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Quincy, Massachusetts

Quincy, Massachusetts
City of Quincy
City Hall at Quincy Center in May 2009
City Hall at Quincy Center in May 2009
Flag of Quincy, Massachusetts
Official seal of Quincy, Massachusetts
Nickname(s): "City of Presidents"
Motto: Manet  (Latin)
"It Remains"
Quincy is located in Massachusetts
Location in Massachusetts
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Norfolk
Settled 1625
Incorporated (town) 1792
Incorporated (city) 1888
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Mayor Thomas P. Koch
 • City Council At-Large: Joseph G. Finn (President)
At-Large: Michael E. McFarland
At-Large: Douglas S. Gutro
Ward 1: Margaret E. Laforest
Ward 2: Brad L Croall
Ward 3: Kevin F. Coughlin
Ward 4: Brian Palmucci
Ward 5: Kirsten L. Hughes
Ward 6: Brian F. McNamee
 • Total 26.9 sq mi (69.6 km2)
 • Land 16.8 sq mi (43.5 km2)
 • Water 10.1 sq mi (26.2 km2)
Elevation 30 ft (9 m)
Highest elevation 517 ft (158 m)
Lowest elevation 0 ft (0 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 92,271
 • Density 5,492.3/sq mi (2,121.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02169, 02170, 02171
Area code(s) 617 and 857
FIPS code 25-55745
GNIS feature ID 0617701

Quincy (pronounced ) is a city in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. It is a major part of Metropolitan Boston and is Boston's immediate southern suburb. Its population in 2010 was 92,271, making it the 8th largest city in the state.[1] Known as the "City of Presidents,"[2] Quincy is the birthplace of two U.S. presidentsJohn Adams and his son John Quincy Adams — as well as John Hancock, a President of the Continental Congress and the first signer of the Declaration of Independence.

First settled in 1625, Quincy was briefly part of Dorchester and Boston before becoming the north precinct of Braintree in 1640. In 1792, Quincy was split off from Braintree; the new town was named after Colonel John Quincy, maternal grandfather of Abigail Adams and after whom John Quincy Adams was also named.[3] Quincy became a city in 1888.

For more than a century, Quincy was home to a thriving granite industry; the city was also the site of the Granite Railway, the United States' first commercial railroad. Shipbuilding at the Fore River Shipyard was another key part of the city's economy. In the 20th century, both Howard Johnson's and Dunkin' Donuts were founded in the city.


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Climate 3
  • Demographics 4
    • Asian population 4.1
  • Neighborhoods 5
  • Economy 6
    • Income 6.1
  • Government 7
    • Local 7.1
    • State 7.2
  • Education 8
    • Higher education 8.1
    • Public primary and secondary education 8.2
    • Private and alternative education 8.3
    • Public libraries 8.4
    • Supplementary education 8.5
  • Transportation 9
    • Highways and roads 9.1
    • Airport 9.2
    • MBTA rail and other commuter services 9.3
  • Sports 10
  • Recreation 11
  • Notable people 12
  • See also 13
  • Notes 14
  • Gallery 15
  • References 16
  • Further reading 17
  • External links 18


View of Mount Wollaston as it appeared in 1840, virtually unchanged from the time of initial English settlement in 1625. The central part of this sketch was adopted as the seal of Quincy.

Prior to the settlement of the area by English colonists, a hill east of the mouth of the Neponset River near what is now called Squantum was the seat of the ruling Massachusett sachem, or native American leader, Chickatawbut.[4] Called Moswetuset Hummock, it was visited by Plymouth Colony commander Myles Standish and Squanto, a native guide, in 1621.[5] Four years later, a party led by Captain Wollaston established a post on a low hill near the south shore of Quincy Bay east of present-day Black's Creek. The settlers found the area suitable for farming, as Chickatawbut and his group, who used the name Passonagessit ("Little Neck of Land") for the area,[6] had cleared much of the land of trees. This settlement was named Mount Wollaston in honor of the leader, who soon after 1625 left the area bound for Virginia.[7] The Wollaston neighborhood in Quincy still retains Captain Wollaston's name.

Upon the departure of Wollaston, Thomas Morton took over leadership of the post, and the settlement proceeded to gain a reputation for debauchery with native women and drunkenness.[7] Morton renamed the settlement Ma-re-Mount ("Hill by the Sea") and later wrote in reference to the conservative separatists of Plymouth Colony to the south who disapproved of his libertine practices that they were "threatening to make it a woefull mount and not a merry mount".[8] In 1627 Morton was arrested by Standish for violating the code of conduct in a way harmful to the colony and was sent back to England, only to return and be arrested by Puritans the next year.[7] The area of Quincy now called Merrymount is located on the site of the original English settlement of 1625 and takes its name from the punning name given by Morton.[9]

The area was first incorporated as part of

  • Official Webpage
  • Discover Quincy - Quincy tourism information
  • Quincy Access Television - Channels 8 & 10
  • The Quincy Sun - Weekly Quincy newspaper
  • The Patriot Ledger - Quincy-based South Shore newspaper

External links

  • Browne, Patricia Harrigan, Quincy - A Past Carved in Stone, Images of America Series, Arcadia Publishing, July 1996, ISBN 0-7524-0299-4
  • Pattee, William S., A History of Old Braintree and Quincy: With a Sketch of Randolph and Holbrook, Green & Prescott, 1879, ISBN 978-1-4367-3321-2 (at Google Books)

Further reading

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ Quincy About Page
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  7. ^ a b c
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  11. ^ a b
  12. ^
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  15. ^
  16. ^ "MHC Reconnaissance Survey Town Report QUINCY." Massachusetts Historical Commission. 1981. 9 (10/18). Retrieved on January 16, 2010.
  17. ^ Schaeffer, K. H. and Elliott Sclar. Access for All: Transportation and Urban Growth. Columbia University Press, 1980. Accessed on Google Books. 86. Retrieved on January 16, 2010. ISBN 0-231-05165-4, ISBN 978-0-231-05165-1.
  18. ^ a b Koegel, R. "Partnership Education and Nonviolent Communication" Retrieved 2008-12-06 [1]
  19. ^
  20. ^ Conkley, D. "Flag Day is a banner day in Quincy". Retrieved 2008-06-12.
  21. ^ About Quincy beaches
  22. ^ Boston Harbor Association
  23. ^ MassGIS Protected and Recreational Open Space data, last updated 2008-07-10
  24. ^ Forbes Hill, USGS Geographic Names Information Service:612914. Presidents Hill, USGS Geographic Names Information Service:612985.Penns Hill, USGS Geographic Names Information Service:613396
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  34. ^
  35. ^
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  38. ^
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  40. ^
  41. ^ a b c d Encarnacao, Jack. "Quincy's Asian population surging" (Archive). The Patriot Ledger. March 23, 2011. Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  42. ^ a b c d e f Eschbacher, Karen. "Immigrants from India a growing community in Quincy" (Archive). The Patriot Ledger. July 2, 2003 (from the summary page(Archive). Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  43. ^ a b c Hsiao, Teresa. "WEEKEND TRAINING" (Archive). The Patriot Ledger. July 2, 2003 (from the summary page(Archive). Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  44. ^ a b c Eschbacher, Karen. "Quincy’s Asian-American community is growing, changing" (Archive). The Patriot Ledger. June 28, 2003 (from the summary page(Archive). Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  45. ^ a b Eschbacher, Karen. "Many anticipate Quincy is becoming THE NEXT CHINATOWN" (Archive). The Patriot Ledger. June 28, 2003 (from the summary page(Archive). Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  46. ^ a b Fox, Jeremy C. "Chinese population expanding in Boston suburbs" (Archive). Boston Globe. Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  47. ^ Eschbacher, Karen. "Asian American Bank's banking on success of new supermarket" (Archive). The Patriot Ledger. June 30, 2003 (from the summary page(Archive). Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  48. ^ a b Eschbacher, Karen. "LOOKING TO THE FUTURE" (Archive). July 2, 2003 (from the summary page(Archive). Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  49. ^ a b Eschbacher, Karen. "CLOSING THE DIVIDE" (Archive). The Patriot Ledger. July 1, 2003 (from the summary page(Archive). Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  50. ^ a b Eschbacher, Karen. "Two Asian-American officers make inroads in neighborhoods" (Archive). The Patriot Ledger. July 1, 2003 (from the summary page(Archive). Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  51. ^ Quincy Neighborhoods
  52. ^
  53. ^ "Contact Us." Boston Financial Data Services. Retrieved on October 23, 2009.
  54. ^ Reidy, Chris. "Quincy, Massachusetts-Based Grocery Chain to Take Over 75 New York, New Jersey Stores." The Boston Globe. May 24, 2000. Retrieved on October 23, 2009.
  55. ^ a b c "Major Employers." Quincy 2000 Collaborative. Retrieved on October 23, 2009.
  56. ^ "Here's who we are and how you can reach us." The Patriot Ledger. Retrieved on October 23, 2009.
  57. ^ "Office Locations." State Street Corporation. Retrieved on October 23, 2009.
  58. ^ Archambeault, Bill. "Blue Cross to merge offices, build in Quincy." Boston Business Journal. Friday October 17, 2003. Retrieved on October 23, 2009.
  59. ^ "Contact." TACV Cabo Verde. Retrieved on October 23, 2009.
  60. ^ "TACV Cabo Verde Opens Additional Sales and Ticketing Offices in U.S." Travel World News. July 16, 2009. Retrieved on October 23, 2009.
  61. ^
  62. ^
  63. ^
  64. ^
  65. ^
  66. ^ Donald B. Gratz, "The road not taken: The evolution of a municipal junior college" (January 1, 1998). Boston College Dissertations and Theses. Paper AAI9828009.
  67. ^
  68. ^ Sacred Heart School website
  69. ^ St. Ann School website
  70. ^ St Mary School website
  71. ^
  72. ^ Woodward School website
  73. ^ Eastern Nazarene College Photo Tour: Campus Kinder Haus
  74. ^ Adams Montessori School website
  75. ^
  76. ^ Mann, Jennifer. "Quincy Chinese language school cleared of abuse allegations" (Archive). The Patriot Ledger. December 30, 2008. Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  77. ^ "Operational Assessment and Potential Improvements"I-93/Southeast Expressway/Route 3 (Braintree Split): Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization, March 2006, p. 3.
  78. ^ Harbor Express website
  79. ^ [2]
  80. ^
  81. ^ North Quincy High School Red Raiders webpage
  82. ^ Whitfill, Mary. "Lunar New Year Festival in Quincy is less than 2 weeks off" (Archive). The Patriot Ledger. February 17, 2015. Retrieved on September 9, 2015.
  83. ^
  84. ^
  85. ^ Sam Mele sold to Cincinnati




See also

Notable people

The Lunar New Year is celebrated in Quincy.[82]


Quincy's high school sports programs are in the Patriot League:[81] the DIII Fisher Division "Red Raiders" of North Quincy High School and the DIIA Keenan Division "Presidents" of Quincy High School, who are rivals. Quincy also hosted the youth baseball Babe Ruth League World Series in 2003, 2005 and 2008. High school baseball and Babe Ruth League games are played at Adams Field. High school football is played at Veterans Memorial Field.

Quincy's only college sports program is the "Lions" of Eastern Nazarene College, in the DIII Commonwealth Coast Conference of the National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA) and the Eastern College Athletic Conference (ECAC). Games are played at Bradley Field and the Lahue Physical Education Center on-campus, or at Adams and Veterans Memorial Fields in Quincy.

Quincy has had several football teams in the semi-pro Eastern Football League over the years. The current club, the Quincy Militia, played its inaugural season in the EFL in 2009.[80] Founded in 2009 by long-time Quincy resident Vaughn Driscoll, new owners came into the team picture in 2013. Militia games are played July - October with home games at Veterans Memorial Stadium on Saturday nights.

The Real Boston Rams of the soccer 4th division Premier Development League, an affiliate club of the New England Revolution, has played in Veterans Memorial Stadium since 2014.

Quincy has had brief flirtations with professional sports. The Quincy Chiefs of the minor league Eastern Basketball Association (the predecessor to the current Continental Basketball Association) played a single season in 1977-78, and was coached and managed by former Boston Celtics executive Leo Papile. The Chiefs finished 12-19 in third place, and lost in the playoffs to eventual league champion Wilkes-Barre. Quincy's professional baseball team, the Shipbuilders, competed in the New England League in 1933, recording a 12-6 record before moving to Nashua midseason. The final season of the Boston Minutemen of the North American Soccer League was played at Veterans Memorial Stadium in Quincy, in 1976, finishing 7-17.


Quincy was a major terminal for the commuter boat system that crosses Boston Harbor to Long Wharf, Hull, Rowe's Wharf, Hingham, and Logan Airport. The commuter boats, which were operated by Harbor Express under license by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, docked at the Fore River Shipyard in Quincy Point.[78] Service ended in October 2013 after a water main break damaged the sea wall and wharf. Temporary repairs would have cost $15 million; permanent repairs $50 million. In 2014, the MBTA made the decision to permanently end the service and sell the land.[79]

Subway service is available on the Red Line of the MBTA from four stations in Quincy: North Quincy, Wollaston, Quincy Center, and Quincy Adams. Commuter rail service operates out of Quincy Center. Both services serve South Station in Boston with connections to MBTA Commuter Rail and Amtrak intercity lines. Buses are also available for transportation in Quincy, including private bus lines and several lines provided by the MBTA. Most of the MBTA routes funnel through the Quincy Center station, which is the principal hub south of Boston for all MBTA bus lines. The southern bus garage for the MBTA system is adjacent to the Quincy Armory on Hancock Street.

MBTA rail and other commuter services

Boston's Logan International Airport is accessible via MBTA Red Line connections at South Station, directly on the MBTA commuter boat (see below) or by motor vehicle using Interstate 93 or surface roads to the Ted Williams Tunnel.


As for Quincy's other important city streets, Hancock Street begins at the southern extent of Quincy Center and travels north to Dorchester as a main commercial thoroughfare of Quincy Center, Wollaston and North Quincy. Washington Street enters the city at Fore River Rotary after crossing Weymouth Fore River and continues to Quincy Center, ending at Hancock Street. Along with Quincy Avenue and Southern Artery, other heavily traveled streets include Newport Avenue, which parallels Hancock Street to the west on the opposite side of the MBTA railway, Adams Street heading west from Quincy Center to Milton, and West and East Squantum Streets in the Montclair and North Quincy neighborhoods. Other streets are discussed in several of the neighborhood articles listed above.

In addition to the Blue Hills parkways, Quincy includes two other Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation parkways. Furnace Brook Parkway travels east from I-93 through the center of the city from West Quincy to Quincy Center and Merrymount at Quincy Bay. There the parkway meets Quincy Shore Drive at the mouth of Blacks Creek. Quincy Shore Drive travels in a northerly direction along the shore of Quincy Bay through Wollaston and into North Quincy, with much of its length abutting Wollaston Beach, then turns in a westerly direction upon intersecting with East Squantum Street and continues to meet Hancock Street at the Neponset River Bridge.

Quincy Center as seen from the intersection of Adams Street and Hancock Street.

Principal numbered state highways traveling within Quincy include: Route 3A south to north from Weymouth via Washington Street, Southern Artery, Merrymount Parkway and Hancock Street to the Neponset River Bridge and the Dorchester section of Boston; Route 28, which travels south to north from Randolph to Milton along Randolph Avenue in Quincy through a remote section of the Blue Hills Reservation; and Route 53, which enters traveling south to north from Braintree as Quincy Avenue, turning right to form the beginning of Southern Artery in Quincy Point before ending at the intersection with Washington Street/Route 3A.

As Route 3 joins I-93 and US 1 at the Braintree Split, the three travel north together toward Boston around the eastern extent of the Blue Hills Reservation, entering West Quincy as the Southeast Expressway. The expressway provides access to West Quincy at Exit 8 – Furnace Brook Parkway and Exit 9 – Bryant Avenue/Adams Street before entering Milton. The Furnace Brook Parkway exit also provides access to Ricciuti Drive and the Quincy Quarries Reservation as well as the eastern entrance to the Blue Hills Reservation Parkways.

Interstate 93 and U.S. Route 1 travel south to north concurrently through Quincy beginning in the southwest, where the Quincy–Randolph border bisects the median between the northern and southern halves of the Exit 5 cloverleaf at Massachusetts Route 28. Following a route around the southern extent of the Blue Hills Reservation, this I-93 and US 1 alignment is along the former southern section of Route 128. The highway travels along a wooded wetland region of the Reservation, entering Quincy completely just beyond Exit 5 and then crossing into Braintree as it approaches the Braintree Split, the junction with Massachusetts Route 3. Weekday traffic volume averages 250,000 to 275,000 vehicles per day at this intersection, the gateway from Boston and its inner core to the South Shore and Cape Cod.[77]

Highways and roads

As part of Metro Boston, Quincy has easy access to transportation facilities. State highways and the Interstate system connect the Greater Boston area to the airport, port, and intermodal facilities of Boston. Due to its proximity to Boston proper, Quincy is connected not only by these modes of transportation but also to the regional subway system, operated by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA), known locally as "The T". The four subway or "T" stops in Quincy, which are on the MBTA's Red Line, are North Quincy Station, Wollaston Station, Quincy Center Station, and Quincy Adams Station.

City of Presidents banner previously displayed on Route 3A. The temporary Fore River Bridge can be seen in the background.


In December 2002 the Vrindavana Preservation Society established the Vaisnava Academy which caters to Quincy's East Indian community and offers courses for children. Subjects include the Hindi language, Indian dance and music, and yoga.[42]

The Chung Yee School is another Chinese school in Quincy. As of 2008 the headmaster is Harry Kwan, who originated from Hong Kong. That year the school had 100 students and charged $100 ($109.54 adjusted for inflation) per child per month for Chinese language and culture after school classes. It was first established around 1996. The school was briefly closed by the Quincy Police Department in November 28, 2008 due to a lack of Massachusetts state and local government permits. After the state and municipal authorities cleared the school of allegations of child abuse, it was scheduled to reopen that year.[76]

Peter Jae established the Quincy Chinese Language School, which offers supplementary education for Chinese children, in 1988. As of 2003 it holds Cantonese language classes for 150 students at the Sacred Heart School in North Quincy on Saturday mornings. The school at one time had 400 students but the school reduced itself in size when a lack of qualified teachers occurred.[43]

Supplementary education

The Thomas Crane Public Library serves as the public library system of Quincy, Massachusetts.

Public libraries

For a number of years, the Fore River Apprentice School was operated at the Fore River Shipyard to teach its students how to work in the shipyard.[75]

Private and alternative education institutions for children in preschool-8th grade include Quincy's three Catholic schools - Sacred Heart, St. Ann and St. Mary.[68][69][70] Because of declining enrollment and the ongoing economic crisis, the three merged to form the Quincy Catholic Academy, which opened in September 2010, at the site of the Sacred Heart school.[71] The Woodward School for Girls is a non-sectarian college preparatory day school for girls in grades 6-12[72] Campus Kinder Haus (CKH) is operated by the Eastern Nazarene College on its Old Colony campus.[73] The Adams Montessori School is open for children of preschool through elementary school age[74]

Private and alternative education

Public elementary schools
  • Atlantic
  • Broad Meadows
  • Central
  • Point Webster
  • Reay E. Sterling
Public middle schools
Public high schools

Public education at the primary and secondary levels is managed by Quincy Public Schools, a system that includes one early childhood center, eleven elementary schools, five middle schools and two high schools.[67]

Public primary and secondary education

[66] The city is home to

Higher education

Quincy is home to various educational institutions, public and private, including one early childhood education center, one Montessori school, one Catholic school, one college preparatory school, one college of liberal arts and sciences (Eastern Nazarene College), one community college (Quincy College), two public high schools, five public middle schools, and 12 public elementary schools. In the 19th century, the city became an innovator in progressive public education with the Quincy Method, developed by Francis W. Parker while he served as Quincy's superintendent of schools. Four years after its implementation, a state survey found that Quincy students excelled at reading, writing, and spelling, and ranked fourth in their county in math.[18]

Munro Hall on the Eastern Nazarene College main campus


Quincy is represented in the Massachusetts State Senate by Democrat John F. Keenan. Four members of the Massachusetts House of Representatives represent Quincy: Bruce Ayers, Tackey Chan, Daniel Hunt, and Ronald Mariano. Each representative is a Democrat, and Mariano is the majority leader in the House.


In addition to the mayor, the city has a nine-member city council. Six councilors are elected to represent Quincy's wards, and three are elected at large. Councilors serve two-year terms. The city also has a school committee with seven members — the mayor and six members elected to staggered four-year terms.

Quincy has a strong mayor government. The incumbent mayor, Thomas P. Koch, has served since 2008; he is the 33rd mayor of the city. Mayors in the city were elected to two-year terms. In 2013, the city's voters opted to extend the mayoral term to four years, beginning after the 2015 election.[64]



Rank ZIP Code (ZCTA) Per capita
Population Number of
Norfolk County $44,692 $84,916 $108,943 677,296 257,451
1 02171 $36,933 $64,812 $81,455 17,735 7,551
Massachusetts $35,763 $66,866 $84,900 6,605,058 2,530,147
Quincy $33,131 $61,328 $74,544 92,595 39,778
2 02169 $32,613 $58,669 $73,743 55,064 24,466
3 02170 $31,165 $66,917 $73,971 19,796 7,761
United States $28,155 $53,046 $64,719 311,536,594 115,610,216
[63][62][61] Data is from the 2009-2013 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.


Other major employers with offices in Quincy are State Street Corporation,[57] Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts,[58] Harvard Pilgrim Health Care[55] and Boston Scientific.[55] TACV, national flag carrier airline of Cape Verde, has its United States corporate office in Quincy.[59] The Quincy office serves residents of Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island.[60]

During its history Quincy has been known as a manufacturing and heavy industry center, with granite quarrying dominating employment in the 19th century and shipbuilding at Fore River Shipyard and Squantum Victory Yard rising to prominence in the 20th century. The recent decades have seen a shift in focus to several large employers in the financial services, insurance and health care sectors of the economy.[52] Quincy is the location of the corporate headquarters of several firms, including Boston Financial Data Services,[53] the Stop & Shop supermarket chain,[54] Arbella Insurance Group[55] and The Patriot Ledger, publisher the South Shore's largest regional newspaper.[56]

A brown 10 story office building, headquarters building of Stop & Shop supermarket chain in Quincy Center
Headquarters building of Stop & Shop supermarket chain in Quincy Center


  • Adams Shore was originally developed as a summer resort location and is now a year-round residential area.
  • Germantown was the site of a former planned manufacturing community begun in the 1750s to encourage German immigration and is now a residential neighborhood.
  • Hough's Neck is a northeastern peninsular community named for Atherton Hough, who was granted the land in 1636 for use as a farm and orchard. Hough's Neck has a substantial Irish American population.
  • Marina Bay is a residential-commercial area developed in the 1980s on the site of the closed Naval Air Station Squantum with high-rise condominiums, restaurants and a large marina.
  • Merrymount is a primarily residential neighborhood and the site of Quincy's initial settlement.
  • Montclair is the northwestern section of the city along West Squantum Street, bordering the town of Milton.
  • North Quincy is a residential and commercial neighborhood along Hancock Street and Quincy Shore Drive that includes a substantial Asian population with substantial Asian business growth.
  • Quincy Center is the commercial and government center of the city where City Hall, Thomas Crane Public Library, the Old Stone Church, Quincy Masonic Building, and numerous office buildings and residential streets can be found.
  • Quincy Point is a densely populated residential area east of Quincy Center, with commercial areas along Quincy Avenue and Southern Artery, that is also the site of the Fore River Shipyard.
  • South Quincy is a residential area bordering the town of Braintree that includes Crown Colony office park and Faxon Park, a wooded 66-acre (0.27 km2) protected space.
  • Squantum in the peninsular northernmost part of Quincy grew from being a summer resort adjacent to an early civilian, then military airfield into a year-round residential neighborhood. Squantum boasts one of the largest Irish American populations, per capita, in the United States.
  • West Quincy is a residential and commercial section with immediate access to Interstate 93 and the site of several former granite quarries, now the Quincy Quarries Reservation, and the Granite Railway, first commercial railway in the United States.
  • Wollaston, named for Captain Richard Wollaston, the leader of Quincy's original settlers, was an early rail-accessed commuter home for Boston workers that is now a densely populated residential and commercial area and site of Eastern Nazarene College.

Quincy is divided into numerous neighborhoods with individual histories and characteristics.[51]

Map of Quincy neighborhoods


By 2003 Quincy Asian Resources Inc. planned to establish a newsletter for Asian residents.[48] In 2011 Boston Chinatown Neighborhood Center, Inc. (BCNC; 波士頓華埠社區中心) executive director Elaine Ng stated that the center would begin to offer services in Quincy. The number of persons using BCNC services residing in Quincy increased by almost 300% in a period beginning in 2004 and ending in 2005.[46]

In the 1980s some racial tensions, including violence, between whites and Asians occurred,[49] and at the time the city did not employ any Asian police officers, leaving the Asian population to feel a lack of trust in the police.[50] By 2003 the racial tensions had been greatly reduced,[49] and the Quincy Police Department at that time had Asian officers.[50]

As of 2000 about 50% of Asians in Quincy own their own houses; many who rent do so while saving money for down payments for their houses.[44] 65% of the Chinese were homeowners while only 10% of the East Indians were homeowners.[42] As of 2003 slightly more than 2,500 Asian Americans in Quincy were registered to vote, making up almost 25% of Asians in the city who were eligible to vote.[48]

Historically Quincy residents traveled to shops in the Boston Chinatown but by 2003 Asian shopping centers became established in Quincy.[45] By 2003 New York City-based Kam Man Food was establishing a supermarket in Quincy.[47]

In 1980 there were 750 persons of Asian origin in Quincy. Most of the Asian immigrants coming in the 1980s originated from Hong Kong and Taiwan.[44] In 1990, Quincy had 5,577 persons of Asian origin,[41] with 143 of them being of East Indian origin.[42] The number of Asians increased to 13,546 in 2000,[41] with about 9,000 of them being ethnic Chinese,[43] and 1,127 of them being ethnic East Indian. The latter group grew by 688%, making it the fastest-growing Asian subgroup in Quincy.[42] Around 2003 most Asian immigrants were coming from Fujian Province in Mainland China instead of Hong Kong and Taiwan.[44] At that time Quincy had a higher Asian population than the Boston Chinatown.[45] The overall Asian population increased by 64% in the following decade, to 22,174 in 2010.[41] Quincy's Chinese population increased by 60% during that time period.[46]

As of 2010 Quincy has the highest per capita concentration of persons of Asian origin in Massachusetts.[41] As of 2003 about 66% of the Asians in Quincy are ethnic Chinese,[42] giving the city one of the largest Chinese populations in the state.[43] There is also a community of persons of East Indian origins, with most of them working in information technology and other skilled professions.[42]

Kam Man Food in Quincy, Massachusetts

Asian population

The median income for a household in the city was $59,803, and the median income for a family was $77,514. Males had a median income of $51,925 versus $44,175 for females. The per capita income for the city was $32,786. About 7.3% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 17.5% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 36.1% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males.

There were 38,883 households, out of which 20.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.7% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.2% were non-families. 37.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 3.03.

As of the 2010 United States Census,[39] there were 92,271 people, 38,883 households, and 42,838 families residing in the city, making it the ninth largest city in the state. The population density was 5,567.9 people per square mile (2,025.4/km²). There were 42,838 housing units at an average density of 2,388.7 per square mile (922.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 65.5% White, 4.6% African American, 0.16% Native American, 24.0% Asian (15.6% Chinese, 3.2% Vietnamese, 2.6% Indian[40]), 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 1.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.6% of the population. 33.5% were of Irish (making Quincy the most Irish American city in the entire United States), 12.7% Italian and 5.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 77.1% spoke only English, while 8.0% spoke Chinese or Mandarin, 2.6% Cantonese, 1.9% Spanish, 1.5% Vietnamese and 1.3% Italian in their homes.


Climate data for Blue Hills Reservation (Blue Hill Meteorological Observatory), 1891−2010 normals, extremes 1885−present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 68
Average high °F (°C) 33.6
Daily mean °F (°C) 25.7
Average low °F (°C) 18.4
Record low °F (°C) −16
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.24
Average snowfall inches (cm) 16.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 132.1 146.7 174.0 185.6 220.2 231.8 258.1 242.5 204.1 182.1 133.3 125.9 2,236.4
Percent possible sunshine 46.3 50.9 48.5 47.9 50.4 52.7 58.0 58.7 56.7 55.1 47.0 45.9 51.51
Source: Blue Hill Observatory & Science Center [25][26]


Although Quincy is primarily urban, 2,485 acres (3.9 sq mi; 10.1 km2)[23] or fully 23 percent of its land area lies within the uninhabited Blue Hills Reservation, a state park managed by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation. This undeveloped natural area encompasses the southwestern portion of Quincy and includes the city's highest point, 517 foot (158 m) Chickatawbut Hill. Other hills within Quincy include Forbes Hill in Wollaston, Presidents Hill in Quincy Center and Penns Hill in South Quincy.[24]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.9 square miles (70 km2), of which 16.8 square miles (44 km2) is land and 10.1 square miles (26 km2) is water. The total area is 37.60% water.

Quincy Bay, within city limits to the northeast, is part of Boston Harbor and Massachusetts Bay. There are several beaches in Quincy,[21] including Wollaston Beach along Quincy Shore Drive. Located on the western shore of Quincy Bay, Wollaston Beach is the largest Boston Harbor beach.[22] Quincy's territory includes Hangman Island, Moon Island (restricted access, and all land is owned by the City of Boston), Nut Island (now a peninsula), and Raccoon Island in the Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area.

Quincy shares borders with Boston to the north (separated by the Neponset River), Milton to the west, Randolph and Braintree to the south, and Weymouth (separated by the Fore River) and Hull (maritime border between Quincy Bay and Hingham Bay) to the east. Historically, before incorporation when it was called "Mount Wollaston" and later as the "North Precinct" of Braintree, Quincy roughly began at the Neponset River in the north and ended at the Fore River in the south.

Quincy and surrounding area showing elevations and features


[20] The

Quincy was also an aviation pioneer thanks to Dennison Field. Located in the Squantum section of town it was one of the world's first airports and was partially developed by Amelia Earhart. In 1910, it was the site of the Harvard Aero Meet, the second air show in America. It was later leased to the Navy for an airfield, and served as a reserve Squantum Naval Air Station into the 1950s.

Quincy was additionally important as a shipbuilding center. Sailing ships were built in Quincy for many years, including the only seven-masted schooner ever built, Thomas W. Lawson. The Fore River area became a shipbuilding center in the 1880s; founded by Thomas A. Watson, who became wealthy as assistant to Alexander Graham Bell in developing the telephone, many famous warships were built at the Fore River Shipyard. Amongs these were the aircraft carrier USS Lexington (CV-2); the battleships USS Massachusetts (BB-59), now preserved as a museum ship at Battleship Cove in Massachusetts, and USS Nevada (BB-36); and USS Salem (CA-139), the world's last all-gun heavy warship, which is still preserved at Fore River as the main exhibit of the United States Naval Shipbuilding Museum. John J. Kilroy, reputed originator of the famous Kilroy Was Here graffiti, was a welding inspector at Fore River.[19]

In the 1870s, the city gave its name to the Quincy Method, an influential approach to education developed by Francis W. Parker while he served as Quincy's superintendent of schools. Parker, an early proponent of progressive education, put his ideas into practice in the city's underperforming schools; four years later, a state survey found that Quincy's students were excelling.[18]

Quincy, Massachusetts, oil on canvas, Childe Hassam, 1892

Among the city's several firsts was the Granite Railway, the first commercial railroad in the United States. It was constructed in 1826 to carry granite from a Quincy quarry to the Neponset River in Milton so that the stone could then be taken by boat to erect the Bunker Hill Monument in Charlestown, Massachusetts. Quincy granite became famous throughout the nation, and stonecutting became the city's principal economic activity. Quincy was also home to the first iron furnace in the United States, the John Winthrop, Jr. Iron Furnace Site (also known as Braintree Furnace), from 1644 to 1653.

[17] Quincy's population grew by over 50 percent during the 1920s.[16]

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