were 3,457 housing units at an average density of 106.4 persons/km² (275.4 persons/sq mi). The racial makeup of the town was 94.16% White, 0.64% African American, 0.20% Native American, 3.00% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. 1.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The town of Newmarket has a small, but growing and significant, Laotian and Laotian American population, refugees and their families. Buddhist practitioners among the Laotians attend the Wat Lao Mixarayam Temple in Lowell, Massachusetts.

There were 3,379 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 8.3% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 42.3% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the town the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 13.3% from 18 to 24, 37.2% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $46,058, and the median income for a family was $53,750. Males had a median income of $38,089 versus $26,375 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,085. 8.3% of the population and 5.7% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 11.1% are under the age of 18 and 5.5% are 65 or older.

Town center

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,124 people, 2,297 households, and 1,134 families residing in the central settlement, or census-designated place (CDP). The population density was 2,645.1 people per square mile (1,019.8/km²). There were 2,359 housing units at an average density of 469.5 persons/km² (1,217.8 persons/sq mi). The racial makeup of the town was 93.89% White, 0.84% African American, 0.25% Native American, 2.75% Asian, 0.49% from other races, and 1.78% from two or more races. 1.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Main Street c. 1912

There were 2,297 households out of which 24.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.0% were married couples living together, 9.7% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 50.6% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the settlement the population was spread out with 19.5% under the age of 18, 17.3% from 18 to 24, 37.6% from 25 to 44, 17.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.

The median income for a household is $40,561, and the median income for a family was $47,553. Males had a median income of $33,977 versus $24,506 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,841. 10.2% of the population and 6.8% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 14.4% are under the age of 18 and 5.5% are 65 or older.

Notable people

Sites of interest

References

  1. ^ a b United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  2. ^ New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  3. ^ a b History of the Lamprey River Mills

Further reading

  • ; Boston, Massachusetts 1859A History and Description of New EnglandA. J. Coolidge and J. B. Mansfield,

External links

  • Town of Newmarket official website
  • Newmarket Public Library
  • History of Newmarket Manufacturing Company mill
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  • Newmarket Channel 13, community access station
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.