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Plos One : Cyclooxygenase-1 and Prostacyclin Production by Endothelial Cells in the Presence of Mild Oxidative Stress, Volume 7

By De Melo, Christianne, Bandeira

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Book Id: WPLBN0003935780
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : Cyclooxygenase-1 and Prostacyclin Production by Endothelial Cells in the Presence of Mild Oxidative Stress, Volume 7  
Author: De Melo, Christianne, Bandeira
Volume: Volume 7
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary)
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Plos

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De Melo, C. B. (n.d.). Plos One : Cyclooxygenase-1 and Prostacyclin Production by Endothelial Cells in the Presence of Mild Oxidative Stress, Volume 7. Retrieved from http://www.hawaiilibrary.net/


Description
Description : This study aimed at evaluating the relative contribution of endothelial cyclooxygenase-1 and -2 (COX-1 and COX-2) to prostacyclin (PGI2) production in the presence of mild oxidative stress resulting from autooxidation of polyphenols such as (-)-epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG), using both endothelial cells in culture and isolated blood vessels. EGCG treatment resulted in an increase in hydrogen peroxide formation in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. In the presence of exogenous arachidonic acid and EGCG, PGI2 production was preferentially inhibited by a selective COX-1 inhibitor. This effect of selective inhibition was also substantially reversed by catalase. In addition, EGCG caused vasorelaxation of rat aortic ring only partially abolished by a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor. Concomitant treatment with a selective COX-1 inhibitor completely prevented the vasorelaxation as well as the increase in PGI2 accumulation in the perfusate observed in EGCGtreated aortic rings, while a selective COX-2 inhibitor was completely uneffective. Our data strongly support the notions that H2O2 generation affects endothelial PGI2 production, making COX-1, and not COX-2, the main source of endothelial PGI2 under altered oxidative tone conditions. These results might be relevant to the reappraisal of the impact of COX inhibitors on vascular PGI2 production in patients undergoing significant oxidative stress.

 

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