World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Season of the Inundation

Article Id: WHEBN0000113074
Reproduction Date:

Title: Season of the Inundation  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Season of the Emergence, Season of the Harvest, Egyptian calendar, Thout, Paopi
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Season of the Inundation


 
or
 

The Season
of the Inundation – Akhet
in hieroglyphs

The Season of the Inundation (the MdC transliteration of the Egyptian term is Axt, and it is occasionally written as Akhet) [1] was the first season in the ancient Egyptian calendar. The Ancient Egyptians marked the beginning of their year by the rising of the Nile. This event was vital to the people because the waters left behind fertile silt and moisture, which was the cause of the fertility of the Egyptian nation. The inundation fell between mid-July and mid-November and began after the period of 5 epagomenal days known as ḥriw rnpt, "those over the year".[2]

Contents

  • Lunar calendar 1
  • Civil calendar 2
  • Months 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Lunar calendar

The Ancient Egyptians used this name in both their lunar and their civil calendars. The lunar calendar began with the heliacal rising of Sirius, which during the time of the ancient Egyptians occurred around September 20 (according to the Julian calendar — in Egypt the Sothic year happens to be of the same length as the Julian); the four months of their lunar calendar are roughly equivalent to the period from the rising of Sirius to the middle of November.

Civil calendar

The New Year's Day of the civil calendar, on the other hand, moved through the seasons over time, by about one day every four years. Therefore, the Season of Inundation does not continuously match any part of the modern calendar.

Months

The Season of Inundation consisted of four 30-day months. These months can be either referred to by number (months 1 through 4) or by names as follows:

The Season of Inundation was preceded by the Season of the Harvest and was followed by the Season of the Emergence.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Nigel C. Strudwick, Texts from the Pyramid Age, SBL 2005, p.87
  2. ^ Allen, James P. (2000). Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs. Cambridge University press. pp. 103–106
  3. ^ Marshall Clagett, Ancient Egyptian Science: A Source Book, Diane 1989, ISBN 0-87169-214-7, p.5
Preceded by
Season of the Harvest
Shemu
Egyptian Seasons

Season of the Inundation
Akhet
days: 120 days

Succeeded by
Season of the Emergence
Peret
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.