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Vice President of Brazil

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Vice President of Brazil

Vice President of Brazil
Vice Presidential Standard
Incumbent
Michel Temer

since January 1, 2011
Residence Palácio do Jaburu
Term length Four years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Marshal Floriano Peixoto
Formation February 26, 1891
Website Vice Presidency
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Brazil
Foreign relations

The Vice President of Brazil is the second-highest ranking government official in the executive branch of the Government of Brazil, preceded only by the president. The Vice President's primary role is to replace the president on the event of his or her death, resignation, or impeachment, and to temporarily take over the Presidency while the President is abroad, or otherwise temporarily unable to carry out his or her duties. The Vice President is elected jointly with the president as his or her running mate.

The office has existed since the Proclamation of the Republic in 1889, although it was only officially instated as of the 1891 Constitution. It has been in place throughout all of Brazil's republican history, save for the fifteen years of the Vargas Era, when it was abolished.

Since the Proclamation of the Republic in 1889, seven Vice Presidents have been called upon to replace former Presidents, including the first Vice President, Floriano Peixoto, as well as Nilo Peçanha, Delfim Moreira, Café Filho, João Goulart, José Sarney, and, most recently, Itamar Franco. Four of these instances were due to death of the incumbent, two due to resignation, and one due to impeachment.

Requirements

The requirements to run for the office of Vice President are exactly those of the Presidency itself. In addition to the ordinary requirements to run for political office in Brazil, under the terms of article 14 of the Constitution, a candidate for the Vice Presidency must be a natural born citizen of Brazil (which under certain circumstances may include the offspring of one or two Brazilian parents living abroad) and be at least 35 years of age.

Election and Tenure

The President and Vice President are elected in a single ticket for a four-year term, and are inaugurated on 1 January of the year following that of the election. Both

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