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Sultan Tangkal Alam Bagagar

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Title: Sultan Tangkal Alam Bagagar  
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Subject: Padri War
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Sultan Tangkal Alam Bagagar

Daulat Yang Dipertuan Sultan Alam Bagagarsyah (1789—12 February 1849, Batavia) was the last king of the Pagaruyung Kingdom. He was the grandson of Sultan Muning Alamsyah. He had four brothers-sisters: Puti Reno Sori, Tuan Gadih Tembong, Tuan Bujang Nan Bakundi and Yang Dipertuan Batuhampar. Sultan Alam Bagagarsyah was appointed as regent of Tanah Datar after the Netherlands seized Pagaruyung from the Padri. Because of an alleged conspiracy against the Dutch, Bagagarsyah Sultan Alam was arrested and exiled to Batavia, where he died in 1849.

When Sultan Alam Bagagarsyah was still 15 years old, a bloody dispute with the Padri in Koto Tangah happened. He managed to escape to Padang, which at that time controlled by United Kingdom. In Padang he lived as a commoner.

On February 10, 1821, along with 19 other adat leaders Sultan Alam Bagagarsyah signed an agreement to give Pagaruyung, Suruaso, Sungaitarab and surrounding villages to the Dutch East Indies. They also promised to obey and comply with the Dutch East Indies government. In return the Netherlands will provide troops to secure expelling the Padri.[1]

After most of the Tanah Datar were ruled by Dutch East Indies, Sultan Alam Bagagarsyah restored as king of Pagaruyung, replacing the Sultan Muning Alamsyah who died in 1825, at the same time served as the regen Tanah Datar.

On 11 January 1833, there was a great war against Netherland in Minangkabau. It is not alleged by the Dutch who thought has succeeded in conquering entire Minangkabau and subjugating the Padri. Dutch parties, especially Lieutenant Colonel Elout accused the Sultan Alam Bagagarsyah involved in those general resistance. Therefore, on 2 May 1833 he was arrested and on May 24 he was exiled to Batavia in a state of handcuffs. Sultan later released but not allowed to return to the Minangkabau.

He eventually died on February 12, 1849, and was buried in the cemetery Mangga Dua. In 1975, with permission from the Indonesian government, his tomb was moved to the Cemetery of Heroes.

Sultan Alam Bagagarsyah had four wives: Siti Badi'ah, Puti Lenggogeni, Tuan Gadih Saruaso and Tuan Gadih Gapuak.


His Father was Yang Dipertuan Sultan Alam Muningsyah (II) or Sultan Abdul Fatah Sultan Abdul Jalil (I) or Yang Dipertuan Patah and his mother is Puti Reno Janji Tuan Gadih Pagaruyung XI[2]


  1. Puti Reno Sori,
  2. Tuan Gadih Tembong,
  3. Tuan Bujang Nan Bakundi dan
  4. Yang Dipertuan Batuhampar


  1. Siti Badi’ah from Padang
  2. Puti Lenggogeni (niece of Tuan Panitahan Sungai Tarab)
  3. Tuan Gadih Saruaso (niece of Indomo Saruaso, salah seorang Basa Ampek Balai Kerajaan Pagaruyung)
  4. Tuan Gadih Gapuak (niece of Tuan Makhudum Sumanik)


  1. Sutan Mangun Tuah,
  2. Puti Siti Hella Perhimpunan (Puti Alam Perhimpunan)
  3. Sutan Oyong (Sutan Bagalib Alam) and
  4. Puti Sari Gumilan.
  5. Sutan Mangun (then become Tuan Panitahan SungaiTarab as one from Basa Ampek Balai from Pagaruyung Kingdom)
  6. Sutan Simawang Saruaso (then become Indomo Saruaso).
  7. Sutan Abdul Hadis (then become Tuan Makhudum Sumanik as one of Basa Ampek Balai from Pagaruyung) and
  8. Puti Mariam.


  • Puti Reno Sumpu Tuan Gadih Pagaruyung ke XIII (daughter of Puti Reno Sori Tuan Gadih Pagaruyung XII and niece of Sultan Alam Bagagarsyah).

Catatan kaki

See also

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