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Three Lords and Nine Ministers

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Title: Three Lords and Nine Ministers  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Three Departments and Six Ministries, Shanghan Lun, Zhou Bi Suan Jing, Nine Ministers, Chief Official of the Western Regions
Collection: Government of Imperial China
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Three Lords and Nine Ministers

The Three Lords and Nine Ministers system (Chinese: 三公九卿) was a central administrative system adopted in ancient China that was officially instituted in Qin Dynasty (221 BC - 206 BC) and was replaced by the Three Departments and Six Ministries system (Chinese: 三省六部) since Sui Dynasty (589-618 AD).


  • Divisions 1
  • History 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5


Three Lords referred to three highest rank officials in the imperial government, namely:

  • the Chancellor (丞相)
  • the Imperial Secretary (御史大夫)
  • the Grand Commandant (太尉)

Nine Ministers comprised all the ministers of importance in the central government. They were:

  • the Minister of Ceremonies (太常, formally known as 奉常)
  • the Supervisor of Attendants (光祿勛, formally known as 郎中令)
  • the Commandant of Guards (衛尉)
  • the Minister of Coachman (太僕)
  • the Commandant of Justice (廷尉)
  • the Grand Herald (大鴻臚, formally known as 典客 or 大行令)
  • the Director of the Imperial Clan (宗正)
  • the Grand Minister of Agriculture (大司農, formally known as 治粟內史)
  • the Small Treasurer (少府)



See also


  1. ^ Wang, 150-151.


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