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Santa Clarita, California


Santa Clarita, officially the City of Santa Clarita, is the third largest city in Los Angeles County, California, United States[1] and the eighteenth largest in the state of California.[2] The city has annexed a number of unincorporated areas, contributing to the large population increase. It is located about 35 miles (56 km) northwest of downtown Los Angeles, and occupies most of the Santa Clarita Valley. It is a notable example of a U.S. edge city or boomburb. Santa Clarita was ranked by Money magazine in 2006 as 18th of the top 100 places to live.[3]

Santa Clarita was incorporated in December 1987 as the union of several previously existing communities, including Canyon Country, Newhall, Saugus, and Valencia, all of which are situated on the land of the former Rancho San Francisco.[4] It is bounded on the west by the Golden State Freeway (I-5). The Antelope Valley Freeway (SR-14) runs northeast-southwest through an irregular east border, and the Newhall Pass is the city's southernmost point.

Santa Clarita is often associated with the Six Flags Magic Mountain amusement park, though the park is located just outside the city limits, and the California Institute of the Arts (CalArts), located in Valencia.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Wildfires 2.1
    • Climate 2.2
  • Demographics 3
    • 2010 3.1
    • 2000 3.2
  • Government 4
    • Local government 4.1
    • State and federal representation 4.2
    • Education 4.3
      • School districts 4.3.1
      • Colleges and universities 4.3.2
    • Parks and recreation 4.4
    • Law enforcement and fire protection 4.5
  • Economy 5
    • Largest employers 5.1
    • Enterprise Zone 5.2
    • New home development 5.3
  • Media 6
    • Newspapers 6.1
    • Radio 6.2
    • Television 6.3
  • Infrastructure 7
    • Transportation 7.1
      • Freeways 7.1.1
      • Bus service 7.1.2
      • Train 7.1.3
      • Bicycle and walking 7.1.4
  • Notable people 8
  • Sister cities 9
  • See also 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

History

The Santa Clarita welcome sign in May 2010.
A typical stretch of Valencia Boulevard in the Valencia part of Santa Clarita in July 2004. The bridge in the distance carries a paseo (a type of dedicated pedestrian pathway) over the roadway.

Santa Clarita was incorporated in December 1987, but its history stretches back several centuries. About AD 450, the Tataviam arrived, numbering around 2,000 at their zenith.

In 1842, Francisco Lopez made the first "documented" discovery of gold in California. The event is memorialized in an 1842 mining claim issued by Gov. Juan B. Alvarado. The discovery was made in Placerita Canyon, an area later used as Hollywood's original back lot.

The community of Newhall is named after Henry Newhall,[5] a businessman who made his original fortune during the California Gold Rush after opening up the H.M. Newhall & Company, an extremely successful auction house in San Francisco. Newhall's next business interest was railroads. He invested in rail companies that would connect San Francisco to other cities and became president of the San Francisco and San Jose Railroad. In 1870, he and his partners sold the company to Southern Pacific Railroad, on whose board of directors he then sat. After railroads, Newhall turned his eye to real estate and ranching. He purchased a number of the old Spanish and Mexican land grants in the state for a total of 143,000 acres (58,000 ha) between Monterey and Los Angeles counties. The most significant portion was the 46,460 acres (18,800 ha) Rancho San Francisco in northern Los Angeles County, which he purchased for $2/acre, and which became known as Newhall Ranch after Newhall's death. Within this territory, he granted a right-of-way to Southern Pacific through what is now Newhall Pass, and he also sold them a portion of the land, upon which the company built a town they named after him: Newhall. The first station built on the line he named for his hometown, Saugus, Massachusetts. Following his death, Newhall's heirs incorporated the Newhall Land and Farming Company, which oversaw the development of the communities that now make up the city of Santa Clarita.

On September 26, 1876, Charles Alexander Mentry brought in the state's first productive oil well at Mentryville, giving rise to the California oil industry. The oil was brought to a refinery at Newhall, now the oldest existing petroleum refinery in the world: It was operational from 1874 to 1888.

A few days earlier, on September 5, 1876, Charles Crocker and Leland Stanford joined their railroads in Canyon Country, linking Los Angeles with the rest of the nation for the first time.

The Saugus Cafe, on Railroad Avenue in Saugus, was established in 1887[6] and appears to be, by far, the oldest still-operating restaurant in Los Angeles County.[7]

Filming in Santa Clarita began shortly after the turn of the 20th century with a veritable Who's Who of actors, including William S. Hart, Tom Mix, Harry Carey and a young John Wayne. Hart and Carey made their homes in the Santa Clarita Valley; today both are operated as county parks.

The Santa Clarita Valley was the scene of the second worst disaster in California's history in terms of the number of lives lost. Known as the "worst civil engineering failure of the 20th century". Shortly before midnight on March 12, 1928, the


  • Official website
  • Santa Clarita Tourism
  • Official Guide

External links

  1. ^ Santa Clarita Now 3rd Biggest City
  2. ^ California Department of Finance Press Release
  3. ^ MONEY Magazine: Best places to live 2006
  4. ^ a b c
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Tales of the Saugus Cafe, at Santa Clarita Valley History in Pictures (retrieved July 22, 2008)
  7. ^ "Centenarian (and older) restaurants?" Chowhound (post dated August 26, 2004, retrieved July 22, 2008).
  8. ^ http://www.scvhs.org/news/dispatch36-2.pdf
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^ a b
  14. ^ VoteSantaClarita.com
  15. ^
  16. ^ City of Santa Clarita CAFR
  17. ^ City of Santa Clarita Website Retrieved 2012-02-29
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^ http://www.castaic.k12.ca.us/
  21. ^ http://www.newhall.k12.ca.us/
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^ "Santa Clarita Valley Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
  28. ^ Financial Report
  29. ^ http://www.santaclaritaenterprisezone.com santaclaritaenterprisezone.com
  30. ^ verifiedaudit.com
  31. ^
  32. ^
  33. ^
  34. ^
  35. ^ "Tena, Ecuador" at City of Santa Clarita official website.
  36. ^ "Sariaya, Philippines" at City of Santa Clarita official website.

References

See also

Sister cities

Notable people

There are a series of bike trails and walking paths threaded throughout the city. Bicyclists can ride from the eastern end of the city in Canyon Country along a paved path which is independent from automobile traffic all the way to Valencia on the Santa Clara River Trail. This path closely follows the Santa Clara River and Soledad Canyon Road. There are many jumping off points along this route providing access to neighborhoods, Metrolink stations and commerce. Once in Valencia, there are several pedestrian bridges called paseos connected to the bike path network. The paseos keep riders and walkers above and away from automobile traffic. The neighborhoods in Valencia were planned to include an ample amount of walking and riding paths that connect to this overall network. In 2007, the League of American Bicyclists awarded Santa Clarita its "bronze" designation as a "bicycle friendly community."[33]

Bicycle and walking

Metrolink service operates 7 days a week, with reduced service on Saturdays and Sundays.

Metrolink provides commuter passenger train service to the Santa Clarita Valley along its Antelope Valley Line which runs from Lancaster to Union Station in Downtown Los Angeles, where transfers can be made to destinations in Southern California and the rest of the nation. Metrolink services 3 stations in the city, Via Princessa Station in the Canyon Country community, Santa Clarita Station which is centrally located in the city and serves most of the Valencia and Saugus communities, and the Newhall Station which serves the community of Newhall. All stations have large parking lots to allow commuters to "park and ride."

Train

City of Santa Clarita Transit was formerly known as Santa Clarita Transit.

City of Santa Clarita Transit has installed GPS transponders on its entire fleet, making it easy to track buses. This allows customers to go on the City of Santa Clarita Transit's website to see the arrival time at a particular stop. When waiting at an actual stop, customers can text the stop number or scan a QR code and an arrival time will display on their mobile phone.

City of Santa Clarita Transit operates weekdays from 4:15 a.m.–11:15 p.m., Saturdays from 6:15 a.m.-10:45 p.m., and on Sundays from 7:15 a.m. to 8:45 p.m. Service operates as frequently as every 15 minutes during peak periods to every 90 minutes during off-peak hours. Typically, buses operate every 30 to 60 minutes.

City of Santa Clarita Transit also operates Dial-A-Ride service for seniors and the disabled. Dial-A-Ride service is also open to the general public after 6:00 p.m. The service allows for pick-up and drop-off at any address within the City of Santa Clarita and within a three-quarter mile radius of the nearest fixed route bus stop in unincorporated areas.

On weekdays, City of Santa Clarita Transit operates commuter buses to/from Burbank, downtown Los Angeles, North Hollywood (operates seven days per week), Warner Center, Van Nuys, and Century City. Also on weekdays when school is in session, City of Santa Clarita Transit operates supplemental school-day service with routes and scheduled stops designed around various school sites within the Santa Clarita Valley.

City of Santa Clarita Transit provides extensive bus service within the Santa Clarita Valley and to/from North Hollywood in the San Fernando Valley. City of Santa Clarita Transit is operated by MV Transportation, Inc. under contract with the city of Santa Clarita.[32]

Bus service

Santa Clarita is serviced by Interstate 5 on the western side of the City. The east side of the City is serviced by State Route 14. State Route 126 terminates at Interstate 5, where it goes west to Ventura, passing through Fillmore and Santa Paula.

Freeways

Transportation

Infrastructure

There are no commercial over-the-air television stations in the Santa Clarita Valley. The city is part of the Los Angeles media market. Digital signals from the Los Angeles stations are available on local cable television systems, DirecTV, and Dish Network.

All local programming for Santa Clarita is carried on a single public-access television cable TV channel, which is operated by SCVTV, a tax-exempt 501(c)(3) nonprofit corporation. It is available to Time Warner Cable customers throughout the Santa Clarita Valley on Channel 20 and to AT&T U-verse customers under local programming (Channel 99/Santa Clarita). SCVTV carries public, educational and government programming, including Santa Clarita City Council and Planning Commission meetings, history shows, high school and college news programs, talk shows, football games. and other programs of local interest.

Television

There are also several other Internet Based Radio Stations that serve the public in the Santa Clarita Valley.

In addition to KHTS, the City of Santa Clarita and its surrounding communities are indirectly served by a number of major market Los Angeles FM and AM radio stations, though residents often complain that radio reception in the valley is poor due to the surrounding hillsides.

The Santa Clarita Valley is exclusively served by one radio station: AM-1220 KHTS. The commercial radio station, operated by longtime residents and public servants Carl and Jeri-Seratti Goldman, broadcasts from studios located in Canyon Country. The station carries local news, traffic, weather, sports, music and talk shows. The station's transmitter and antennas are located on Sierra Highway between Soledad Canyon Rd. and Sand Canyon Rd. The station has been on the air since October, 2003. Prior to KHTS, AM-1220 was known as KBET until 1999 when the Goldmans sold it to now-Clear Channel Communications, only to buy it back in 2003.

Radio

Additionally, Santa Clarita is served by the Los Angeles Daily News. The Daily News primarily focuses on news, sports and entertainment stories in the San Fernando Valley and Los Angeles, but also covers Santa Clarita periodically. Daily News circulation numbers within the Santa Clarita Valley are not known.

The primary daily newspaper, The Santa Clarita Valley Signal was founded in 1919 and enjoys a weekday circulation of 10,454[30] and a Sunday circulation of 11,598.[31] The newspaper focuses almost exclusively on local news, sports, entertainment and features. The Signal‍ '​s offices on Creekside Road serve as the newspaper's newsroom, production office, IT and web design facility, and printing facility.

Newspapers

The City of Santa Clarita and surrounding communities are served by several local media properties.

Media

Santa Clarita has experienced significant new home growth led by various builders such as K. Hovnanian Homes, Lennar and KB Home.

New home development

The newly designated Enterprise Zone is now the base of operations for several large companies, including True Position Technologies, Salt Creek Grille, Condomman.com, and Trigg Laboratories.[29]

On July 1, 2007, to offer new businesses tax incentives to operate inside Santa Clarita, the industrial and commercial areas in northern and western Santa Clarita were zoned as a federally recognized Enterprise Zone. Additional warehousing and office space was also constructed. Presently, the Santa Clarita Enterprise Zone covers 97% of all commercial, business, and industrial zoned land within the city of Santa Clarita. This zoning allows local businesses to claim hiring, sales and use tax credits.

Enterprise Zone

# Employer # of Employees
1 Six Flags Magic Mountain 4,500
2 Princess Cruises 1,600
3 Henry Mayo Newhall Memorial Hospital 1,400
4 Quest Diagnostics 850
5 The Master's College 800
6 Woodward HRT 772
7 Boston Scientific 770
8 California Institute of the Arts 690
9 Walmart 624
10 Aerospace Dynamics International 548

According to the City's Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, for the fiscal year ending June 2014,[28] the top employers in the city are:

Princess Cruises headquarters in Santa Clarita

Largest employers

Princess Cruises and MannKind are based in Santa Clarita. Sunkist has moved its regional headquarters from Sherman Oaks to Santa Clarita.

Economy

The city contracts with the Los Angeles County Fire Department for fire protection. The agency has eight fire stations in Santa Clarita, but with the increasing growth in the area new stations are planned.

Santa Clarita does not have its own police or fire departments. The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (LASD) operates the Santa Clarita Valley Station in Santa Clarita and provides local police protection for the city.[27]

Law enforcement and fire protection

There are several public and private golf courses in Santa Clarita, including, TPC Valencia, Valencia Country Club, and Vista Valencia. The city is also home to a public ice skating rink called the Ice Station Valencia.

Santa Clarita was picked to be the end of Stage 6 in the AMGEN Tour of California, in 2007. Santa Clarita was also picked to be the end of Stage 6 and the beginning of the final stage, Stage 7, in 2008.

The Santa Clarita Marathon is held annually in November. The race was first run in 1995 and is now a qualifying race for the Boston Marathon.

Over the past several years, the city has cosponsored a summer concert series offering a variety of music in cooperation with various local businesses. These concerts are free of charge and take place on weekends in Central Park. The city offers a wide variety of fee-based and free classes and programs in a variety of locations throughout the year. These programs are listed in the quarterly magazine Seasons which is delivered to all residences within the city limits via mail.

The City of Santa Clarita's leadership has placed a priority on offering recreational facilities and programs since incorporation. Many youth-friendly activities and diversions exist in order to steer the city's children away from crime and gang activity. The city has established many neighborhood parks and maintains a comprehensive recreation program. There is a recreation center in Canyon Country that includes an aquatic park with wading, diving, and Olympic swimming pools along with a bicycle/skatepark, community swimming pools in both Newhall and Canyon Country and a community center in downtown Newhall. The city's largest park is located in Saugus and is known as Central Park. There are seventeen parks scattered in various neighborhoods throughout the city. Many have lighted tennis and basketball courts, baseball and soccer fields. There are over 3,000 acres (12 km2) of open space and 32 miles (51 km) of off-street trails within its boundaries.

Overlooking Santa Clarita from Ed Davis Park in Towsley Canyon.

Parks and recreation

Colleges and universities

School districts

Education

In the United States House of Representatives, Santa Clarita is in .[19]

In the State Senate, Santa Clarita is split between , and . In the State Assembly, it is in .[18]

State and federal representation

City Department Director
City Manager Ken Striplin
Assistant City Manager Frank Oviedo
Deputy City Manager / Director of Administrative Services Darren Hernández
City Attorney Joe Montes
Director of Community Development Tom Cole
Director of Parks, Recreation & Community Services Richard Gould
Director of Public Works / City Engineer Robert Newman

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[17]

According to the city’s 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $176.5 million in Revenues, $162.0 million in expenditures, $1,053.4 million in total assets, and $103.9 million in total liabilities.[16]

Council Member Current Position
Marsha McLean Mayor
Bob Kellar Mayor Pro-Tem
TimBen Boydston Councilmember
Dante Acosta Councilmember
Laurene Weste Councilmember
[15]The elected council is:

The City of Santa Clarita is a general law city and as such is governed by a Council/Manager form of government. The city council is made up of five council members elected to four year terms. Each year the council selects a member to serve as the Mayor, a largely ceremonial position.[14]

Local government

Government

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $79,004, and the median income for a family was $91,450. Males had a median income of $53,769 versus $36,835 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,841. 6.4% of the population and 4.7% of families were below the poverty line. 6.7% of those under the age of 18 and 5.9% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 7.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.4 males.

There were 50,787 households out of which 44.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.0% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.7% were non-families. 18.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.38.

As of the census of 2000, there were 151,088 people, 50,787 households, and 38,242 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,159.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,219.6/km²). There were 52,442 housing units at an average density of 1,096.5 per square mile (423.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.02% White, 20.50% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 8.54% from other races, 5.24% Asian, 3.89% from two or more races, 2.07% African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.15% Pacific Islander.

2000

According to the Census Bureau, Santa Clarita had a median household income of $82,607, with 9.5% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[13]

There were 62,055 housing units at an average density of 1,175.7 per square mile (453.9/km²), of which 42,335 (71.1%) were owner-occupied, and 17,172 (28.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.0%. 124,532 people (70.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 50,378 people (28.6%) lived in rental housing units.

In terms of age, the population included 46,180 people (26.2%) under the age of 18, 17,565 people (10.0%) aged 18 to 24, 47,788 people (27.1%) aged 25 to 44, 47,936 people (27.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 16,851 people (9.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.2 years. For every 100 females there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males.

The census reported that 174,910 people (99.2% of the population) lived in households, 1,281 (0.7%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 129 (0.1%) were institutionalized. There were 59,507 households, out of which 24,677 (41.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 34,126 (57.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,888 (11.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,322 (5.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 3,134 (5.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 484 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 11,634 households (19.6%) were made up of individuals and 4,335 (7.3%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94. There were 44,336 families (74.5% of all households); the average family size was 3.37.

The 2010 United States Census[12] reported that Santa Clarita had a population of 176,320. The population density was 3,340.6 people per square mile (1,289.8/km²). The racial makeup of Santa Clarita was 125,005 (70.9%) White (56.1% Non-Hispanic White),[13] 5,623 (3.2%) African American, 1,013 (0.6%) Native American, 15,025 (8.5%) Asian (3.4% Filipino, 1.7% Korean, 0.8% Indian, 0.8% Chinese, 0.6% Japanese, 0.3% Vietnamese, 0.9% Other Asian), 272 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 21,169 (12.0%) from other races, and 8,213 (4.7%) from two or more races. There were 51,941 people of Hispanic or Latino origin, of any race (29.5% of the population).

2010

Demographics

Climate data for Santa Clarita, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 64
(18)
66
(19)
68
(20)
74
(23)
79
(26)
89
(32)
96
(36)
94
(34)
91
(33)
82
(28)
72
(22)
65
(18)
78.3
(25.8)
Average low °F (°C) 36
(2)
37
(3)
38
(3)
41
(5)
45
(7)
50
(10)
54
(12)
55
(13)
52
(11)
46
(8)
39
(4)
36
(2)
44.1
(6.7)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.99
(75.9)
3.50
(88.9)
3.03
(77)
.63
(16)
.22
(5.6)
.01
(0.3)
.01
(0.3)
.11
(2.8)
.27
(6.9)
.36
(9.1)
1.22
(31)
1.61
(40.9)
13.96
(354.6)
Source: [9]
, the months of late summer and early autumn are often referred to as "fire season." Moreover, wildfire activity occurs throughout the entire year during drought conditions. The warmest months of the year are July through September, although it is not unusual for hot weather to occur in early October. During this time, temperatures typically remain in the high 90's and low 100's, but temperatures can reach as high as 117 degrees, as it did in September 2010. Winters are mild, with temperatures dropping below freezing only occasionally on clear winter nights. Rain falls primarily from December through February. Snow has occurred before and was last seen on April 8, 2011 and February 26, 2011, where some areas received a dusting. The area also received measurable snow on January 2, 2011 (1-4 inches). chaparral, characterized by warm and dry days most of the year with mild-moist winters. During the summer, hot weather is predominant with occasional days of high humidity and cumulus buildups over the higher terrain surrounding the valley. During influxes of monsoonal moisture in the summer, thunderstorms sometimes occur. Due to its close proximity to the Mojave/Upper Desert and Pacific ocean, varying micro-climates are common. Characterized by dry hills covered in brush and Mediterranean climate zoneSanta Clarita is within a

Climate

Santa Clarita is one of the top areas in the nation for wildfire activity. Recent fires in and around the city of Santa Clarita include the Stables (2001), Copper (2002), Bouquet (2002), Simi (2003), Verdale (2003), Foothill (2004), Buckweed (2007), Ranch (2007), Magic (2007), Sayre (2008), Station (2009), Powerhouse (2013), and Valley (2014).

Wildfires

Santa Clarita is situated near the San Fernando fault zone and was affected by the 1971 San Fernando earthquake, also known as the Sylmar quake. The city was also affected by the 1994 Northridge earthquake, and many commercial and residential buildings were devastated by its aftermath, including the nearby Newhall Pass, the Valencia Town Center, and Six Flags Magic Mountain. The 38 story tall Sky Tower at Magic Mountain swayed six feet in each direction during the Northridge earthquake with only minor damage.

Santa Clarita, according to the United States Census Bureau, has a total area of 62.16 square miles (161.0 km2), of which 62.10 square miles (160.8 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) (0.099%) is water.

Geography

After numerous failed attempts to form a city and at least two failed attempts to form a separate county, the people of the Santa Clarita Valley finally succeeded in incorporating the City of Santa Clarita at 4:30 PM on December 15, 1987 after voting in favor of incorporation by a margin of two to one in that year's general election.[4] The other proposed name for the new city, which was narrowly defeated, was "City of the Canyons."[4]

[8]

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