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Pakistan Marines

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Pakistan Marines

Pakistan Marines
Official emblem of the Pakistan Marines
Active 1971-1974
1990-Present
Country  Pakistan
Branch  Pakistan Navy
Type Marine warfare
Role Expeditionary and Amphibious warfare
Size 2,000 or 5,000 (vary as troops are rotated)
Part of Naval Strategic Forces Command
Pakistan Armed Forces
Marines Combatant Headquarters (MHQ) Qasim Marine Base Karachi, Sindh Province
Pakistan Maritime Academy, Karachi
Nickname(s) PM
Motto And hold fast Allah's path and do not be divided
Anniversaries Navy Day: September 6
Engagements

Bangladesh Liberation War
Operation Enduring Freedom – HOA
Operation Sir Creek
Indo-Pakistani War of 1999
War on Terror
War in North-West Pakistan
Operation Maddad-I
Operation Bright Star
Operation Madad-II

Operation Zarb-e-Azb
Commanders
Commander Coast Areas, COMCOAST RAdm Zadar Abbasi
Notable
commanders
Admiral Shahid Karimullah
Commandar Obaidullah
Insignia
Abbreviation PM
Arm Badge Marines

The Pakistan Marines (Urdu: پاکستان سمندریوں); English IPA: pɑkʰ məriːniz (or/ simply Marines); reporting name PM), is an expeditionary and naval warfare uniform service branch of Pakistan Armed Forces that consists of active duty high-ranking officers and personnel of the Pakistan Navy.[1] The Pakistan Marines are responsible for providing force projection from the sea, using the mobility of the Pakistan Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. Established in 1990, it is estimated about 2,000 active-duty personnel from the Navy, with plans to grow to brigade strength by 2015.[2]

In a military leadership structure, the Marines are a component of Pakistan Navy, often working closely with the Navy for training, executing expeditionary operations and [4] in the 1971 war with India, the Marines were disbanded from their service in 1974.[3] In 1990, the Marines were re-established by Commander Obaidullah; since then they have been a part of Navy, often conducting operations with the Pakistan naval forces.[3]

Pakistan Marines are primarily tasked with defending naval installations whilst guarding and monitoring the disputed Sir Creek border with India. During their training at the Marines Training School, military exercises are occasionally conducted in conjunction with the United States Marine Corps. As befits their close association with the Navy, the Marines share the same ranks with the Pakistan Navy but the military codes and training is the same as in the Pakistan Army.[1] In 2010, Marines, with a close coordination with the Army, Navy, and Air Force, were working around the clock to rescue villagers trapped by the country's worst deluge in 80 years.[5]

History

The Pakistan Marines trace their history to 1971 when the [4]

The battalion of Pakistan Marines landing and ashore off a landing craft utility during a training exercise in support of Operation Bright Star.

The Marines were finally restored by Admiral Jasturul-Haq Malick, chief of naval staff of Navy, on 14 April 1990. Its initially objectives were to provide security to cover naval assets, naval bases, and to aide civil power using the Naval mobility. Immediately, the two battalions were raised after personnel from Naval police were drafted. Navy's Commander M. Obaidullah (PN. Service number 1558) was designated its first Commanding Officer. The Marines were headquartered at the Fort Qasim which was at that time under the operational control of PNS Himalayas. As a first step, PNS Qasim was commissioned as training Camp Depot Unit (DCU) on November 25, 1990. The commissioning crew consisted of eighty commissioned officers, sixty seven sailors from general service and forty three Marines. Since the Corps' establishment, Marines had performed their assigned task with utmost dedication and alacrity.

As part of the first combat assignment, the Marines were deployed at the Sir Creek region during the last decade, threat on the South-Eastern border increased manifolds, warranting an immediate response. Estimating the type and quantum of threat, the Pakistan Navy proposed deployment of a sizable force in the Sir Creeks region. The then-Rear Admiral Shahid Karimullah vigorously pursued the case of an additional battalion and its phase-wise development plan. Since its inception, Creeks Battalion is deployed in its designated Area of Responsibility.[7]

On 28 March 2013, Pakistan Navy commissioned the third battalion of Pakistan Marines in order to further strengthen the defense of the Gwadar Port and to enhance the security of vital Pakistan Navy assets and installations along the western coasts of Pakistan.[8]

Pakistan Marines Headquarters

PNS Qasim is the naval base for the Pakistan Marines. It is responsible for general administration and logistics requirements of the Marines. Its roles include:[6]

  • Act as logistics base for Marines.
  • Operational readiness of all segments of Marines.
  • Defense of designated operational area in Creek.
  • Provision of security coverage to VA/VPs of PN and sensitive projects of national importance.
  • Aid to civil power and rendering of assistance in case of natural calamities.
  • Provision of Air Defense cover to designated PN units and Karachi complex through deployment of Mistral Missiles, and Air Defense Balloons.
  • Responsible for conduct of basic and mid-career course for Marines.
  • Maintain liaison with other PN and Army Institutions for coordinating various courses of instructions.
  • Supervision/career management of Marines.
  • Ceremonial duties.

Organizations

The Chief of Naval Staff, a four-star admiral, served as both the commandant of the Marines and as well as chief of the Navy. The Marines operational and intelligence directorates functioned by the Commander Coast Areas (COMCOAST) who directly reports to the chief of staff of the Navy. The Marine Training Center (MTC) was established in 1990 to impart basic and advance training to Marines and is equipped with modern training aid facilities to facilitate the conduct of various basic and advance-level courses.[6] Earlier, the Marines were trained as naval infantry covering both aspects of sea and land warfare. The Marines are provided comprehensive training in unarmed combat, close-quarter battle, security duties, swimming, small-arms handling and infantry tactics.[6]

The Pakistan Marine unit members dressed in operational camouflage uniforms with their U.S. counterparts.

The [6]

After passing the basic military training course, Some of the Marines are forwarded to the training establishments of Pakistan Army where they are trained together with the Pakistan Army Soldiers.,[1] the Marines are also sent to the army sponsored special weapons system schools, including specializing the operating the SAM missile systems, ordnance, and special security courses to protect naval bases on coastal areas.[1] The Marines formations and personnel wears the camouflage uniforms when deployed to an operational environment but otherwise they wear Navy dress uniforms in public and international ceremonies.

Facilities

Marine Training Center is equipped with modern training aid facilities to facilitate the conduct of various basic and advance-level courses. Training aids include computer lab, library, gymnasium, assault course, watercrafts, models of weapons and instructional movies.

Commissioned officers rank

The order of hierarchy, commissioned and non-commissioned ranks structure of Marines are same and as equivalent of Pakistan Navy. There is no four-star rank in the Marines (the four-star admiral is the chief of naval staff and the highest admiral in the navy and marines), all unit formations of Marines directly report to the Commander Coast (COMCOAST) while the Marines staff is directed and headed by a Chief of Staff of Marines, a three-star admiral in the Navy.

Structure of the Commissioned officer rank of the Pakistan Navy
Pay grade O-11 O-10 O-9 O-8 O-7 O-6 O-5 O-4 O-3 O-2 O-1
Insignia
Title Admiral of the fleet Admiral Vice-Admiral Rear-Admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant-Commander Lieutenant Sub-Lieutenant Midshipman
Abbreviation NE Adm VAdm RAdm Cdre Capt Cdr LCdr Lt SLt Mdshp
NATO Code OF-11 OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1
Rank Hierarchy 5-star Admiral(War Time) 4-star Admiral 3-star Admiral 2-star Admiral 1-star Officer
Structure of the Enlisted rank of the Pakistan Navy
Pay grade OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1 OR-1
Insignia
Title Master Chief Petty Officer Fleet Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer Petty Officer No equivalent Leading Rate No equivalent Able Seaman Tech-I Ordinary Rate Tech-II No equivalent
Abbreviation MCPO FCPO CPO PO NE LH NE ABT-I ODT-II NE
NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1 OR-1

Photo Gallery

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e
  2. ^ Pakistani Marines tour East Coast bases - Marine Corps News, news from Iraq - Marine Corps Times
  3. ^ a b c
  4. ^ a b c d e f
  5. ^ Amid the Pakistan floods: 'A village slowly drowning'
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Pns Qasim
  7. ^
  8. ^

External links

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