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Pope Pius III

Pope
Pius III
Papacy began 22 September 1503
Papacy ended 18 October 1503
Predecessor Alexander VI
Successor Julius II
Orders
Ordination 30 September 1503
Consecration 1 October 1503
by Julius II
Created Cardinal 5 March 1460
by Pius II
Personal details
Birth name Francesco Tedeschini Piccolomini
Born (1439-05-29)29 May 1439
Siena, Republic of Siena
Died 18 October 1503(1503-10-18) (aged 64)
Rome, Papal States
Other popes named Pius
Papal styles of
Pope Pius III
Reference style His Holiness
Spoken style Your Holiness
Religious style Holy Father
Posthumous style None

Pope Pius III (29 May 1439 – 18 October 1503), born Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini, was Pope from 22 September 1503 to his death on 18 October, 1503.[1]

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Election to papacy 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7

Biography

Born in Sarteano on May 29th 1439, son of Nanno Todeschini and Laudomia Piccolomini, sister of Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini, Pope Pius II.[2] He was received as a boy into the household of Aeneas Silvius, who permitted him to assume the name and arms of the Piccolomini family (his brother Antonio being made Duke of Amalfi during the pontificate of Pius II). Pius II appointed him in 1460, when only 21 years of age, to the See of Siena, which he had just raised to an archbishopric, and made him a cardinal at his first consistory, on 5 March 1460.[3] Within months he sent him as legate to the March of Ancona with the experienced Bishop of Marsico as his counsellor. He proved studious and effective.

Cardinal Piccolomini participated in the Giovanni Borgia in 1497.

In 1502 the Cardinal commissioned a library with access from an aisle of the Duomo di Siena that was intended to house the library of humanist texts assembled by his uncle and commissioned the artist Pinturicchio to fresco its vault and ten narrative panels along the walls depicting scenes from the life of Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini. Its iconography illustrating the donor's career gives an edited version of Pius' life, passing over his former support of the antipope Felix V. Though Pinturrichio labored for five years, the books never reached their splendid destination; yet the Piccolomini Library is a monument of the High Renaissance in Siena. Some of Pope Pius III's most famous portraits can be viewed in the Louvre Museum.

Election to papacy

Amid the disturbances consequent upon the death of

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Alexander VI
Pope
22 September – 18 October 1503
Succeeded by
Julius II
  • :Catholic Encyclopedia Pope Pius III
  • Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church:
  • Frida De Salve, "The Piccolomini Library"

External links

  • Wilkie, William E. 1974. The cardinal protectors of England. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-20332-5.

Further reading

  • Hendrix, John, History and Culture in Italy, University Press of America, 2003.
  • Munman, Robert, Sienese Renaissance tomb monuments, DIANE Publishing Co., 1993.
  • The Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol.19, Ed. Thomas Spencer Baynes, Henry G. Allen Company, 1890.
  • Williams, George L., Papal Genealogy: The Families And Descendants Of The Popes, McFarland & Company Inc., 1998.

References

  1. ^ Hendrix, John, History and Culture in Italy, (University Press of America, 2003), 173.
  2. ^ Munman, Robert, Sienese Renaissance tomb monuments, (DIANE Publishing Co., 1993), 112.
  3. ^ Williams, George L., Papal Genealogy: The Families And Descendants Of The Popes, (McFarland & Company Inc., 1998), 50.
  4. ^ The Encyclopaedia Britannica, Vol.19, Ed. Thomas Spencer Baynes, (Henry G. Allen Company, 1890), 153.
  5. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia – Visited 2011-10-08

Notes

See also

Pope Pius III

His coronation took place on 8 October 1503. He supported ulcer in the leg, or, as some have alleged, of poison administered at the instigation of Pandolfo Petrucci, governor of Siena.

This selection can be seen as a compromise between factions, Borgia and della Rovere, picking a frail cardinal with long experience in the Curia over the kin of either Sixtus IV or Alexander VI. [5]

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